1800-1900

  • election of 1800

  • enslaved men planned to end slavery in Virginia by attacking Richmond in late August

  • French secretly reacquired Louisiana

  • Period: to

    Tenskwatawa’s witch hunts

  • United States had purchased the Louisiana Territory from the French at a fire-sale price.

  • Marbury v. Madison

  • Tenskwatawa and Tecumseh built their alliance.

  • British demanded that neutral ships first carry their goods to Britain to pay a transit duty before they could proceed to France.

  • Britain was in the process of outlawing the slave trade

  • Embargo Act

  • British attacked the USS Chesapeake

  • efferson’s embargo sent the nation into a deep depression and drove exports down from $108 million

  • Period: to

    Britain, France, and their allies seized about nine hundred American ships

  • Jefferson retired from the presidency

  • United States ended its legal participation in the global slave trade

  • constitutional ban on the international slave trade

  • Supreme Court extended judicial review to state laws.

  • A free Black population of fewer than 60,000 in 1790 increased to more than 186,000

  • Hillis Hadjo, who accompanied Tecumseh when he toured throughout the Southeast

  • Battle of Tippecanoe

  • Alexander Hamilton’s financial plan expired

  • War of 1812

  • emocratic-Republicans held 75 percent of the seats in the House and 82 percent of the Senate, giving them a free hand to set national policy.

  • American naval forces secured control of the Great Lakes

  • Tecumseh fell on the battlefields of Moraviantown, Ontario

  • Atlantic Theater

  • U.S. Navy won their most significant victories in the Atlantic Ocean

  • American industrial espionage

  • Americans gained naval victories on Lake Champlain near Plattsburgh

  • Napoleon’s defeat

  • United Kingdom signed the Treaty of Ghent

  • New England Federalists met in Hartford

  • Battle of Horseshoe Bend

  • Southern Theater

  • The British sailed for New Orleans, where they achieved a naval victory at Lake Borgne before losing the land invasion to Major General Andrew Jackson’s troops

  • Period: to

    explosion of patents on agricultural technologies.

  • the last Federalist to run for president, Rufus King, lost to Monroe

  • U.S. soldiers and their Creek allies had already destroyed the “Negro Fort,”

  • South Carolina congressman John C. Calhoun called for building projects to “bind the republic together with a perfect system of roads and canals.”

  • Depressions devastated the economy

  • Dartmouth v. Woodward

  • Louisiana Purchase, applied for statehood

  • Adams-Onís Treaty

  • Missouri Compromise

  • Period: to

    More than five million immigrants arrived in the United States

  • Period: to

    over 250,000 Irish immigrants arrived in the United States.

  • only three states still had rules about how much property someone had to own before he could vote.

  • New York State completed the Erie Canal

  • The United States’ first long-distance rail line launched from Maryland

  • Adams and Jackson squared off in one of the dirtiest presidential elections to date

  • Calhoun secretly drafted the “South Carolina Exposition and Protest,” an essay and set of resolutions that laid out the doctrine of nullification.”

  • David Walker, a Black abolitionist in Boston, wrote an Appeal that called for resistance to slavery and racism.

  • English traveler Frances Trollope made the journey across the Allegheny Mountains from Cincinnati to the East Coast.

  • New England was losing its competitive advantage to the West.

  • census data suggests that at least 3,500 people were still enslaved in the North.

  • textile companies made up 88 out of 106 American corporations valued at over $100,000.

  • Martin Van Buren, a New York political leader replaced Calhoun as vice president when Jackson ran for reelection

  • Massachusetts, stopped supporting an official religious denomination. Historians call that gradual process disestablishment.

  • Jackson directed his cabinet to stop depositing federal funds in it.

  • Period: to

    Textile operatives in Lowell, Massachusetts, “turned out” (walked off) their jobs

  • citywide strike in Boston

  • Congress decided to increase the number of banks receiving federal deposits.

  • Treasury Department issued an order called the Specie Circular

  • Federal land sales plummeted.

  • Vice President Martin Van Buren, easily won election

  • Depressions devastated the economy

  • Panic of 1837

  • Panic of 1837

  • Runs on banks began in New York

  • Period: to

    economic depression.

  • Ohio created two navigable, all-water links from Lake Erie to the Ohio River.

  • Period: to

    1.7 million Irish fled starvation and the oppressive English policies that accompanied it

  • Period: to

    labor activists organized to limit working hours and protect children in factories.

  • Period: to

    Ten-Hour Movement

  • Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruled in favor of a union

  • child labor became a dominant issue in the American labor movement.

  • Samuel Morse had persuaded Congress to fund a forty-mile telegraph line stretching from Washington, D.C., to Baltimore.

  • Germans fled declining agricultural conditions and repercussions of the failed revolution

  • nativism spawned its own political party

  • Period: to

    Know-Nothing Party even nominated candidates for president

  • Immigration declined

  • Depressions devastated the economy

  • Americans had laid more than thirty thousand miles of railroads.