Vietnam War

By Msv6273
  • France invades Vietnam

    France invades Vietnam
    In 1882 the French decided to take over northern Vietnam which gives them complete control over the nation and it was renamed French Indochina, this rule lasted until the Japanese took over half a century later.
  • Japan invades Vietnam

    Japan invades Vietnam
    During World War ll the French retreated their troops from Indochina the Japanese took advantage of the opportunity and decided to take over Indochina to "protect" it for France.
  • Ho Chi Minh establishes the Viet Minh

    Ho Chi Minh establishes the Viet Minh
    Ho Chi Minh establishes the Viet Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam) which is the group of Vietnamese people who were tired of being ruled by other countries, Their goal was to overthrow the “French jackals” and “Japanese fascists".
  • The National Committee of Vietnam

    The National Committee of Vietnam
    1945- After the surrender of Japan to Allied forces in World War ll, Ho Chi Minh and his People's Congress create the National Liberation Committee of Vietnam to form a provisional government. Japan transfers all power to Ho's Vietminh.
  • First American Dies in Vietnam

    First American Dies in Vietnam
    Lt. Col. Peter Dewey, a U.S. Army officer was shot, Dewey was the head of a seven-man team sent to Vietnam to search for missing American pilots and to gather information on the situation in the country after the surrender of the Japanese.
  • The French and Vietminh Accord

    The French and Vietminh Accord
    French and Vietminh Reach Accord by the French troops replace Chinese in the North and France recognizes Vietnam as a "free state" within the French Union.
  • Indochina War Begins

    Indochina War Begins
    The Democratic Republic of Vietnam launches its first attack against the French which starts a fight for their freedom.
  • Elysee Agreement Signed

    Elysee Agreement Signed
    Bao Dai creates and signs the Élysée Agreement which creates Associated State of Vietnam and nominates himself as emperor but the French are still in control of the foreign affairs and the Armed forces.
  • The USA pledges money

    The USA pledges money
    The United States agrees to give $15 million worth of military help to France to help them fight in Vietnam.
  • "Domino Theory"

    "Domino Theory"
    Eisenhower justified his actions of his involvement in the Vietnam War with the "Domino Theory" which states that if the Communist win over Vietnam then the countries around them will fall one after the other like dominos in communist hands.
  • French are defeated at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    French are defeated at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu
    The French occupied the Dien Bien Phu Valley therefore the Viet Minh commander Vo Nguyen Giap, with the help of the Chinese, decided to bomb the French and drive them out.
  • The Geneva Accords

    The Geneva Accords
    As a result of the defeat of the French in the Dien Bien Phu Battle, The Geneva Accords was signed which formally stated that the French would no longer have control of Vietnam, but now the new Vietnam would have to come up with a new government which was the start of new conflicts within the country.
  • Diem Becomes President of Republic of Vietnam

    Diem Becomes President of Republic of Vietnam
    In the north, Ho Chi Minh and his communist supporters were in control. In the south the French had installed a nationalist government led by Bao Dai. After elections to unify the new country Diem defeats Bao Dai in rigged election and proclaims himself President of Republic of Vietnam.
  • NLF Formed

    NLF Formed
    The National Front for the Liberation of the South (NLF) is formed to fight for full support in the south for a communist nation, the NFL attacked US army installations in Vietnam. As a result President Lyndon B. Johnson sent half a million troops to fight against them.
  • Battle of Kienhoa

    Battle of Kienhoa
    Four hundred north Vietnamese guerrillas attack a village in kienhoa province, and are defeated by south Vietnamese troops, this lasted eight days.
  • Battle of Ap Bac

    Battle of Ap Bac
    1963- Battle of Ap Bac: About 2,500 troops of South Vietnam’s 7th Infantry Division–equipped with automatic weapons, armored amphibious personnel carriers, and supported by bombers and helicopters–failed to defeat a group of 300 guerrillas who escaped after inflicting heavy losses on the South Vietnamese.By the time the battle was over, the South Vietnamese suffered 80 killed and over 100 wounded in action.
  • Diem is Overthrown and killed

    Diem is Overthrown and killed
    President Ngo Dinh Diem and his brother are captured and killed by a group of soldiers. The death of Diem caused celebration for the people in South Vietnam, but also lead to political chaos in the nation. The United States became more involved in Vietnam by stabilizing the Southern Vietnamese government and fighting against the communist rebels.
  • President Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas

    President Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas
    President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas Texas by Lee Harvey Oswald. The press reported setbacks and abuses in Vietnam, and portrayed the defeat of the Communist Tet offensive as a victory. The Kennedy assassination resulted in a more liberal Democratic Party.
  • The Gulf of Tonkin Incident

    The Gulf of Tonkin Incident
    North Vietnamese attack two U.S. destroyers sitting in international waters. The North Vietnamese attacked U.S. ships in the Gulf of Tonkin on August 2 and on August 4 but the second attack never happened. Later on they discovered that the radars were malfunctioning which made it seem like there was a second attack.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    The senate and congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which authorized President Lyndon B. Johnson to take, "all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression.”
  • Operation Rolling Thunder

    Operation Rolling Thunder
    A sustained U.S. aerial bombing campaign of North Vietnam begins. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorized Operation Rolling Thunder which was a series of aerial bombings in North Vietnam which lasted until October 31, 1968.
  • Battle of Khe Sanh

    Battle of Khe Sanh
    The Battle of Khe Sanh began on January 21, 1968, when forces from the People's Army of North Vietnam (PAVN) carried out a massive artillery bombardment on the U.S. Marine garrison at Khe Sanh, located in northwest South Vietnam near the Laotian border.
  • The Tet Offensive

    The Tet Offensive
    70,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces launched the Tet Offensive (named for the lunar new year holiday called Tet), a coordinated series of fierce attacks on more than 100 cities and towns in South Vietnam which ended on March 28, 1968.
  • Stockholm Conference

    Stockholm Conference
    The participants at the Stockholm Conference vote in support of the Vietnamese efforts to win against the United States government. The Vietnamese specifically seek support for their ten point proposal which they were pushing at the Paris peace talks.
  • Cooper-Church Amendment

    Cooper-Church Amendment
    In October Nixon announces a plan for a cease fire and announces that a further 40,000 American troops will be withdrawn from South Vietnam by the end of the year. As a result of the craziness of the war the Senate votes to revoke the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, and invoke the Cooper-Church amendment which does not allow the administration to engage in warlike acts without the approval of congress.
  • Christmas Bombing

    Christmas Bombing
    The peace arrangements between Vietnam and the U.S. became undone because of the changes Vietnam wanted to make, therefore President Nixon initiates the "Christmas bombing" on North Vietnam to send a message.
  • Paris Peace Accord

    Paris Peace Accord
    The United States, South Vietnam, Viet Cong, and North Vietnam met in Paris, France to sign two separate documents, one for the north and another for the south, to agree to end the war.
  • Nixon's Resignation

    Nixon's Resignation
    Nixon resigns as a result of Watergate, and is replaced by Gerald Ford. Ford immediately pardons Nixon for “any and all” crimes he may have committed while in office.
  • The war is over for the U.S.

    The war is over for the U.S.
    Ford Calls Vietnam War "Finished" at the speech at Tulane University, President Gerald Ford says the Vietnam War is finished as far as the United States is concerned.
  • The merge of North and South Vietnam

    The merge of North and South Vietnam
    With the fall of Saigon to North Vietnamese forces in April 30, 1975, political authority in South Vietnam was taken over by the Communist Republic of South Vietnam. This government merged with North Vietnam on July 2, 1976, and created a single nation called the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.