Year 9 Timeline

By Anton6
  • European settlement

    European settlement
    eurropean settlment of the new world in the early 1600 captin cook foud Australia went back and then started sendning convicts over
  • James Cook

    James Cook
    The English navigator James Cook, possibly the greatest explorer of the 18th century, is known for his voyages to the Pacific Ocean and his application of scientific methods to exploration and to cartography. Born on Oct. 27, 1728, he was the son of a poor Scotsman who had settled in Yorkshire as an agricultural labourer. After a short time in a haberdasher's shop at Staithes, he became a bound apprentice to a Whitby ship owner, and spent several years in coasting and Baltic trade. He joined the
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  • Penal colony

    Penal colony
    A penal colony is a settlement used to exile prisoners and separate them from the general populace by placing them in a remote location, often an island or distant colonial territory. Although the term can be used to refer to a correctional facility located in a remote location it is more commonly used to refer to communities of prisoners overseen by wardens or governors having absolute authority.
  • The enlightenment

    The enlightenment
    Toward the middle of the eighteenth century a shift in thinking occurred. This shift is known as the Enlightenment. You have probably already heard of some important Enlightenment figures, like Rousseau, Diderot and Voltaire. It is helpful I think to think about the word "enlighten" here—the idea of shedding light on something, illuminating it, making it clear.
  • Impact of British settlement

    Impact of British settlement
    When the British came to Australia their concept of terra nullius which means nobody’s land meant that all the aboriginal people were sent to places British people had nothing to do with. This affected the everyday travel for the aboriginal people because everything had been fenced off. Many ATSI people got diseases like smallpox.
  • First Fleet

    First Fleet
    The First Fleet of 11 ships, each one no larger than a Manly ferry, left Portsmouth in 1787 with more than 1480 men, women and children on board. Although most were British, there were also African, American and French convicts. After a voyage of three months the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay on 24 January 1788. Here the Aboriginal people, who had lived in isolation for 40,000 years, met the British in an uneasy standoff at what is now known as Frenchman’s Beach at La Perouse.
  • The start of Australian football

    The start of Australian football
    In 1857, Tom Wills, one of the founders of Australian Football, returned to Australia after schooling in England where he was football captain of Rugby School and a brilliant cricketer. Initially, he advocated the winter game of football as a way of keeping cricketers fit during off-season.
  • The Ashes

    The Ashes
    The first tour of Australia, a privately-run affair led by HH Stephenson, took place in 1861-62 and, like many contests at that time, most matches were against odds. The idea of the tour was to make money and so games were arranged where returns were best. George Parr followed with a side that remained unbeaten throughout, and in 1868 Charles Lawrence, who toured with Stephenson, put together an Aboriginal side which played 47 matches in England and overcame the loss of one of their nu
  • Life in the trenches

    Death was a constant companion to those serving in the line, even when no attack was launched or defended against. Similarly, novices were cautioned against their natural inclination to peer over the parapet of the trench into No Man's Land.
    Many men died on their first day in the trenches as a consequence of a precisely aimed sniper's bullet. It has been estimated that up to one third of Allied casualties on the Western Front were actually sustained in the trenches
  • ATSI in WWI

    ATSI in WWI
    When the indigenous people were at the camp sights and out fighting they served in ordinary units with the same conditions and service as all the soldiers. Most of the indigenous got the same treatment and respect for the first time in their lives but when they returned home they got the same hate and discrimination as before.
  • The assasination of Ferdinand

    The assasination of Ferdinand
    What started the Great War (World War I) was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie. The assassination was on the June 28, 1914 while Ferdinand was in the city of Sarajevo in the Austro Hungarian province of Bosnia Herzegovina.
  • Early settlers

    Early settlers
    The life of a convict was very harsh. Many of the convicts sent to New South Wales were serving a 7 or 14 year sentence for crimes such as robbery. They were forced to work 10 hours each day