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US2012-Semester 1-Trivunovic

  • Missouri Compromise of 1820

    Missouri Compromise of 1820
    The Missouri Compromise was signed which said Missouri would be slave except above 36 degress 30 North longitude would be totally free.
  • First Telegraph Message

    First Telegraph Message
    Samuel Morse's telegraph sends first message from Washington D.C. to Baltimore Maryland. The message said "What hath God wrought?"
  • Sewing Machine Patented

    Sewing Machine Patented
    Elias Howe's sewing machine's patented. This invention revolutionizes the way clothes are made in homes and in factories.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    California comes in as a free state. The remaining territory's status of free or slave would be decided by a popular vote of people in the territioy. This compromise undid the Missouri Compromise.
  • African - Americans Riot

    African - Americans Riot
    In Christiana, Pennsylvania a small band of african -americans protected a few fugitive slaves from their owners. Northern white bystanders refused to assist the southern slave hunters and even after the slave owner was killed the white jury refused to prosecute the african - americans
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin Published

    Uncle Tom's Cabin Published
    Uncle Tom's Cabin published in the United States written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. This book was the first anti - slavery book that wrote about slavery first hand. It sold 300,000 copies in its first year.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    This act allowed the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to be voted on the fact whether they would enter the Union as a free or slave state.
  • Proslavery Activists Attack Lawrence, Kansas

    Proslavery Activists Attack Lawrence, Kansas
    The free town Lawrence, Kansas was attact by proslavery forces. They looted homes, burned down the hotel, and destroyed the presses of The Kansas Free State newspaper.
  • John Brown Raids Pottawatomie

    John Brown Raids Pottawatomie
    John Brown takes his sons and a couple of fellow abolitionists conduct a midnight raid upon Pottawatomie, Kansas. Brutally murdered 5 proslavery settlers.
  • Elisha Otis Installs First Safety Elevator

    Elisha Otis Installs First Safety Elevator
    Elisha Otis installs the first safety elevator. The invention consists of hooks on the sides of the shaft and when the cable breaks the elevator would snap open the sides to catch the elevator. Install at 488 Broadway, New York City.
  • First Macy's Opened

    First Macy's Opened
    Rowland H. Macy opened a department store in New York. It became the largest single store in America. It used widespread avertising, a cariety of goods organized into "departments", and high - quality items at fair prices.
  • First Oil Well

    First Oil Well
    Edwin Drake drilled what would become the world's first oil well in Titusvilled, Pennsylvannia.
  • John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry

    John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry
    John Brown and a small band of followers seized the federal aresenal at Harpers Ferry, which had 300 blacks in the town, 150 free and 150 enslaved. John Brown hoped to ignite a rebellion with the blacks there but the raid ended October 18, when John Brown was held up inside a barn and U.S. Marines forced him out.
  • South Carolina Secedes

    South Carolina Secedes
    As soon as Lincoln's victory is confirmed South Carolina holds a convention and secedes from the Union because they will not have a president who opposed slavery.
  • Southern Ships Attack Northern Supply Ship

    Southern Ships Attack Northern Supply Ship
    The Star of the West, set sail Jan. 5, was fired upon entering the Charleston Bay. It was an unarmed ship that contained supplies and 250 recruits to the Fort. The ship was forced to flee. This pushed tensions between the North and South to the breaking point.
  • Abraham Lincoln Inaugurated

    Abraham Lincoln Inaugurated
    Abraham Lincoln won the crucial election of 1860 rising victor over Stephen Douglas, John Bell, and John Breckingridge. Lincoln's election causes many repurcussions.
  • Confederate Sates of America Formed

    Confederate Sates of America Formed
    The constitution for the Confederate States of America was officially put into effect marking the southern states seceding from the Union.
  • Siege of Fort Sumter

    Siege of Fort Sumter
    After Confederate ships demand Fort Sumter's surrender and they refuse. The Confederate warships open fire starting a 34 hour bombardment until Fort Sumter runs out of ammunition and is forced to surrender. This event was the breaking point.
  • Lincoln Declares Insurrection

    Lincoln Declares Insurrection
    President Abraham Lincoln declares insurrection and calls for 75,000 troops to from an army to preserve the Union.
  • Battle of Bull Run

    Battle of Bull Run
    The Battle of Bull Run was the first actual conflict in the Civil War and was a great awakening for the North because it made them realized this was going to be a long, and bloody war. The battle ended on July, 21st 1861 with a Confederate Victory.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This document officialy made the Civil War about slavery as supposed to the Union. The proclamation frees all slaves in the rebelling states only.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    General Ulsses S. Grant takes control of the town Vicksburg, Mississippi. This town was crucial because it split the Confederacy in two and weakened them as a whole.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    One of the bloodiest but pivotal battles of the Civil War. The Union was pushed into its own soil where they emerged victorious changing to tide of the war and keeping the Confederacy on their heels as the Union would start to push them back.
  • Draft Law of 1863

    Draft Law of 1863
    Congress enacted a draft for the Civil War calling for any and all able bodied men between the ages of 20 to 45. Riots break out, and President Lincoln suspends habeas corpus.
  • Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea
    General William T. Sherman led 60,000 Union troops on a destructive 400 mile march through Georgia and South Carolina using the tactics of total war, destroying crops, burning factories, and severing majoy supply lines for the Confederate Army. The march ended on December 22, 1864.
  • Abraham Lincoln Assassinated

    Abraham Lincoln Assassinated
    John Wilkes Booth shot Abraham Lincoln in the Peterson House. Lincoln's vice president Andrew Johnson fortunately shared the same views that Lincoln did and passed laws and amendments as Lincoln would have.
  • Lee Surrenders to Grant

    Lee Surrenders to Grant
    General Robert E. Lee of the Confederate Army surrenders to General Ulysses S. Grant in the small Virginia town of Appotamattox, in the town's courthouse. This marks the end of the Civil War.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    Thirteenth Amendment
    The thirteenth amendment outlawed slavery in all of the U.S. This was the goal of President Lincoln and serves as a huge turning point for the nation.
  • Ragged Dick, or Street Life in New York Published

    Ragged Dick, or Street Life in New York Published
    Horatio Alger published his first novel Ragged Dick, or Street Life in New York. The book tells the story of a young boy that goes from rags to riches.
  • Fourteenth Amendment

    Fourteenth Amendment
    This amendment granted full citizenship to any person that is born within the borders of the United States of America. Including African - Americans.
  • Knights of Labor Established

    Knights of Labor Established
    Uriah Smth Stephens founded a labor union called the Knights of Labor. This labor union included all workers of any trade, skilled or unskilled in this union.
  • Fifteenth Amendment

    Fifteenth Amendment
    This amendment evened the imbalance and gave black men the right to vote.
  • Great Chicago Fire

    Great Chicago Fire
    On this day in the O'Leary barn a cow knocked down a lantern thus setting the barn on fire and because of the dry conditions and low precipitation, and abundant fuel from all the wood buildings the Chicago Fire destroyed Chicago and killed 200 to 300 people and leaving 100,000 homeless.
  • Menlo Park Research Facility

    Menlo Park Research Facility
    Thomas Edison supported by J.P. Morgan established resaerch laboratory at Menlo Park, New Jersey.
  • Election of 1876

    Election of 1876
    Rutherford B. Hayes won this election by electoral votes even though Samuel Tillden won by popular vote. This election dissolved reconstruction.
  • Edison Electric Lamp Patented

    Edison Electric Lamp Patented
    Thomas Edison patented his electric lamp in America. This revolutionized cities, factories, and homes. Switched from dangerous and innefficient candle light.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    As a result of heavy discrimination and prejudice towards chinese laborers. This act prohibited immigration of Chinese workers, limited the civil rights and forbade the naturalization of Chinese residents.
  • Haymarket Square Riot

    Haymarket Square Riot
    Thousands of workers mounted a national demonstration for an 8 hour work day in Haymarket Square in Chicago, IL. Violence eventually broke out when a protester threw a bomb. Americans grow weary of labor unions and the Knights of Labor were blamed for the riot.
  • American Federation of Labor Founded

    American Federation of Labor Founded
    Samuel Gompers, a poor english immigrant, founded the American Federation of Labor. Unlike the Knights of Labor, the AFL only included craft workers.
  • Interstate Commerce Commision Established

    Interstate Commerce Commision Established
    The United States Senate passed the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) to oversee railroad operations. The ICC could only regulate railroads that crossed state lines.
  • First Successful Streecar

    First Successful Streecar
    In Richmond, Virginia the first successful streetcar system was implemented with electric cables powering these primitive buses. This introduced mass transit.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    The U.S. Senate passed the Sheran Antitrust Act, this act outlawed any trust that operated "in restraintof trade or commerce among the several states."
  • Ellis Island Established

    Ellis Island Established
    On this day Ellis island was officialy opened to process european immigrants coming to America. They only denied about 2% of incoming immigrants.
  • Homestead Strike

    Homestead Strike
    Econonimic depression lead to cut in steel worker's wages at a Carnegie Steel Plant.Carnegie's business partner, Henry Frick called in the Pinkertons, a private security force, to deal with the rioters. Violence ensued and public opinion associated violence with unions and unions lost power throughout the country.
  • Pullman Strike

    Pullman Strike
    Pullman palace car company laid off workers and reduced wages by 25%. Workers tried negotiating, but they were fired. Eugene V. Debs organized the uinion and called for a nationwide strike, halting all railroad traffic and mail delivery. President Grover Cleveland sent in federal troops, thus ending the strike.
  • First Subway System

    First Subway System
    In Boston, Massachussetts, the first subway was implemented, New York followed in 1904. The subway was simple the streetcars being run underground in tunnels.
  • Angel Island Opened

    Angel Island Opened
    Unlike Ellis Island, Angel Island was located outside San Francisco bay and processed Chinese and Asian immigrants. Since the Chinese immigrant population was booming the immigration officials started to make the immigrants prove they were American Citizens or related to an American Citizen.