13 Colonies

  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    Date - 1783President - NoneOther Nations Involved - Spain, France, Britain, the IndiansEvent Description - The Treaty of Paris ended the Revolutionary War. It was signed by Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay in Paris, France on September 3rd, 1783. Britain agreed to take their troops out of America to let it be a free and independant country. The treaty created new borders and allowed loyalists to remain in America if they had left.
  • Jay's Treaty

    Jay's Treaty
    Date - 1794President - George WashingtonOther Nations Involved - Great BritainEvent Description - Jay's Treaty, signed by John Jay, gave the U.S. rights that were taken away by Britain and used the land to trade with other countries. This treaty stopped British control of ports in the West, giving Americans the right to trade with the West Indies. The treaty eliminated the Proclamation line that the British enforced in the U.S, giving America more land westward for ports around Lake Superior.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Date - 1803President - Thomas JeffersonOther Nations Involved - FranceEvent Description - The Louisiana Purchase transfered a huge amount of land by France to America. The land costed around $15 million and was spread out across the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains. Napoleon Bonaparte sold the territory to Thomas Jefferson because he didn't have enough troops to defend it from Britain. Jefferson bought the land for America to explore it and expand the U.S.
  • Louis, Clark, and Sacajawea Expedition

    Date - 1804President - Thomas JeffersonOther Nations Involved - Shoshoni and other Indian tribesEvent Description - The expedition was started to find a water route to get to the Pacific Ocean and to map out unknown land. The U.S. gained the land by buying the land in the Louisiana Purchase. William Clark and Meriwether Lewis were chosen by the U.S government to lead the trip. Later, Sacajawea, an Indian from the Shoshoni tribe, joined the men and saved their lives on numerous occassions.
  • National Road

    Date - 1811
    President - James Madison
    Other Nations Involved - Native American nationsEvent Description - The National Road was built to unify the United States. It joins Maryland the Ohio RIver and was built between 1811 and 1834. Thomas Jefferson signed the act that justified the building of the road. The National Road was also the first federally funded road that was created in the U.S.
  • Anglo-American Convention

    Date - 1818President - James MonroeOther Nations Involved - Canada, Ireland, Great BritainEvent Description - The Anglo-American Convention set the boundary between the U.S. and the land that was later known to be Canada. Great Britain sent Charles Bagot to America to meet with James Monroe, the Secretary of State. Canada becoming a country was ratified on April 28, 1818.
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    Date - 1819President - James MonroeOther Nations Involved - SpainEvent Description - Spain sold the U.S Florida for a mere 5 million dollars , also renouncing America the property of Texas. Named after John Quincy Adams and Luis de Onis of Spain, the treaty was signed on February 22, 1819 in Washington D.C. and ratified by Spain on October 24, 1820.
  • Santa Fe Trail

    Date - 1821President - John Quincy AdamsOther Nations Involved - Indian Nations, MexicoEvent Description - The Santa Fe Trail connects New Mexico to Missouri and was started by William Becknell. This trail assissts trade and transportation all around the U.S.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Date - 1830President - Andrew JacksonOther Nations Involved - Indian NationsEvent Description - The Indian Removal Act, signed and varified by John Quincy Adams, forced Native Americans to leave their homes and land to move westward. In 1837, the act removed 46,000 natives from their land despite of the Americans who argued with Adams who didn't view Indians as real people.
  • Black Hawk War

    Date - 1832President - Andrew JacksonOther Nations Involved - Native AmericansEvent Description - After being relocated due to the Indian Removal Act, a thousand Indian people followed the chief of the Sauk tribe back to their land in north Illinois. The Indians wanted to plant seeds with no intention of fighting, but when Black Hawk was attacked by American soldiers, war began. The war continued until Black Hawk and his son surrendered and were forced to be in prison until August of 1833.
  • Oregon Trail

    Date - 1846President - James Polk Other Nations Involved - Native AmericansEvent Description - This slogan was used during the Oregon Trail by James Polk in order to call for expansion that included California, Texas and Oregon.
  • Annexation of Texas

    Date - 1845President - John TylerOther Nations Involved - Native American nationsEvent Description - America obtains Texas from Britain. Great Britain didn't want the U.S to grow, then again didn't want Texas to be part of their own country. The United States congress voted and had a constitution made to make the annexation ratified.
  • Oregon Treaty

    Date - 1846President - James Polk Other Nations Involved - Native AmericansEvent Description - This slogan was used during the Oregon Trail by James Polk in order to call for expansion that included California, Texas and Oregon.
  • Mexican-American War

    Date - 1846President - James PolkOther Nations Involved - MexicoEvent Description - The idea of Manifest Destiny (the belief that the U.S had a right given by God to move in westward) was one of the main causes of the Mexican-American War. U.S citizens moved west into territories that didn't belong to America, places such as California, Nevada and Arizona. They soon later won these states in the war.
  • Mormon trek

    Date - 1846President - James PolkOther Nations Involved - Native AmericansEvent Description - Brigham Young led Mormons to settle into their new home called Salt Late City in Utah. After more than a year of traveling, many Mormons hoping to settle down in Utah lost their lives during the trip. Young followed in the footsteps of Joseph Smith, the creator or Mormonism.
  • California Gold Rush

    Date-1848President- James PolkOther Nations Involved- Native AmericansEvent Description- John Sutter hired James Marshall and his crew to build a saw mill for him when Marshall first discovered nuggets of gold in dirt. On March 15, 1848, a newspaper called The Californian published the discovery for all of California to see. People from all around the U.S and the rest of the world fled to California to search for gold and hoped to beome rich and live the "Amercian Dream." Few were successful.
  • Gadsden Purchase

    Date - 1853President - Franklin PierceOther Nations Involved - MexicoEvent Description - The Gadsden Purchase is 45,535 square miles, almost the same size as the state of Pennsylvania. The land was almost 30,000,000 acres but only cost Christopher Gadsden around thrity cents per acre.
  • Ports of Entry Act

    Date - 1865President - Abraham LincolnOther Nations Involved - Alien nationsEvent Description - The Port of Entry Act was enforced to keep other countries from overtaking the fish supply in the Marshall Islands. It kept track of the amount of goods that a ship could transport in and out of the port to ensure safety and means of production.
  • The Russian Treaty

    Date - 1867
    President - Andrew Johnson
    Other Nations Involved - Russia
    Event Description - The U.S. decided to buy Alaska from Russia, both countries agreeing on the price of around 7 million dollars. On March 30, 1867, the treaty was signed by Secretary of State William Seward as well as the Russian Minister Edouard de Stoeckl. Alaska is still part of the U.S til this day.
  • Antarctic Treaty

    Date - 1959President - Dwight D. EisenhowerOther Nations Involved - Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Russian Federation, South Africa, United Kingdom and the United StatesEvent Description - This treaty was created to ensure that Antarctica will always be free of radioactive waste and nuclear war, to be kept as peaceful as possible. Forty-six countries have agreed to the treaty. The Antarctic Treaty is still enforced today.
  • treaty of Fort Laramie

    Date - 1868
    President - Andrew Johnson
    Other Nations Involved - Native Americans
    Event Description - The treaty was created to show that the Black Hills land was part of the Sioux reservation. Instead of gaining territory, the U.S gave land back to the Indians. American general George Custer led miners to the Black Hills in order to search for gold, which they ended up finding. Miners began to destroy the land and Natives had no way to fight the U.S Army. It is still unclear who owns the land.
  • Overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani and the Kingdom of Hawaii

    Date - 1893President - Benjamin HarrisonOther Nations Involved - HawaiiEvent Description - American sugar planters in Hawaii overthrew Queen Lilioukalani while being led by Sanford Dole. A new government was created in Hawaii with Dole as its' president. The U.S uses the islands for building naval bases, for sugar and for other goods. Hawaii is still one of the 50 states.
  • Spanish-American War

    Date - 1898President - William McKinleyOther Nations Involved - SpainEvent Description - America declared war on Spain due to the sinking of Battleship Maine in Havana harbor in Feb. 1898. The Treaty of Paris ended the war, giving the U.S. control of Puerto Rico, Cuba, the Philippines Islands, and Guam. America wanted many islands to build more military bases throughout the surrounding oceans. All of the territory is still under U.S control except for the Philippines.
  • Treaty of Berlin

    Date - 1899President - William McKinleyOther Nations Involved - Great Britain and GermanyEvent Description - Britain and Germany sign the treaty with America that says that the Samoa islands are under German and British control.America still uses the territory for militia purposes and is still under U.S influence.
  • Phillipine-American War

    Date - 1901President - William McKinleyOther Nations Involved - PhilippinesEvent Description - Spain sold the Philippines along with many other islands to the U.S 1899. The U.S used the Philippines as an oversea empire while the Filipino people wanted independance. The war resulted in America winning, but the Philippines became an independant nation on July 4th, 1946.
  • Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty

    Date - 1903President - Theodore RooseveltOther Nations Involved - PanamaEvent Description - In return for money and protection, Panama agrees to let the U.S use the Panama Canal. The U.S gave Panama $10,000,000 while Panama gave America a ten mile strip of the canal. The strip is still owned by the U.S and is used as a shortcut through the ocean.
  • Purchase of St.Croix, St.John, and St. Thomas

    Date - 1917
    President - Woodrow Wilson
    Other Nations Involved - Denmark
    Event Description - During WWI, the U.S bought the Virgin Islands from Denmark for 25 million dollars in pure gold. America purchased the land in order to improve their military and their positions during the war. The land is still under U.S control, is run by the president and is housing for citizens of America.
  • League of Nations Mandate

    Date - 1949President - Harry S TrumanOther Nations Involved - JapanEvent Description - After Japan lost WWII, they were forced to give up the territory to the U.S. America wanted the land to enhance militia and create military bases. The territory is still under American posession, but each island is under different means of control. The islands are the Marshalls, the Marianas, and the Carolines.
  • Treaty of San Francisco

    Date - 1952President - Harry S TrumanOther Nations Involved - JapanEvent Description - The Treaty of San Francisco did not gain America any land, but freed many countries that were under Japanese power. Countries such as Antarctica and Korea and other islands such as Taiwan were no longer under the control of Japan. The U.S made an agreement for the other islands to be independant but to use them for military purposes.
  • Boundry Treaty of 1970

    Date - 1970President - Richard NixonOther Nations Involved - MexicoEvent Description - This treaty was made so that people in either country (the U.S and Mexico) knew how far to go in either country. The treaty settled the boundary disputes between the two countries involving the Rio Grande. The treaty is still intact today.