1600-1700

Timeline created by jbeavers
In History
  • Jamestown is founded in America

    The Virginia Company in Britain financed the settlement of a colony in the 'New World'. Three ships carried a small group of colonists up the James River in Virginia until empty land was discovered. Jamestown was the first permanent settlement British settlement in America, but it faced great struggles during its formation.
  • First Tobacco Crop Planted

    Tobacco saved the Jamestown colony and opened the door to the future British settlement. The struggling colony had been unable to find a means of wealth by which to support themselves. Tobacco was planted by John Rolfe in the colony, and soon became a large scale export to European countries. The wealth of tobacco also brought more colonists to the area and replenished the population.
  • First Slaves Brought to America

    As a result of the continues labor shortage in Jamestown, specifically regarding tobacco farming. Dutch traders offered slaves to the colonists. The colonists accepted the sale and paid the Dutch for 20 slaves. This was the introduction of slavery to the British colonies and the root of later American slavery.
  • King Charles I Executed

    Due to political unrest in England, King Charles I was executed. This resulted in American colonies being forced to define their position regarding British affairs. Most colonies hoped to remain neutral in the political conflict, but other colonies pledged allegiance to the monarch's son. A conflict arose between parliament and the monarch-supporting colonies, resulting in the first discussion of English authority in America.
  • Land for Maryland Allocated

    The second British colony in America, called Maryland for the British queen, was founded by King Charles I. The original colony consisted of about 12 million acres of land. Originally intended as a haven for Catholics, the formation of a new colony paved the way for other colonies to be formed in America.
  • Virginia Law

    In Virginia, the first law was passed to help define the nature of slavery in colonies. The law stated the children of a slave mother inherited her 'condition'. In other words, children of a slave mother were now slaves for life, regardless of their father's condition. This law was the beginning of the American legal system which defended slavery by legalizing the growing slave population.
  • Period: to

    Bacon's Rebellion

    When a group of Doeg Natives became involved in a disagreement with a Virginia settler, misguided violence escalated the event to a full-scale conflict. A group of colonists led by Nathaniel Bacon began openly attacking all Natives in the area through their claim of self defense. Ironically, the colony's government largely saw Bacon as the trouble-causing enemy. The result of the rebellion was an angered native population and open hatred between natives and the colonists.
  • Period: to

    King Phillip's War

    Another Native conflict arose in England when Wampanoags, led by a native called Metacom, attacked British colonists in Swansea. What began as a singular act of retaliation escalated into a war involving the military forces of several colonies and originally neutral natives. The war resulted in the deaths of thousands of natives and opened the door to maintained a standing hatred of each other by the war's conclusion.
  • Period: to

    British Glorious Revolution

    Further political unrest in Britain resulted in another change in monarchs. James II was replaced by Protestant William and his wife Mary. the Revolution was peaceful and bloodless, resulting in it being called 'glorious'. The colonies rejoiced because the new monarch cemented Protestantism as the main British religion.