US History: 1877-2008

Timeline created by BMarieSevillano
In History
  • Period: to

    Early American History

  • Declaration of Independence

  • Constitution Written

  • Bill of Rights Ratified

  • Period: to

    Civil War/Reconstruction

  • Homestead Act

    Provided 160 acres to anyone willing to settle on land in the west
  • 13th Amendment

    Abolished slavery
  • 14th Amendment

    Citizenship and due process
  • 15th Amendment

    Voting for all male citizens
  • Telephone Invented by Alexander Graham Bell

  • Period: to

    The Gilded Age

  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Prohibited immigration of skilled or unskilled Chinese laborers, first US national immigration act
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act

    Awarded government jobs based on merit
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Ensure railroads set "reasonable and just" rate and the first time government stepped in to regulate business
  • Dawes Act

    Gave individual ownership of land to native americans instead of the tribe owning things collectively
  • Hull House Founded

    First of many settlement houses
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Outlawed business monopolies
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    Outlawed trusts to promote economic fairness
  • Period: to

    The Progressive Era

  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

  • Period: to

    Klondike Gold Rush (Alaska)

  • Plessy vs Ferguson

    Legalize segregation, establishes "separate but equal"
  • USS Maine explodes off the coast of Cuba, starting the Spanish American War

  • Hawaii is annexed as a territory of the United States

  • Period: to

    Imperialism

    Theodore Roosevelt - 26th president; Safe food regulations, Panama Canal, Negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War
    Rough Riders - Teddy Roosevelt's troop during the Spanish-American War
    Foreign Policy - a policy pursued by a nation in its dealings with other nations designed to achieve national objectives
    Immigration Quotas - A quota (necessity) in order to immigrate to a country
    Yellow Journalism - Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to attract readers
  • Open Door Policy

    initiated free trade with China
  • Roosevelt Corollary

    an addition to the Monroe Doctrine
  • Period: to

    Panama Canal Built

  • The Jungle by Upton Sinclair is published

  • Meat Inspection Act

    Law that makes it illegal to adulterate or misbrand meat
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    Regulation of the preparation of foods and the sale of medicines
  • NAACP Founded

  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Taft's policy of paying for peace in Latin America
  • 16th Amendment

    Established the federal income tax
  • 17th Amendment

    Direct election of U.S. Senators
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Established the Federal Reserve, which helped stabilize the banking industry
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated, starting World War I

  • Period: to

    World War I

    Alvin York - American war hero
    Homefront - the endeavors done in a a country to support the war effort
    M.A.I.N - Militarism, Alliance System, Imperialism, Nationalism
    Sussex Pledge - pledge by the German government to have submarines warn ships before attacking
    American Expeditionary Forces - the United States Armed Forces sent to Europe under the command of General John J. Pershing
  • Sinking of Lusitania

  • National Parks System created

  • Zimmerman Telegram intercepted by the British, warned the US of a proposed ally between Mexico and Germany

  • The United States enters WWI on the Allied side

  • Bolshevik Revolution in Russia begins, causing Russian troops to exit the war

  • Battle of Argonne Forest, considered the turning point of the war

  • Germany surrenders to the Allied Powers

  • President Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points

    statement of principles for peace after World War I, included no colonialism, freedom of the seas and a League of Nations
  • Treaty of Versailles

    peace treaty that ended World War I, required Germany to accept full blame and pay war reparations as well as demilitarize
  • 18th Amendment

    prohibition is enacted and alcohol is illegal
  • Period: to

    Roaring Twenties

    Social Darwinism - the belief that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle
    The Red Scare - period of anti communist hysteria; fear that bolshevik revolution would erupt in the US
    Assembly Line - a manufacturing process invented by Henry Ford with interchangeable parts
    Return to Normalcy - A return to the way of life before World War I, (Warren G. Harding: campaign promise)
    Harlem Renaissance - an African American cultural movement
  • 19th Amendment

    women are given the right to vote
  • Teapot Dome Scandal uncovered by the Wall Street Journal

  • American Indian Citizenship Act

    granted citizenship to any Native Americans born within the United States
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

  • Charles Lindbergh makes history by making a nonstop solo flight from New York to Paris

  • Stock Market Crash

  • Period: to

    Great Depression

    Hoovervilles - Named after Herbert Hoover (president), they were a shanty town built by the homeless
    The New Deal - A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration
    Causes of the Great Depression - Buying on credit, Stock Market Crash, Dust Bowl, Overconsumption/Overproduction, Margin Buying
    Court Packing - a legislative initiative proposed by Franklin Roosevelt to add more justices to the U.S. Supreme Court
    Eleanor Roosevelt - Wife of Franklin Roosevelt, social reformer
  • Period: to

    Dust Bowl

  • Franklin D. Roosevelt elected

  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) established

  • 20th Amendment

    adjusted dates of the presidential terms
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) established

  • 21st Amendment

    repeals the 18th Amendment and prohibition ends
  • Securities and Exchange Commision (SEC) established

  • Works Progress Administration (WPA) established

  • Social Security Act

    established the Social Security Administration, which provides unemployed insurance, aid to the disabled, old age pensions and insurance for families
  • Adolf Hitler invades Poland, starting WWII

  • Period: to

    World War II

    Island Hopping - capture some islands and going around others
    Liberation of Concentration Camps
    Dwight Eisenhower - President; D-day attack
    Douglas MacArthur - General; Philippines, Japan, North Korea Chester W. Nimitz - allied pacific ocean victory
    Navajo Code Talkers - Native Americans, US Marine Corps
    Tuskegee Airmen - African American pilots
    Flying Tigers - American Volunteers of Chinese Air Force
    The Manhattan Project - secret project, atomic bomb
    Rosie the Riveter - propaganda campaign
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

  • Battle of Midway

  • Bataan Death March

  • Executive Order 9066

    Incarceration of Japanese Americans for the duration of WWII
  • "D-Day" - Invasion of Normandy

  • G.I. Bill

    gives military veterans financial and educational benefits
  • United Nations formed

  • Period: to

    Early Cold War

    Containment - the policy of preventing the expansion of a hostile ideology
    Arms Race/Space Race - the competition between nations regarding achievements in the field of space exploration
    The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics - "The Soviet Union', Communist
    Communism - A economic system where all the property and businesses are owned and controlled by the state
    Domino Theory - A belief that if one land in a region came under the influence of communism, then surrounding countries would follow
  • The atomic bomb, "Little Boy" is dropped in Hiroshima, Japan

  • The atomic bomb, "Fat Man" is dropped in Nagasaki, Japan, ending World War II

  • Truman Doctrine

    US policy that gave military and economic aid to countries threatened by communism
  • Berlin Airlift

  • Marshall Plan

    program to help European countries rebuild after World War II
  • NATO established

  • Period: to

    Civil Rights Era

  • Period: to

    Korean War

  • Rosenbergs trial

  • 22nd Amendment

    prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again
  • First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

  • Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

  • Interstate Highway Act

    authorized the building of a national highway system
  • USSR launches Sputnik

  • Period: to

    End of the Cold War

  • Period: to

    1990s-21st Century