Vietnam War (1955-1975)

  • Ho Chi Minh

    Ho Chi Minh
    Ho Chi Minh was born in Central Vietnam. He led the Vietnamese nationalist movement for more than 3 decades, he fought against Japan, then the French colonial power, and then the United States backed South Vietnam. He served as President of North Vietnam from 1954 until he died
  • Ho Chi Minh

    Ho Chi Minh
    In 1911, Ho joined a French ship where he worked and travelled and was a founding member of the Communist Party.
  • Ho Chi Minh

    Ho Chi Minh
    Ho visited Moscow for training at a Comintern, an organization created to promote a worldwide revolution.
  • Ho Chi Minh

    Ho Chi Minh
    In 1930, he founded the Indo-Chinese Communist Party, he spent his days in the Soviet Union and China.
  • Ho Chi Minh

    Ho Chi Minh
    After Japan invaded Indo-China in 1941, Ho came home and founded Viet Minh, a Communist-dominated independence movement that would fight Japan. At the end of World War 2, Viet Minh declared the Vietnamese independence.
  • Henry Kissinger

    Henry Kissinger
    In 1943-1946, Kissinger served in the United States Army Counter Intelligence Corps and served as captain.
  • Henry Kissinger

    Henry Kissinger
    Henry Kissinger came to the United States in 1938 from Germany to become a United States citizen. He then became a citizen of the United States June 19, 1943.
  • Ho Chi Minh

    Ho Chi Minh
    The French refused and the war broke out in 1946. After 8 years of war, the French had to agree with peace talks with Geneva. Country then split into a Communist and non-communist south and then Ho became President of North Vietnam.
  • Geneva Accords of 1954

    Geneva Accords of 1954
    During the year of 1950, North Korea launched an invasion on the South, which then led to an international response
  • Geneva Accords of 1954

    Geneva Accords of 1954
    Korean War ended and the peninsula was divided
  • Geneva Accords of 1954

    Geneva Accords of 1954
    April of 1954, diplomats from the United States, Soviet Union, China, France, and Great Britain attended a conference in Geneva, Switzerland. The conference was held to discuss two other Cold War hotspots that were located in Berlin and Korea.
  • Geneva Accords of 1954

    Geneva Accords of 1954
    Paris announced they would withdrawl themselves from Indochina and French delegates told the Geneva conference they would dismantle the colonial administration in Vietnam within a year
  • Geneva Accords of 1954

    Geneva Accords of 1954
    During the year of 1954, Korea was occupied by Japan and after they withdrew, they divided into the 38th Parallel
  • Geneva Accords of 1954

    Geneva Accords of 1954
    In July of 1956, nationwide elections took place
  • Ho Chi Minh

    Ho Chi Minh
    In the early 1960s, the United States provided increased levels of support to South Vietnam, when they feared communism would spread. By 1965, large numbers of American troops arrived and fought against the major conflict.
  • Kennedy and Vietnam

    Kennedy and Vietnam
    In 1961, Kennedy thought that America should finance the size increase of the South Vietnamese Army from 150,000 to 170,000. Kennedy also thought that people should be sent to South Vietnam to train for the army.
  • Kennedy and Vietnam

    Kennedy and Vietnam
    By the end of 1962, 12,000 advisors were sent to South Vietnam. None of the agreements were made because of the arrangements made duing the Geneva Accords in 1954.
  • Kennedy and Vietnam

    Kennedy and Vietnam
    Kennedy wanted to overthrow the Diem government and a Buddhist monk committed suicide by burning himself to death.
  • Kennedy and Vietnam

    Kennedy and Vietnam
    Other Buddhist monks followed his example
  • Kennedy and Vietnam

    Kennedy and Vietnam
    November of 1963, Diem was overthrown and killed. President Kennedy was assassinated 3 weeks later.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    In the Spring of 1964, military planners developed a design that would have attacks planned on the North. President Johnson feared that the public would not support the expansion of the war.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    Summer of 1964, the rebel forces controlled nearly half of South Vietnam
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    United States destroyer, "Maddox," fired on North Vietnamese torpedo boats
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    The "Maddox" and another boat were both under attack
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    After the attacks on the boats, Johnson gathered congressional leaders and they thought of ways to prevent the Torpedo attack. When the information became available about the Tonkin incident, people would support Johnson and the expansion of the war.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    Congressional leaders approved of expanding the Vietnam War
  • Johnson and Vietnam

    Johnson and Vietnam
    The United States would not send troops over until November of 1964 until the presidential election was over. President Johnson won the 1964 election.
  • Johnson and Vietnam

    Johnson and Vietnam
    In early 1965, Johnson started "Operation Rolling Thunder."
  • Johnson and Vietnam

    Johnson and Vietnam
    United States marines and combat troops entered South Vietnam. In the 1968 election, Johnson did not stand for the election.
  • Naplam and Agent Orange

    Naplam and Agent Orange
    In 1965-1970, Agent Orange was used against Vietnamese people. In 1965-1972, United States troops used Naplam against their enemies in the Vietnam War. In 1965-1973, eight million tons of Naplam was dropped over Vietnam.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    During the fall of 1967, Communist launched a series of attacks on Central Vietnam, Loatian, and Cambodian frontiers.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    PAVN forces began a massive artillery bombardment of the United States Marine Garrison.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    Viet Cong forces attacked 13 cities in Central South Vietnam.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces launched Tet Offensive, series of attacks on South Vietnam. The 31st was the date they chose to launch the attacks.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    United States and ARVN Forces regained control of the city.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    President Johnson started to limit the bombing against North Vietnam.
  • Nixon and Vietnam

    Nixon and Vietnam
    In the 1968 election, Nixon wanted to end the war with Vietnam, however, it took 5 years to do so.
  • Vietnamization

    Vietnamization
    In 1969, President Nixon started Vietnamization that would end American involvement in the Vietnam War. United States had been sending troops to Vietnam since 1965 and 31,000 American troops have lost their lives.
  • Bombing of Cambodia

    Bombing of Cambodia
    North Vietnamese launched an offensive against American forces in South Vietnam in Cambodia.
  • Vietnamization

    Vietnamization
    President Nixon reduced the number of troops in Vietnam in stages ffrom 549,000 in 1969 to 69,000 in 1972. During this time, North Vietnamese people launched several offensives that would test Nixon and the Vietnamization strategy.
  • Henry Kissinger

    Henry Kissinger
    In 1969, Kissinger was an assistant to the President for National Security Affarirs, up until 1975.
  • Vietnamization

    Vietnamization
    United States Secretary of Defense, Melivn Laird, went to Vietnam and used the plan "Vietnamization."
  • Bombing of Cambodia

    Bombing of Cambodia
    The president ordered the United States military to bomb Cambodia.
  • Ho Chi Minh

    Ho Chi Minh
    Ho Chi Minh, died from poor health. In 1975, Communists took over South Vietnamese capital in Saigon and they renamed it in Ho Chi Minh's honor.
  • Vietnamization

    Vietnamization
    The President announced the new strategy against South Vietnam called, "Vietnamization."
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    Six years later, (1970), the resolution was terminated
  • Vietnamization

    Vietnamization
    April of 1970, the president secretly organized bombing campaigns and a ground invasion in Cambodia.
  • Nixon and Vietnam

    Nixon and Vietnam
    In April of 1970, Nixon destabilized the country.
  • Vietnamization

    Vietnamization
    In March of 1972, Easter Offensive showed how poor the South Vietnamese army is and its heavy reliance on United States air power to repel Communist attacks.
  • Nixon and Vietnam

    Nixon and Vietnam
    In Decemeber of 1972, the United States began a large scale bombing of North Vietnam.
  • Vietnamization

    Vietnamization
    Nixon administration negotiated with the North Vietnamese people on a Peace Treaty. United States negotiated a treaty with North Vietnam, American combat troops came back home and the process was complete.
  • Nixon and Vietnam

    Nixon and Vietnam
    The United States agreed to withdrawl from South Vietnam.
  • Henry Kissinger

    Henry Kissinger
    In 1973-1977, he was the 56th Secretary of State for the United States.
  • Vietnamization

    Vietnamization
    In 1975, South Vietnam fell to the Communist forces.