Robert hooke an English scientist invented the first microscope and examined wood from a cork tree todiscover little boxes which he then called cells.
1660's and 1670's Creation of Microscopes
Scientist concluded that life comes from a "vital force" which they belived created life.
Biological Findings in the past 400 Years
Biological discoveries and events in Earth's history
1668 Francesco Reddi
Discoverd how flys "spontaneouslly regenerate" from rotting meat using an open jar with meat inside and another closed and discoverd flys lay their eggs in the meat in the open jar creating maggots. Where in the other jar was closed and no maggots were created.
1768 Lazzaro Spallazani
Expiremented to see if microorganisms come from other microorganisms by doing what Redi did but with broth.
1865 Louis Pasteur
Pasteur did what Spallanzani did except his bottles of broth were open with curved necks so that air can reach the broth but microorganisms couldn't.
1920's Alexander I Oparin
Oparin hypothised how life was created on Earth by estamating the volumes and types of gases Earth had when it first formed and atmosphere.
1953 Stanley L Miller and Harold C Urey
Miller and Urey expirement with Oparin's theory and create amino acids, ATP and nuclotidesthe building blocks of life.
1964-1993 Sidney W Fox
Fox did extensive research on how cells were first created.
1966 Lynn Margulis
Created the theory of endodymboiyics, which is when microorganism engulfs another and both survive, from there they evelove over a course of millions of years.
1982 Thomas Cech
Cech is the first person to show that RNAmolules are not restricted to being the only carriers of genetic information.