Trail of TearsAround 3,000 Indians are rounded up and put into boats in the summer of 1838 and taken into Indian Territory. In the winter of 1838-1839, over 14,000 indians were marched over 1,200 miles through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas into rugged Indian Territory. Estimated 4,000 died from hunger, exposure and disease. It was known as "the trail where they cried". Which evolved into the trail of tears.
Trail of DeathPeople of the Patawatomi Tribe were forced from present day Indiana to Kansas which was some 660 miles away. Typhoid fever, stress, other illnesses, and the trail itself killed aroudn 40 of the 900 members of the tribe. The trail was a result of the Indian Removal Act of 1830.