Ypres 1st battleAs part of the race to the sea between the british and germans, both armies tried to flank each other and in doing so, conflicted when they met in the middle
Franz Ferdinand AssassinatedGavrilo Princip, a Serbian rights activist managed to shoot Franz and his wife after his group of 6 other assassins all failed. If iit were not for Gavrilo buying sandwich, franz would still be alive after he returned to where the assassins had failed while Gavrilo sat in wait, eating
*Gavrilo shoots Franz from his motor car
Britain declares war on GermanyFollowing the request made by Britain Prime Minister said: "We have repeated the request made last week to the German Government that they should give us the same assurance in regard to Belgian neutrality that was given to us and Belgium by France last week. We have asked that it should be given before
*a man bearing the news of the war on the streets of britain
the brits being unhappy with this, declared war
Battle of MarneBanks of Marne River, France – Western Front
A costly battle for both sides, France recording 250,000 casualties and Germany recording 220,000
it was a significant win for the allied powers as it stopped the german plans to invade paris
*soldiers in the trenches on the western front
First trenches in the western frontThe western front was where the majority of conflict occured during ww1.
The trenches provided a place to eat, sleep and be protected from the enemy making them a nessessity.
Zepplin raid on BritainOn the morning of January 19th 1915 two German Zeppelin airships left for Britain. Both airships carried 30 hours of fuel, 8 bombs and 25 incendiary devices. they were instructed to attack all except for anywhere endangering the royal family
only 9 people were killed
*attack zepplin owned by germany
Poison GasPoison gas (chlorine) was used for the first time at the Second Battle of Ypres
the most feared weapon of the war used on the trenches during battle and even while battle had ceased.
*soldiers being choked and poisened to death on the battlefield
Gallipoli144,113 ally casualties and 195,000 turkish casualties.
It pproved to be the turk's greatest every victory at war.
it was the first time New Zealand and Australia had ever fought in a major war or conflict and is remembered as the most significant day in war history for those 2 countries
*ANZAC soldiers line the beaches
Germany started using submarines to sink british shipsAfter declaring the area around the british isles a warzone, germany proceeded to sink anything that floated in that vacinity.
Germany sank a shit called the 'lusitania" carrying over 100 US citizens, one of the reasons the US joined the allies.
*german submarine ready to be submerged
Italy joins the warAlthogh making themselves out as part of the central powers, Italy fought more against than with them due to britain and France promising them land in the "treaty of London"
*map of italy and neighbouring countries
Germany caotures Warsaw from the russiansDue to lack of supplioes, the russians were forced to abandon the defence of Warsaw allowing the Germans to take it over *Polish people flee to their homes as germany takes over their capital
Christmas truceAfter 4 months of blood, sweat and tears, both sides put their weapons down and embraced the spirit of christmas for a day. they ate, played sport, sang and drank together and countinued fighting the next day.
*enemies becoming friends for a day on christmas
Conscription in Britainconscription meant being forced to go to war by your government.
Dates of birth were drawn out randomly and if yours was drawn, you had no choice but to go unless you were a priest or a single parent
*provocative sign appealing the british MEN
battle of VerdunConsidered the greatest battle in history leaving 700,000 casualties over a battlefield of less than 10 square kilometers.
germany accepeted defeat to france but only after both parties had lost close to 350,000
*soldiers from both sides escaping to avoid joining the masses of death
Battle of Jutlandit was the battle of the seas for naval suprememy fought betweeen the british and the germans.
both parties claim to have won the high seas battle but although britain had by far the larger fleet, 6000 of their men perished.
*british and German ships take the fight to the high seas
US declares war on GermanyIn light of germany sinking the ship and killing american citizens, the US government supported going to war against them and joining the allied forces.
*front cover of the new york american newspaper
battle of Passchenaelefought in Belgium on the western front between the the germans and the british/french.
the b.e.f lost 310,000 while the germans lost 260,000 and saw the use of mustard gas on the allied forces causing burns.
*a lone soldier walks the battlefield through the carnage
Battle of Caporettofought in Slovenia on the Italian front.
300,000 Italian casualties were recorded at the hand of Austria/Hungary and the germans which reflected the state italy were in at the time, promting them to dismiss their prime minister.
*glum Italians walking back from the battle after their heavy loss
Second Battle of Marnefought on the Marne river in France- Western front, between the US, Italy, Britain and france against Germany.
It was a german disaster, leaving them with 168,000 casualties and while france lost almost 100,000 and Britain and the US losing over 10,000 each, the main result of the
battle was the German morale foreseeing their soon to be deaths.
*soldiers ducking for cover on the battlefield of the Western front
Allied forces break through german lines in FranceAfter 58 hours of bombarding the german lines in northern france, the allied forces managed to break the "hindenburg" line on the western front. ]
Leaving the allies much in favour of winning the war
*allies move up the lines in northern france
germany asks for an armasticeGermany, knowing full well they were doomed asked the allied forces to let them sign a document ceasing all war annd further loss of life *german and french leaders in the train carriage preparing the sign the armastice
Germany signs Armistice to end the warAt 5am in the morning the armstice was signed to end the fighting on the western front at 11 o'clock that day. *german leaders are presented with the documents to end the war in a train carriage
World peace conferencein paris, a meeting of the allied powers was held to discuss new treaties and reshaping the map of europe.
during the 6th months the conference was held, paris was the world's central governement as the leaders ceased the countinuation of empires and created new countries.
*world leaders gather from powerful countries in Paris