Timeline created by gstenmark
In History
  • 100

    Roman Art 1

    Plutarch, writing in the 2nd century AD, wrote that before Rome's conquest of Greek Syracuse in Sicily, 'Rome neither had nor even knew of these refined things, nor was there in the city any love of what was charming and elegant; rather, it was full of barbaric weapons and bloody spoils.'
  • 117

    Roman Art 3

    Greek culture was not fully accepted until the reign of the Emperor Hadrian and his court (AD 117-38).
  • 130

    Roman Art 12

    13-9 BC: Ara Pacis (Altar of Peace), Rome - built by Emperor Augustus and comparable with aspects of the Parthenon.
  • 138

    Roman Art 4

    Original Greek statues were copied by Roman artists, though usually in marble rather than bronze, and removed from their original contexts. The portrait bust became a popular form, tending to be more realist than Greek portraiture.
  • 140

    Roman Art 13

    14 AD: Augustus Primaporta - named after the town where it was found, with the first Emperor of the Roman Empire pictured as divine ruler.
  • 146

    Roman Art 2

    As Greek treasures continued to arrive in Rome, for example after the sack of Corinth in 146 BC, Hellenistic art continued to exert a fascination on the more austere Romans.
  • 150

    Roman Art 13

    15 AD: Patrician with two portrait heads of his ancestors - the father-image spirit representative of ancestor worship.
  • 160

    Roman Art 11

    16 BC: Pont-Du-Gard, Nîmes, France - an aqueduct that is a worthy example of Roman engineering.
  • 290

    Roman Art 9

    Late 2nd century BC: Temple of Fortuna Virilis - one of the oldest well-preserved examples.
  • 500

    Roman Art 8

    In the Christian era of the late Empire, from 350-500 CE, wall painting, mosaic ceiling and floor work, and funerary sculpture thrived, while full-sized sculpture in the round and panel painting died out, most likely for religious reasons.
  • 509

    Roman Art 6

    The earliest Roman art is generally associated with the overthrow of the Etruscan kings and the establishment of the Republic in 509 BC. Roman art is traditionally divided into two main periods, art of the Republic and art of the Roman Empire (from 27 BC on), with subdivisions corresponding to the major emperors or imperial dynasties.
  • 550

    Roman Art 7

    The Greek antecedents of Roman art were legendary. In the mid-5th century BC., the most famous Greek artists were Polygnotos, noted for his wall murals, and Apollodoros, the originator of chiaroscuro.
  • 550

    Roman Art 10

    60 - 50 BC: Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii - the great frieze in one of the rooms is a unique example of Roman painting.
  • Sep 28, 720

    Roman Art 14

    72-80 AD: Colosseum, Rome - could accommodate 50 000 spectators and presents an anatomy of the Roman arch, incorporating three classical orders: Doric, Ionic and Corinthian.
  • Sep 28, 810

    Roman Art 15

    81 AD: Triumph of Titus - commemoration of the victories of the Emperor Titus.
  • Sep 28, 1000

    Roman Art 16

    100 AD: Alexander and Darius at the Battle of Issus - famous Pompeian mosaic.
  • Sep 28, 1060

    Roman Art 17

    106-113 AD: Column of Trajan- realistic treatment of space and famous for its great height.
  • Sep 28, 1180

    Roman Art 18

    118-125 AD: Pantheon, Rome - this temple to all the gods is one of the most influential buildings in history.
  • Roman Art 19

    161-180 AD: Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius - Life-sized bronze that remained on view throughout the Middle Ages.
  • ROMAN ART 20

    312-315 AD: Arch of Constantine - one of the most elaborate triumphal arches.