World War 1

  • Francis Ferdinand and wife are assassinated

    Francis Ferdinand and wife are assassinated
    Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand and wife, Sophie assassinated in Sarajevo by Serbian nationalist, Gavrillo Princip
  • Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia

    Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
    Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, effectively beginning the First World War. Austria declared war on Serbia because the assassination of Austrian Archduke Ferdinand by a Serbian national named Gavrillo Princip. Austria's war on Serbia was declared a month and a day after the successful assassination.
  • Germany declares war on Russia

    Germany declares war on Russia
    Germany declares war on Russia. Germany declared war on Russia because Russia refused to reply to its ultimatum or withdrawal of mobilization of troops.
  • Germany declares war on France

    Germany declares war on France
    Germany declares war on France because there was a series of mutual alliance. The Triple Entente (France, UK, Russia) and Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria, Italy) declared war on each other due to the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand.
  • United Kingdom declares war on Germany

    United Kingdom declares war on Germany
    United Kingdom declares war on Germany, after Germany invades Belgium
  • Britian declares war on Germany

    Britian declares war on Germany
    Britian declared war on Germany during World War One because Germans refused to withdraw from neutral Belgium. Sir Edward Grey, the then British foreign secretary, sent an ultimatum to Germany demanding their departure from Belgium but Germans defied the orders.
  • Period: to

    The Start of WW1

  • Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia and Serbia declares war on Russia

    Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia and Serbia declares war on Russia
    Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia during World War One after Serbia rejects the conditions of an ultimatum sent by Austria on July 23 following the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand.
  • U.S. President Woodrow Wilson announces the U.S. will remain neutral.

     U.S. President Woodrow Wilson announces the U.S. will remain neutral.
    U.S. President Woodrow Wilson announces the U.S. will remain neutral. When WW1 broke out in Europe, Woodrow Wilson announced that the United States would stay out of European affairs and remain neutral. He issued a policy by not taking sides.
  • The BEF started its retreat from Mons. Germany invaded France

    The BEF started its retreat from Mons. Germany invaded France
    The Battle of Mons was the first major action of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in the First World War. It was a subsidary action of the Battle of the Frontiers, in which the Allies clashed with Germany on the French borders.
  • The Battle of Tannenberg begins.

    The Battle of Tannenberg begins.
    Germans defeat Russians in Battle of Tannenberg on Eastern Front. The Battle of Tannenberg began because the Russian commander Grand Duke Nicholas agreed to help relieve the French who were under attack from Germany.
  • The First Battle of the Marne begins.

     The First Battle of the Marne begins.
    The First Battle of the Marne begins. Trench warfare begins as soldiers on both sides dig in. The Battle of the Marne was a First World War battle fought from 5-12 September 1914. It resulted im an Allied victory against the German Army under Chief of Staff Helmuth von Moltke the Younger.
  • Battle of Ypres begins.

    Battle of Ypres begins.
    The First Battle of Ypres, was a First World War battle fought for the strategically important town of Ypres in western Belgium in October and November 1914. The German and Western Allied attempts to secure the town from enemy occupation included a series of further battles in and around the West Flanders Belgian municipality.
  • United Kingdom North Sea is a military area

    United Kingdom North Sea is a military area
    The United Kingdom announces that the North Sea is a military area, effectively creating a blockade of goods into Germany.
  • The unofficial Christmas truce is declared.

    The unofficial Christmas truce is declared.
    The unofficial Christmas truce is declared. During WWI, on and around Christmas Day 1914, the sounds of rifles firing and shells exploding faded in a number of places along the Western Front in favor of holiday celebrations in the trenches and gestures of goodwill between enemies.
  • German submarine blockade of Great Britian begins

    German submarine blockade of Great Britian begins
    Germany declares a "war zone" around Great Britain, essentially effecting a submarine blockade where even neutral merchant vessels were to be potential targets.
  • The Dardanelles Campaign begins.

    The Dardanelles Campaign begins.
    In February 1915, during World War I, British and French forces launched an ill-fated naval attack on Turkish forces in the Dardanelles in northwestern Turkey, hoping to take control of the strategically vital strait seperating Europe from Asia.
  • Second Battle of Ypres

    Second Battle of Ypres
    The Second Battle of Ypres begins. It is during this battle that the Germans first use poison gas.
  • The Battle of Gallipoli begins

    The Battle of Gallipoli begins
    The Battle of Gallipoli begins. The Battle of Gallipoli was an unsuccessful attempt by the Allied Powers to control the sea route from Europe to Russia during World War I.
  • Italy declared war on Germany and Austria

    Italy declared war on Germany and Austria
    In WWI, Austria-Hungary, Germany and Italy remained neutral for a year and then declared war against Austria and Germany. But at the start of the war, Italy remained neutral for a year and then declared war against Austria and Germany. It was a part of the alliance, but betrayed its allies because France and Great Britian promised more land to Italy if it had joined western alliance. Italy has some territory dispute with Austria-Hungary Empire. Italians thought Austria was an easy target.
  • The Battle of Verdun begins

    The Battle of Verdun begins
    The Battle of Verdun begins. This battle was the longest battle of WW1 and one of the bloodiest. The Battle of Verdun was fought from February 21, 1916 to December 18, 1916 during the First World War on the Western Front between the German and French armies, on hills north of Verdun-sur-Meuse in north-eastern France.
  • The Battle of Jutland begins

    The Battle of Jutland begins
    The battle of Jutland, the major naval battle of the war begins. The Battle of Jutland is considered to be the only major naval battle of WWI. Jutland witnessed the British Navy losing more men and ships but the verdict of the Battle of Jutland was that the German Navy lost and was never in a position again to put to sea during the war.
  • The Battle of the Somme begins

    The Battle of the Somme begins
    The Battle of the Somme was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British and French empires against the German Empire. It took place between July 1 and November 18, 1916 on either side of the River Somme in France. The Battle was one of the largest of World War I, in which more than 1,000,000 men were wounded or killed, making it one of humanity's bloodiest battles.
  • Germany`s unrestricted submarine warfare campaign started.

    Germany`s unrestricted submarine warfare campaign started.
    Germany`s unrestricted submarine warfare campaign started. The use of unrestricte submarine warfare was announced by Germany on January 9th, 1917. The use of unrestricted submarine warfare was to have a major impact on World War One as it was one of the main reasons why the United States joined the war.
  • United States declares war on Germany

    United States declares war on Germany
    On April 6, 1917, the United States Congress declared war upon the German Empire; on April 2, President Woodrow Wilson had asked a special joint session of congress for this declaration.
  • The Battle of Passchendaele begins

    The Battle of Passchendaele begins
    The Battle of Passchendaele (also known as the Third Battle of Ypres) begins. The Battle of Passchendaele was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the British and their allies against the German Empire. The battle took place on the Western Front, between July and November 1917.
  • The Bolsheviks successfully overthrow the Russian government

    The Bolsheviks successfully overthrow the Russian government
    On November 7, 1917, Russia's Bolshevik Revolution took place as forces led by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin overthrew the provisional government of Alexander Kerensky.
  • The armistice agreed upon between the new Russian government and the Central Powers goes into effect

    The armistice agreed upon between the new Russian government and the Central Powers goes into effect
    The armistice agreed upon between the new Russian government and the Central Powers goes into effect
  • U.S. President Woodrow Wilson issues his Fourteen Points to peace

    U.S. President Woodrow Wilson issues his Fourteen Points to peace
    U.S. President Woodrow Wilson issues his Fourteen Points to peace. The Fourteen Points was a statement given on the 8th of January, 1918 by United States President Woodrow Wilson declaring that WWI was being fought for a moral cause and calling for postwar peace in Europe. The Fourteen Points in the speech were based on the research of the Inquiry.
  • Russia signs the Treaty of Brest Litovsk

    Russia signs the Treaty of Brest Litovsk
    Russia signs the Treaty of Brest Litovsk, which is a peace treaty between Russia and the Central Powers. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty on March 3, 1918, between the new Bolshevik government of Russia and the Central Powers, which ended Russia's participation in World War I. The treaty was signed at Brest-Litovsk after two months of negotiations. The treaty was forced on the Soviet government by the threat of further advances by German and Austrian forces.
  • Germany launches the Spring Offensive

    Germany launches the Spring Offensive
    The Spring Offensive was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during World War one, beginning on March 21 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.
  • The Second Battle of the Marne begins

    The Second Battle of the Marne begins
    The Second Battle of the Marne was the last major German Spring Offensive on the Western Front during the First World War. The German attack failed when an Allied counterattack led by French forces and including several hundred tanks overwhelmed the Germans on their right flank, inflicting severe casualties.
  • Fighting ends.

    Fighting ends.
    Germany signs the armistice at Compiegne, France. Fighting ends on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month (i.e. 11 a.m. on November 11). November 11th is now considered Rememberance day in Canada to respect the fearless soldiers who fought for our country. At 11 a.m. on November 11th, 1918 is when there was a moment of silence during the First World War which meant that the fighting has ended thus Rememberance day is now a federal holiday in Canada supporting the soldiers who fought.