1800-1876

Timeline created by AStoldt
In History
  • U.S. Capital Moved

    The U.S. Capital is moved from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C.
  • U.S. Congress meets

    U.S. Congress meets for the first time in Washington D.C.
  • Thomas Jefferson is inaugurated

    Thomas Jefferson is inaugurated as the third president in Washington, D.C.
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Landmark Supreme Court decision greatly expands the power of the Court by establishing its right to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    United States agrees to pay France $15 million for the Louisiana Territory of 830,000 square miles, nearly doubling the size of the U.S.
  • Lewis and Clark

    Lewis and Clark set out from St. Louis, Mo. to explore the West and find a route to the Pacific Ocean.
  • Thomas Jefferson inaugurated

    Thomas Jefferson is inaugurated for his second term as president.
  • Lewis and Clark

    Lewis and Clark reach the Pacific Ocean.
  • James Madison inauguration

    James Madison is inaugurated and the fourth president.
  • Period: to

    War of 1812

    U.S. declares war on Britain over British interference with American maritime shipping and westward expansion
  • James Madison inauguration

    James Madison is inaugurated for his second term as U.S. president.
  • Washington Captured/White House burned

    The British capture Washington, D.C. and set fire to the White House and Capital.
  • Star-Spangled Banner

    Francis Scott Key writes Star-Spangled Banner as he watches the British attack Fort McHenry at Baltimore.
  • Treaty of Ghent

    Treaty of Ghent is signed, officially ending the war.
  • James Monroe inaguration

    James Monroe is inaugurated as the fifth president.
  • Spain cedes Florida

    Spain agrees to cede Florida to the U.S.
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    Landmark Supreme Court decision upholds the right of Congress to establish a bank, a power implied but not specifically stated in the Constitution.
  • Missouri Compromise

    In and effort to maintain the balance between free and slave states, Maine is admitted ad a free state so the Missouri can be admitted as a slave state. Except for Missouri, slavery is prohibited in the Louisiana Purchase land north of latitude 36deg 30min.
  • James Monroe inauguration

    James Monroe is inaugurated for his second term as president.
  • Denmark Vesey hanged

    Denmark Vesey, a former slave is hanged along with 34 co-conspirators, for attempting to lead a slave revolt and lay siege to Charleston, SC
  • Monroe Doctrine

    In his annual address to Congress, President Monroe declares that the American continents are henceforth off-limits for further colonization by European powers.
  • Gibbson v.Ogden

    Landmark Supreme Court decision that broadly defines Congress's right to regulate interstate commerce.
  • John Quincy Adams inauguration

    John Quincy Adams is inaugurated as the sixth president.
  • Erie Canal Opend

    Erie Canal, linking the Hudson River to Lake Erie, is officially opened.
  • First public railroad started

    Construction started on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the first public railroad in the U.S.
  • Andrew Jackson inauguration

    Andrew Jackson is inaugurated as the seventh president.
  • Indian Removal Act

    President Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act, which authorizes the forced removal of Native Americans living in the eastern part of the country to lands west of the Mississippi River.
  • William Lloyd Garrison - The Liberator

    William Lloyd Garrison begins publishing The Liberator, a weekly paper that advocates the complete abolition of slavery. He becomes one of the most famous figures in the abolitionist movement.
  • Nat Turner uprising

    Nat Turner, an enslaved preacher, leads the most significant slave uprising in American history. Nat and 80 others launch a bloody rebellion in Southampton County VA. The militia puts down the uprising and Turner is eventually hanged. Virginia institutes much stricter slave laws.
  • Adrew Jackson inauguration

    Andrew Jackson is inaugurated for his second term as president.
  • Period: to

    The Battle of the Alamo

    Texan defenders of the Alamo are all killed during a siege by the Mexican Army.
  • Texas declares independence

    Texas declares its independence from Mexico
  • Texans Defeat Mexicans

    Texans defeat the Mexicans at San Jacinto
  • Martin Van Buren inauguration

    Martin Van Buren is inaugurated as the eighth president.
  • Trail of Tears

    More than 15,000 Cherokee Indians are forced to march from Georgia to Indian Territory in present day Oklahoma. Approximately 4,000 die from starvation and disease along the "Trail of Tears."
  • William Henry Harrison inauguration

    William Henry Harrison is inaugurated as the ninth president.
  • John Tyler becomes President

    Following the death of William Henry Harrison one month into his term, his vice president John Tyler succeeds him as president.
  • U.S. annexes Texas

    By joint resolution of Congress, the U.S. annexes Texas.
  • James Polk inauguration

    James Polk is inaugurated as the 11th president.
  • Manifest Destiny

    The term "Manifest Destiny" is first used in print in an article written by John L. O'Sulivan in the Democratic Review.
  • Mexian War Starts

    The U.S. declares war on Mexico in an effort to gain California and other territory in the Southwest
  • Oregon Treaty

    The Oregon Treaty fixes the U.S. - Canadian border at the 49th parallel. U.S. acquires the Oregon territory.
  • Wilmot Proviso

    While the Wilmot Proviso was blocked, its introduction by Democratic representative David Wilmot, in an attempt to block slavery from the lands gained in the Mexican War, added to the ongoing debate over slavery.
  • Gold

    Gold is discovered in Sutter's Mill, CA.
  • Mexican War Ends

    The signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo end the Mexican War. For $15 million Mexico recognizes the Rio Grande as the boundary with Texas and cedes California, Nevada, Utah, most of New Mexico and Arizona, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming to the U.S.
  • Zachary Taylor inauguration

    Zachary Taylor is inaugurated as the twelfth president.
  • Harriet Tubman Escapes from Salvery

    Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery and becomes one of the most effective and celebrated members of the Underground Railroad.
  • The Compromise of 1850

    The Compromise of 1850 admits California as a free state, Utah and New Mexico territories left to decide slavery issue by popular sovereignty. Slave trade in Washington, D.C. is prohibited. A much stricter fugitive slave law is passed.
  • Zarchary Taylor Dies

    President Taylor dies and is succeeded by his vice president, Millar Fillmore.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin is Published

    Harriet Beecher Stow publishes Uncle Tom's Cabin. It goes on to become one of the most influential works stirring anti-slavery sentiments.
  • Franklin Pierce inauguration

    Franklin Pierce is inaugurated as the fourteenth president.
  • Gadsden Purchase treaty

    The Gadsden Purchase treaty is signed. The U.S. acquires border territory from Mexico for $10 million.
  • Kansas - Nebraska Act

    Congress passes the Kansas-Nebraska Act, establishing the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. The legislation also repealed the Compromise of 1820 and renewed tensions over slavery.
  • James Buchanan inauguration

    James Buchanan is inaugurated as the fifteenth president.
  • Dred Scott v. Sanford

    Dred Scott v. Sanford: A landmark Supreme Court decision that stated that Congress does not have the right to ban slavery in states and, furthermore , that slaves are not citizens.
  • Abraham Lincoln debates Sen. Stephen A. Douglas

    Abraham Lincoln gains national attention debating Senator Stephen A. Douglas.
  • John Brown

    Abolitionist John Brown and 21 others capture the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, VA, in an attempt to spark an slave revolt.
  • Abraham Lincoln elected President

    Abraham Lincoln is elected president.
  • South Carolina Secedes

    South Carolina secedes from the Union.
  • Mississippi Secedes

    Mississippi secedes from the Union
  • Florida Secedes

    Florida secedes from the Union.
  • Alabama Secedes

    Alabama secedes from the Union
  • Georgia Secedes

    Georgia secedes from the Union
  • Louisiana Secedes

    Louisiana secedes from the Union
  • Texas Secedes

    Texas secedes from the Union
  • Confederate Sates of America

    The Confederate States of American is established.
  • Jefferson Davis

    Jefferson Davis is elected president of the Confederacy
  • Abraham Lincoln inauguration

    Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as the sixteenth president.
  • Ft. Sumter

    Confederates attack Ft. Sumter in Charleston, S.C., marking the start of the Civil War.
  • Period: to

    The Civil War

    Conflict between the North (the Union) and the South (the Confederacy) over the expansion of slavery into western states.
  • Virginia Secedes

    Virginia secedes from the Union
  • North Carolina Secedes

    North Carolina secedes from the Union
  • Arkansas Secedes

    Arkansas secedes from the Union
  • Tennessee Secedes

    Tennessee secedes from the Union
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    The Emancipation Proclamation is issued, freeing slaves in the Confederate States.
  • Homestead Act

    The Homestead Act becomes law, allowing settlers to claim land (160 acres) after the have lived on it for 5 years.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg is fought
  • Gettysburg Address

    President Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address
  • Sherman Captures Atlanta

    General William T. Sherman captures Atlanta,
  • Abraham Lincoln inauguration

    Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated for his second term as president.
  • Grant Captures Richmond

    General Ulysses S. Grant captures Richmond, VA, the capital of the Confederacy.
  • Robert E. Lee Surrenders

    Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, VA.
  • Lincoln Assassinated

    Abraham Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth in Washington, D.C., and is succeeded by his vice president, Andrew Johnson.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, prohibiting slavery.
  • Alaska Purchase

    Alaska is purchased from Russia for $7.2 million.
  • President Johnson impeached

    President Johnson is impeached by the House of Repreentatives.
  • Johnson Acquitted

    Johnson is acquitted at his trial in the Senate.
  • Fourteenth Amendment

    The Fourteenth Amendment is ratified, defining citizenship.
  • Ulysses S. Grant inauguration

    Ulysses S. Grant is inaugurated as the eighteenth president.
  • Central Pacific and Union Pacific Joined

    The Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads are joined at Promontory, UT.
  • Fifteenth Amendment

    The Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, giving blacks the right to vote.
  • Chicago Fire

    The Chicago Fire kills 300 people leaves 90,000 homeless.
  • Credit Mobilier Scandal

    The Credit Mobilier scandal involving several members of congress breaks.
  • Ulysses S. Grant inauguration

    Ulysses S. Grant is inaugurated for his second term as president.
  • Little Big Horn

    Lt. Col. George A. Cluster's regiment is wiped out by the Sioux Indians.