US History Timeline

  • Eli Whitney

    Eli Whitney
    -American Inventor
    -invented cotton gin
    -automated seed separation and made profit for South
    -was the key invention of the Industrial Revolution
  • Period: to


    -movement to end slavery
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    -France sold the US the Louisiana territory for $15 million, or about 4 cents per acre
    - 828,000 square miles
    -from Mississippi River to beginning of Rocky Mountains
    -considered the greatest real etate purchase in history
    -current states that were included: Arkansas, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming
  • Lewis and Clark

    Lewis and Clark
    -expedition across the Louisiana territory
    -faced unknown people, harsh conditions, and unexplored lands
    -mapped out the lands
    -described some of the natural wonders
    -encountered people of the Western North America
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    -to keep balance of power in Congress between slave/ free states
    -Missouri was made slave state and Maine was made free
    -prohibited slavery in the Louisiana Territory north of the 36° 30´ latitude line
    -later repealed by Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    -by President James Monroe to Congress
    -warned European powers not to interfere with the affairs of the Western Hemisphere
    -invoked in 1865
  • Erie Canal

    Erie Canal
    -proposed in 1808
    -finished in 1825
    -links waters in Lake Erie in the west to the Hudson River in the east
    -some called it the Eighth Wonder of the World because it was an engineering marvel for the time period
    -in New York- stretches for 363 miles
  • William Lloyd Garrison

    William Lloyd Garrison
    -American Abolitionist
    -editor of the abolitionist newspaper
    -a founder of the American Anti-Slavery Society
    -thought Union should end; slave states and free states shold be seoarated
  • Grimke Sisters

    Grimke Sisters
    -grew up in a family with slaves, but they did not agree with slavery
    -involved in womens rights
    -spoke and wrote agains slavery
    -known as very brave at young ages
  • Nat Turner

    Nat Turner
    • American slave -led slave rebellion with 60 white deaths and 100+ black deaths -later convicted and hanged -a couple hundred blacks were tortured for being a part of his rebellion -new laws were passed further prohibiting the rights of blacks
  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
    -formal suspension by a state of a federal law within its borders
    -many states threatened to secede if they were forced to pay certain taxes
    -reated by South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification
  • Period: to

    Manifest Destiny

    -figure was the "Columbia"
    -the widely held belief that American settlers were meant to settle and expand across the continent
  • Wilmot Proviso

    Wilmot Proviso
    -amendment to the bill stipulating that none of the territory acquired in the Mexican War should be open to slavery
    -house passed it, but Senate did not
    -created tension between north and south states
    -later it was accepted by Republican Party
  • Stonewall Jackson

    Stonewall Jackson
    -participated in the siege of Veracruz
    -During the war in Mexicohe met Robert E. Lee
    - Considered a war hero
    -fought in the first battle of Bull Run in 1861
    -General Barnard E. Bee, said, "There is Jackson standing like a stone wall."
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    Elizabeth Cady Stanton
    -played a large role in the women's rights movement
    -she took the lead in seeing that women got the right to vote
    -wrote and lectured on womens rights
    -worked to abolish slavery
  • Seneca Falls Conference

    Seneca Falls Conference
    -beginning of women's rights movement
    -women were not able to speack at this conference, so they wrote a document about the rights they wanted for women
  • Dred Scott case

    Dred Scott case
    -Dred Scott v. Sanford
    -Dred Scott was a slave who had lived in the free states of Illinois and Wisconsin before moving back to the slave state of Missouri.
    -He had appealed to the Supreme Court in hopes of being granted his freedom.
    -The Supreme Court denied them their freedom
  • John D. Rockerfeller

    John D. Rockerfeller
    -Standard Oil Company Founder
    -First great standard business trust
    -Lots of money/very rich
  • John Brown's Raid

    John Brown's Raid
    -He led 21 men on a raid of the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.
    -He planned to arm slaves with the weopns the stole from the arsenal.
    -however, militiamen , farmers and marines led by Robert E. Lee killed and captured most of the men
  • Jefferson Davis

    Jefferson Davis
    -Mexican War hero
    -U.S. senator from Mississippi
    -U.S. secretary of war and president of the Confederate States
    - February 1861 he was elected president of the Confederacy -- May 1865, Davis was captured, imprisoned and charged with treason
  • Abraham Lincoln

    Abraham Lincoln
    -Became president in 1861
    - A bloody civil war broke out during his term and he vowed to preserve the union.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    -Anderson moved his command to Fort Sumter
    -March 4, 1861, Anderson reported that he had only a six week supply of food left in the fort
    -Confederate batteries opened fire on Fort Sumter and continued for 34 hours
  • William T. Sherman

    William T. Sherman
    -The most widely renowned of the Union’s military leaders next to U. S. Grant
    -He launched a campaign in Georgia that was defined as “modern warfare”
    -captured Atlanta on September 2, 1864
  • Ulysses S. Grant

    Ulysses S. Grant
    February 1862 took control of Fort Henry
    April 1862 fought in the battle of Shiloh
    Became a general in March 1864
    President from 1869-1877
  • Robert E. Lee

    Robert E. Lee
    • Fought in the battle of Antietam
    • Great military general
  • Antietam

    -Union corps mounted a powerful assault on Lee’s left flank that began the Battle of Antietam, and the single bloodiest day in American military history.
    -The Battle of Antietam is considered a draw from a military point of view
  • Emancipation Proclomation

    Emancipation Proclomation
    • The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free." -President Abraham Lincoln issued it as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war
  • Vicksburg

    -Armies converged on Vicksburg, investing the city and entrapping a Confederate army
    -On July 4, Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations.
  • Gettysburg

    -The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincolnat the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, four months after the Union armies defeated the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.
  • Frederick Douglass

    Frederick Douglass
    -American social reformer, orator, writer and statesman
    -was able to escape from slavery
    -helps with underground railroad
    -lectures on womens rigthts and reforms
    -works with President Lincoln
  • Battle for Atlanta

    Battle for Atlanta
    -Hood withdrew his main army at night from Atlanta’ s outer line to the inner line, enticing Sherman to follow
    -McPherson was concerned about his left flank and sent his reservesto that location.
    -he Rebel attack stalled on the Union rear but began to roll up the left flank. Around the same time, a Confederate soldier shot and killed McPherson
    -The Union troops held, and Hood suffered high casualties.
  • Andrew Johnson

    Andrew Johnson
    -17th US president
    -Serve from 1865 to 1869
    -Lincoln's vice president
    -Lincoln was assassinated
    -Became new president
    -Tried to fix country after civil war
    -Vetoed Reconstruction acts
    -"Allowed" black codes
    -Said to be racist
    -Was impeached
    -Very disliked by everyone
  • 13th Ammendment

    13th Ammendment
    -Abolished slavery in the United States
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    -equal protection of laws
    -civil rights to all Americans
    -liberty or property
    -due process of law
  • John D. Rockefeller

    -Founded Standard Oil Company
    -Became very rich because petroleum importance went up
    -Foundations to help people
    -Medicine, education, science, church

    -Founded University of Chicago, Rockefeller University, Central Philippine University
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    -granted African American men right to vote
  • Sitting Bull

    Sitting Bull
    -Húŋkpapȟa Lakota Sioux holy man
    -Troubles with the expanding Amerian territory
    -Honerable warrior
    -Defended his land from American Forces
    -Led successful battle against American forces in the battle of RossBud
    -Battle of Littlehorn
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    -Radical caste sytem
    -Anti-black laws
    -Segregation wanted by whites
    -Blacks were inferior to whites
    -Christian leaders sadi that God supported the segregation of blacks and whites. They said that whites where the 'chosen ones' and blacks were cursed to be servants.
    -These law codes were put into effect in public places, transportation, and every other aspect of life.
  • Thomas Edison

    Thomas Edison
    -Great inventor
    -Light Bulb
    -Motion Picture
    -Vote counter
  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877
    -Informal/not written
    -Republic and Democrats of Congress agree to
    1.Remove all federal troops from the southern states.
    2.Appointment of at least one southern Democrat into Hayes's Administration.
    3.Construction of a second transcontinental railroad in the South called the Texas and Pacific.
    4.Legislation enacted to help industrialize the South.
    (1-4 from
  • Ida Tarbell

    Ida Tarbell
    -America's first woman journalist
    -Wrote the History of the Standard Oil Company
    -Describes Rockefeller's oil industry
  • Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882

    Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
    -Law that banned Chinese immigration
    -Gold rush caused Chinese immigration to increase greatly
    -Chester A. Aurther signed for the law
    -Supposed to last 10 years
    -Was repealed
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    -repealed the Missouri Compromise -allowed popular sovereignty to decide slavery vs. anti slavery in Kansas and Nebraska
  • Samuel Gompers

    Samuel Gompers
    -Cigar making family
    -President of the Cigar Makers' International Union (CMIU)
    -Wanted to make Union force strong enough to change economy
    -Issues: wages, benefits, hours, and working conditions
  • American Federation of Labor

    American Federation of Labor
    -First permanent national labor movement
    -Confederation of labor unions
    -Samuel Gompers leads it
    -Congress of Industial Organizations was enemy
  • Wounded Knee

    Wounded Knee
    -Site of two conflicts
    -Between Amercian government and American Indians
    -Final disagreement between Sioux and American government
    -150 Native Americans dead
  • Ellis Island

    Ellis Island
    -Gateway for immigrants
    -12 million immigrants processed
    -Usually took 3-7 hours
    -New York Harbor
    -Immigration act of 1891 controlled people entering US
  • 1894 Pullman Strike

    1894 Pullman Strike
    -Pullman Palace Car Company wanted higher wages
    -They went on strike
    -Appealed for support from American Railway Union (ARU)
    -ARU said they would not work on any trains that had Pullman Cars
    -Railroad traffic was slowed natiowide
    -Unions came into play stronger
  • Plessy VS. Ferguson

    Plessy VS. Ferguson
    -Required separate cars for blacks and whites on trains
    -Plessy was 1/8th black
    -Accused of sitting in a 'White' seat and arrested
    -Plessy accused judge of not following the 14th amendment
    -Judge name was Fergusons
    -"Separate but equal"
  • Upton Sinclair's The Jungle

    Upton Sinclair's The Jungle
    -Upton Sinclair grew up poor
    -Describes meat packing industry
    -distrubing information about oor sanitation and packaging
    -Rats in meat
    -Guts dropped on floor and swept into 'potted ham'
    -Diseased meat, ect.
    -Resulted in federal inspection of meat