1800 to 1876

  • President

    President
    Thomas Jefferson was the third president of the United States and he also drafted the Declaration of Independence.
  • Robert Fulton

    Robert Fulton
    Robert Fulton was an American inventor, engineer, and artist. He established the first commercial steamboat service up and down the Hudson River in New York in 1807
  • Temperance Movement

    Temperance Movement
    The temperance movement was a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Participants in the movement typically criticized alcohol intoxication or promoted complete abstinence from alcohol, and its leaders emphasized alcohol's negative effects on people's health, personalities and family lives.
  • President

    President
    James Madison was an American statesman, lawyer, diplomat, philosopher and Founding Father who served as the fourth president of the United States from 1809 to 1817.
  • Battle of Tippecanoe

    Battle of Tippecanoe
    The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought between American soldiers and Native American warriors along the banks of the Kethtippecannunk, a river in the heart of central Indiana. Following the Treaty of Fort Wayne, an 1809 agreement requiring Indiana tribes to sell three million acres of land to the United States government, a Shawnee chief named Tecumseh, organized a confederation of Native American tribes to combat the horde of pioneers flooding into native lands.
  • War of 1812

    War of 1812
    In the War of 1812, the United States took on the greatest naval power in the world, Great Britain, in a conflict that would have an immense impact on the young country’s future. Causes of the war included British attempts to restrict U.S. trade, the Royal Navy’s impressment of American seamen and America’s desire to expand its territory.
  • Invention

    The first successful steam locomotive, designed by George Stephenson, makes its debut.
  • Invention

    René Laënnec invents the stethoscope.
  • President

    President
    James Monroe was the fifth U.S. president. He oversaw major westward expansion of the U.S. and strengthened American foreign policy.
  • President

    President
    John Quincy Adams served as the 6th U.S. president, from 1825 to 1829. He was the son of former president John Adams.
  • Invention

    William Sturgeon invents the electromagnet.
  • Erie Canal

    Erie Canal
    The Erie Canal is a 363-mile waterway that connects the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean via the Hudson River in upstate New York. The channel, which traverses New York State from Albany to Buffalo on Lake Erie, was considered an engineering marvel when it first opened in 1825.
  • President

    President
    Andrew Jackson was the seventh president of the United States. He is known for founding the Democratic Party and for his support of individual liberty.
  • Invention

    Samuel Colt invents the first revolver.
  • President

    President
    Martin Van Buren was one of the founders of the Democratic Party and was the eighth president of the United States.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    In 1838 and 1839, as part of Andrew Jackson's Indian removal policy, the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to an area in present-day Oklahoma. The Cherokee people called this journey the "Trail of Tears," because of its devastating effects. The migrants faced hunger, disease, and exhaustion on the forced march. Over 4,000 out of 15,000 of the Cherokees died.
  • President

    President
    William Henry Harrison was an American military officer and politician who served as the ninth president of the United States in 1841.
  • President

    President
    John Tyler was the tenth president of the United States from 1841 to 1845.
  • Invention

    Samuel Slocum patents the stapler.
  • President

    President
    James K Polk was the 11th President of the United States. He expanded the borders of the United States to the Pacific Ocean, added three states to the Union.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny, a phrase coined in 1845, expressed the philosophy that drove 19th-century U.S. territorial expansion. Manifest Destiny held that the United States was destined—by God, its advocates believed—to expand its dominion and spread democracy and capitalism across the entire North American continent.
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    The discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in California caused the largest gold rush in the world. James Marshall was in the process of building a sawmill for John Sutter when he spotted flakes of gold. The initial discovery led to approximately 300,000 people flocking to California.
  • President

    President
    Zachary Taylor was the 12th president of the United States, serving from March 1849 until his death in July 1850.
  • President

    President
    Millard Fillmore was the 13th president of the United States.
  • President

    President
    Franklin Pierce, the 14th President of the United States, came to office during a period of growing tension between the North and South. He encouraged the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and that piece of legislation set the nation on its path to civil war.
  • President

    President
    James Buchanan was the 15th president of the United States. He never married.
  • President

    President
    Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth President of the United States. He issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863. On April 14, 1865, while attending a play at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C., Abraham Lincoln was shot by Confederate sympathizer, John Wilkes Booth.
  • The Civil War

    The Civil War
    The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people.
  • President

    President
    Andrew Johnson was the 17th president of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869. Johnson assumed the presidency as he was vice president of the United States at the time of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
  • Invention

    Garrett Morgan invents the traffic light.
  • President

    President
    Ulysses S Grant was an American soldier, politician, and international statesman who served as the 18th president of the United States from 1869 to 1877.
  • Invention

    Melville Bissell patents the carpet sweeper.