WW1 Events Timeline

  • The Nieuport 2

    The Nieuport 2
    The Nieuport 2 was a mono plane used by the French Fighters. This plane had an overall speed of 78 mph. This plane was used in a competition and was flown by Charles Weymenn. This plane was small but undoubtedly fast for its size. With its speed it made it a successful biplane in ww1 (Sherman, n.d.).
  • Balkan Wars

    Balkan Wars
    The Balkan Wars of 1912 and 1913 consisted of two conflicts. These conflicts deprived the Ottoman Empire of its territory in Europe. In the first conflict, the Balkan League defeated the Ottoman Empire by peace treaty.
  • Balkan Wars

    They lost the territories of Macedonia and Albania. The second conflict started after Greece, Serbia, and Romania, fought with Bulgaria over their joint conquest of Bulgaria. Bulgaria was eventually defeated with Macedonia's territory being divided up with the victorious countries (Balkan Wars Summary, n.d.).
  • Colt Machine gun

    Colt Machine gun
    The colt machine gun was operated by the Canadians. Canada had purchased 932 when WW1 had begun. Soldiers described the gun as a “potato digger”. They Gave it the name “potato digger” because it launched dirt when it fired. Soldiers would often saw off the tripod legs to decrease the weight of the weapon
    (Firearms - Colt Machine-Gun | Canada and the First World War, n.d.).
  • Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand

    Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
    The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand was what kicked off the start of WWI. Ferdinand was an heir to the throne of the Hungarian Empire. On June 28, 1914, a teenage Serbian revolutionary shot and killed Ferniand and this event was what ignited the spark to start WW1.
  • Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand

    The reason why he was assassinated was because he was perceived as a threat to Serbian independence. Upon hearing word that Ferdinand was visiting Bosnia for military Exercise 6 Bosnian boys began plotting an assassination on his arrival (Greenspan, 2014).
  • World War I begins

    World War I begins
    The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his Wife was what started the war. With Bosnia and Serbia resenting their foreign rule Archduke's visit gave Serbian dissidents a chance to strike back. Austria's response to the assassination was to ally with Germany and declare war on Serbia. Afraid that the sea routes would be affected by the World War Great Britain joined in the war against Germany and Austria.
  • World War 1 begins

    Alongside other countries joining the war later on. Soon each nation was categorized as Allies or Central power to determine size (World War I Begins - Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs - State of Delaware, n.d.).
  • Lusitania sinks

    Lusitania sinks
    The Lusitania was a swift-moving cruiseliner ship for the British. On May 7, 1915, a German U-boat targeted the ship and launched a torpedo, eventually sinking the ship. Out of the 1,959 people on the ship, 1195 people perished. Out of those people who died 123 of them were Americans
  • Lusitania sinks

    When this news hit the headliner or New York Times people saw this as a “blatant act of evil and transgression against the convention of war. The sinking solidified the American's point of view toward the Germans (The Lusitania Disaster | Articles & Essays | Newspaper Pictorials: World War I Rotogravures, 1914-1919 | Digital Collections, n.d.).
  • Battle of Verdun

    Battle of Verdun
    The Battle of Verdun is known to be one of the longest and bloodiest battles of WW1. Starting in February 10 to December 18 1916 the battle was over 10 months long. The French were tasked to defend the German offensive. At the end of this battle, the casualties were all the way to 400,00 French Casualties and 350,000 German casualties.
  • Battle of Verdun

    The reason why the battle took place in Verdon was because Verdon had been built into the most fortified stronghold alongside the border with Germany (Andrews, 2016).
  • Battle of Gallipoli, Somme

    Battle of Gallipoli, Somme
    The Battle of Somme was intended to achieve a victory on the western front over the German Army after 18 months in the trench deadlock. The Battle occurred from July 1 to November 18, 1916, and was a joint operation with the United States and the British.
  • Battle of Gallipoli, Somme

    In December 1915 commanders from the Allied forces met and discussed strategies and agreed to launch a joint attack in the area of the river Somme in the summer of 1916. The battle was a week-long bombardment of artillery from both sides. After the horrific cost and damages, it ended with an Allied victory (What Happened During The Battle Of The Somme?, n.d.).
  • British Mark 1 Tank

    British Mark 1 Tank
    The British mark 1 tank was the first ever tank to see combat. 150 units were made. These tanks were well equipped with a 57mm six pounder cannon. These tanks first saw battleon September 15, 1916 at the battle of Somme. Not long after more units were sent to Gaza seeing its first ever battle in the desert.(Mark I, n.d.)
  • Zimmermann Note

    Zimmermann Note
    The Zimmermann Note or Zimmermann Telegram was a coded message written by German foreign secretary Arthur Zimmermann sent to Mexico. This message was proposed for Mexico to join an alliance with Germany. This message was later to be intercepted by the U.S. and was later used as evidence to convince Congress to enter the war against Germany.
  • Zimmermann Note

    The threat that was contained in the telegram “inflamed public opinion against Germany”. A British cryptographer was able to decipher the telegram and waited to tell the U.S. and President Woodson Wilson in order to avoid detection of their intelligence by Germany (Zimmermann Telegram (1917) | National Archives, 2022).
  • Russian Revolution

    Russian Revolution
    The Russian Revolution of 1917 was an ending to Russia’s imperial rule and a new form of political and social change. This factor will eventually shape Russia's current civilization into the soviet Union. The cause of this revolution was attributed to many factors. The increase in population in Russia's major cities caused by the Industrial Revolution caused overcrowding and a new class of workers.
  • Russian Revolution

    Then there was a series of costly wars that created food shortages, and then there was the Russo-Japanese War which weakened Russia the the position as their ruler. Finally, the heavy loss of ships, soldiers, and money (Brodsky, 2009).
  • U.S. enters war

    U.S. enters war
    President Woodrow Wilson requested a declaration of war in Congress on April 2, 1917. President Woodrow Wilson explained how Germany broke its pledge to suspend unrestricted submarine warfare in the North Atlantic”. Then attempted to convince Mexico to ally with Germany and eventually attack the United States.
  • U.S. enters WW1

    On April 4, 1917, the Senators voted to support Wilson's declaration to join the fight against Germany. Then officially on December 7, 1917, the United States declared war on Germany and its allies (Milestones: 1914–1920 - Office of the Historian, n.d.).
  • Russia withdraws from war

    Russia withdraws from war
    The Russians withdrew from their participation in WW1 because of an upcoming revolution. Food shortages because of the economy made Women riot in the streets at St. Petersburg and weeks following Nicholas the 2nd was forced to give up his throne. Germany noticed this as an opportunity to end the war in the east with Russia.
  • Russia withdraws from WW1

    The Germans knew the Russian Bolsheviks had different points of view on the war and were willing to make peace so they knew they would withdraw from the war due to the Revolution and riots in Russia (Why Did Russia Withdraw From World War I?, 2016).
  • Battle of Chateau-Thierry

    Battle of Chateau-Thierry
    The Battle of Chateau Thierry consisted of two trenches that stretched out through Belgium and Northern France alongside the western edge of Germany. This was the first major battle involved with the United States in WW1. The Battle took place on May 31, 1918, and was part of the Battle of Marne. General Erich Ludendoff planned an attack to overwhelm the French defenders in Northern France to open up a path for the German Army.
  • Battle of Chateau-Thierry

    American Expeditionary Forces circled around to assist the French defenders to stop the German offense. In the aftermath of this battle, the Americans combined with the French suffered a total of 1,900 casualties and the Germans suffered over 5,300 casualties (Beck, 2017).
  • Battle of Argonne

    Battle of Argonne
    The Battle of Argonne was one of the largest offensives in U.S. History. There were over 1.2 million U.S. soldiers who were engaged in this battle. This battle lasted all the way up until Armistice Day.
  • Battle of Argonne

    The Narrator from AMBC secretary Max Cleland stated that “ the Americans faced their greatest challenge since arriving in theater”. In the Battle of Argonne, The Americans suffered over 26,000 lost lives and over 100,000 soldiers injured (This Day in History, September 26, 1918: The Meuse-Argonne Campaign Begins, n.d.).
  • Armistice of WWI

    Armistice of WWI
    The Armistice of WW1 was on November 11, 1918, after four years of dreadful fighting all weapons on the western front went silent. The peace between Germany and the Allies was the first step in ending WW1. How it started is when Germany approached the Allies in request of an Armistice.
  • Armistice of WW1

    The Commander in Chief Ferdinand Couch ensured that the German Army recommencing fighting would be impossible. The signing of the Armistice received many responses from many allied nations and those freed from the war. There were scenes of happiness and grief at the loss of loved ones (Armistice, n.d.).
  • The Treaty of Versailles signed

    The Treaty of Versailles signed
    The Treaty of Versailles was one of several treaties signed that would officially end the conflict of WWI. This treaty went over conditions between Germany and the Allies. It forced Germany and other Central Powers to take all the blame for WW1.
  • The Treaty of Versailles signed

    This would mean Germany would see a reduction in military size, a loss of their territories, and a payment to the allied powers. Some Historians thought it would benefit Germany's economic and political stability allowing the formation of their National Socialists (Nazis).
  • First meeting of the League of Nations

    The League of Nations was free to enter with the requirements of “any fully self-governing State, Dominion or Colony.” In total, there are 63 members of the organization (The League of Nations, n.d.).
  • First meeting of the League of Nations

    First meeting of the League of Nations
    The League of Nations was a worldwide organization with its main purpose to maintain world peace. The first meeting took place on November 15, 1920, which was when the organization also came into existence. The first meeting represented a large portion of the states and correlated with over 70% of the world population.