The History of The Progressive Era

  • The Chinese Exclusion Act

    The Chinese Exclusion Act
    The Chinese exclusion act was a federal law passed in may 6th 1882, this law was signed by President Chester A. Arthur that prohibited all immigration of Chinese laborers. This was building off of the Page Act which also prohibited Chinese people who weren’t workers from immigrating to the United States.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    A federal law made to prevent a railroad monopoly, the law required that the railroad rates must be reasonable and justified, however there were never any specific rates given. This act created a new agency, the Interstate Commerce Commission. It also made them make their shipping rates public.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    The Sherman Anti Trust act is an antitrust law, this law bans attempts to monopolize the market and anti competitive agreements. The Law was mainly made by Senator John Sherman.
  • Plessy V. Ferguson

    Plessy V. Ferguson
    Plessy V. Ferguson was a decision in the United States Supreme Court that was about the racial segregation laws. This Decision made many southern state laws that had been slowly re-establishing racial segregation legitimate.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    Jim Crow Laws were laws that enforced racial segregation in the states that used to belong to the Confederacy and some more. These laws made it so African Americans and white people were segregated making them use different facilities. The African American Facilities were often in poor condition or didn't exist.
  • Muckrakers

    The Muckrakers were journalists who considered themselves free minded during the time of the progressive era.
  • McKinley Assassinated

    McKinley Assassinated
    President McKinley was assassinated on September 7th 1901 by Leon Czolgosz (who was beginning to become a bit of an anarchist), however he didn’t die until September 14th from the bullet wound that he had gotten on September 7th.
  • Coal Miner Strike-1902

    Coal Miner Strike-1902
    The Coal Miner Strike of 1902 was a strike from the United Mine Workers of America in Pennsylvania. They were fighting for higher wages, the recognition of their union, and shorter work days.
  • Ida Tarbell-“The History of Standard Oil”

    Ida Tarbell-“The History of Standard Oil”
    A book published by the journalist Ida Tarbell, she used the book to show the history and expose the Standard Oil Company which was breaking the Sherman Antitrust act. With this book Ida helped make journalism rather important to modern society with its impact.
  • Niagara Movement

    Niagara Movement
    Nicknamed the mighty current, the Niagara movement was a civil rights movement for African Americans meant to oppose policies they thought were against African Americans.
  • The Jungle Publish

    The Jungle Publish
    The Jungle was a novel written by Upton Sinclair, it tackled many subjects such as a decline into socialism and how immigrants were being poorly treated and their rough living conditions in cities in Chicago and other similar cities. However the public mainly focused on what he wrote about the meatpacking industry.
  • Food and Drug Act

    Food and Drug Act
    The first series of laws regarding regulations the ban of foreign interstate traffic in mislabeled drugs or food products. This led to the founding of the Food and Drug Administration.
  • Tuskegee Institute

    Tuskegee Institute
    The Tuskegee Institute provided their students with academic training and vocation training.
  • Roosevelt-Antiquities Act

    Roosevelt-Antiquities Act
    An act that was signed during Roosevelt's second term in office, what this act entails are rules and regulations regarding the preservation of historic artifacts from prehistoric Native Americans.
  • Federal Meat Inspection Act

    Federal Meat Inspection Act
    The Federal Meat inspection act is a law that ensures that meat products made and processed under strict sanitary and regulated conditions. It does this by making it banned to mis brand meat products.
  • Muller v. Oregon

    Muller v. Oregon
    Muller v. Oregon was a decision to make it a state mandate for women to be given less work hours than men to “protect their health”
  • Taft Wins

    Taft Wins
    Taft won the presidential election of 1908, he won 51.6% of the popular votes and 321 electoral votes, while his opponent William Bryan only gained 43.1% of the popular vote and gained 162 electoral votes.
  • NAACP formed

    NAACP formed
    Also known as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is a civil rights group formed to bring justice for African Americans
  • Teddy Roosevelt’s- Square Deal

    Teddy Roosevelt’s- Square Deal
    Roosevelt’s domestic program that regarded the three C’s: The Conservation of natural resources, the consumer protection, and the control of corporations. This plan was made to help the middle class.
  • Urban League

    Urban League
    Another civil group made to fight against racial discrimination towards African Americans and racial discrimination in the United states in general.
  • The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire

    The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
    The Triangle Shirtwaist fire was one of the deadliest industrial disasters in the history of the United states. 146 of the garment workers were killed not only from the fire, but from inhaling the smoke, and attempting to escape the fire by jumping out of the building. In the aftermath of the fire people tried to charge the owners, Isaac Harris and Max Blanck, with manslaughter.
  • Jane Addams-Hull House

    Jane Addams-Hull House
    The Hull house was originally founded in 1889 by Jane Adams and Ellen Gates Starr. The purpose of the Hull house was to help European immigrants. In 1911 the Hull house was expanded to 13 buildings which was rather big growth, in 1912 the hull house was completed and a summer camp was added in.
  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    In simple terms the 16th Amendment allowed the federal government to collect an income tax from every American Citizen. There is still some debate even up to today if the amendment was constitutional or not. Those in the populist party supported this Amendment.
  • Department of Labor Established

    Department of Labor Established
    On March 4, 1913 the department of Labor was established with the Organic Act. It was signed by the current President at the time, William Howard Taft.
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    This Amendment states that senators are now to be chosen by the people rather than by state legislatures. It also states that if a senator's seat was left empty the governor could pick a new senator, although the one the governor picks will be temporary.
  • Underwood-Simmons Tariff

    Underwood-Simmons Tariff
    The main purpose of the Underwood Tariff (Aka the Revenue act of 1913) was to reduce the amount of levies on manufactured or semi manufactures items and goods. It also re-established the federal income tax in the U.S.A along with lowering Tariff rates. This plan or at least just Tariff reduction was one of Wilson's main priorities after he took office.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Federal Reserve Act
    The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 set up and established the Federal reserve system for the United States central Bank. It’s goal was to give the Unites States of America a safer financial system. The law itself included the purpose of the Federal Reserve system and its functions.
  • Federal Trade Commission Act

    Federal Trade Commission Act
    With this act in place the Federal Trade Commission has the power to prevent unfair methods of competition, seek monetary redress and other relief for conduct injurious customers, prescribe rules defining specificity acts, and gather and compile information for investigations.
  • Federal trade Commission

    Federal trade Commission
    The main purpose of the Federal Trade Commission is to prevent unfair tactics or deceptive acts affecting commerce and to enforce the Antitrust laws.
  • Trench Warfare

    Trench Warfare
    A popular method of fighting in World War 1 where the opposing forces would dig trenches to use for cover and shoot those who were to approach the trench. These caused a long stale mate.
  • Clayton Antitrust Act

    Clayton Antitrust Act
    The goal of this act was to add more substance to the antitrust laws.
  • The Birth of a Nation (1915)

    The Birth of a Nation (1915)
    Originally called the Clansman, "The Birth of a Nation (1915)" was one of the longest films of its time. It did not portray African Americans in a positive light so many civil rights groups around the nation had protests about it.
  • Rise of KKK (early 20th century

    Rise of KKK (early 20th century
    Also known as the Ku Klux Klan, the KKK is a white supremacist group in America. It mainly targets African Americans but it also targets immigrants, Jews, Muslims, and homosexuals.
  • Lusitania sunk

    Lusitania sunk
    The RMS Lusitania was sunk by German torpedoes during the first world war. There was debate on weather or not this was a real military target but it has sense been revealed that the ship was holding ammunition. There were 1,198 deaths and 761 survivors.
  • Booker T. Washington

    Booker T. Washington
    Washington was was one of the last African American leaders that was born into slavery. He was an advisor and educator to many of the U.S presidents. In November, 1915, Washington collapsed in New York city. After this event the doctors told him he may only have a few days to live, in his last hours of life he got on a train to Tuskegee where he wanted his final resting place to be and died. Later on it was discovered he may have had blood pressure issues.
  • Wilson Elected

    Wilson Elected
    The Election of 1916 was rather split, Wilson only won the popular vote by about 3%. His opponent Hughes gained 46.1% of the popular vote and 254 electoral votes and Wilson won 49.2% of the popular vote and won 277 electoral votes.
  • Zimmerman Telegram

    Zimmerman Telegram
    A telegram from Germany was intercepted on it's way to Mexico. It proposed that Germany would help Mexico reclaim the land that the U.S.A had taken from it over the years. This information being made public convinced many Americans that they should join the war currently happening in Europe.
  • Wilson Asks for War

    Wilson Asks for War
    President Wilson made a speech to urge the congress to to declare war on Germany.
  • Espionage Act

    Espionage Act
    The Espionage Act prevented anyone from collecting information of the government and then using it for an advantage for a foreign nation.
  • Wilson-Fourteen Points

    Wilson-Fourteen Points
    Wilson presented 14 points during a speech to congress on how he would like to end World War 1.
  • Hammer v. Dagenhart

    Hammer v. Dagenhart
    A court case decision that struck down laws based on the regulation of child labor.
  • Sedition Act

    Sedition Act
    A law against free speech, much like the first sedition act it limited harmful writing against the government.
  • Armistice Day

    Armistice Day
    The Allies and Germany signed an armistice in France that temporarily ended the fighting while they decided on a peace agreement. It had to be extended several times.
  • Wilson Stroke

    Wilson Stroke
    President Wilson suffered a stroke while in office and was incapacitated for the rest of his term. He soon retired from office in 1921.
  • Treaty of Versailles to Senate

    Treaty of Versailles to Senate
    In 1919 when the Treaty of Versailles was presented to the senate, the senate rejected it as the current president hadn't taken their concerns into consideration.
  • League of Nations

    League of Nations
    The League of Nations was founded with the primary goal to keep world peace after world war 1.
  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
    The 18th Amendment made the selling of alcohol illegal in the United States of America. It did not outlaw the consumption of alcohol, just the selling of it.
  • W.E.B. Dubois

    W.E.B. Dubois
    Dubois was a civil rights activist and the first African American to get a doctrine. He was one of the founders for the National Association for the Advancement of Colors People. His book Dusk Till dawn (published in 1940) is thought to be the one of if not the first scientific treatise on sociology.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    The 19th Amendment made it so everyone had the right to vote regardless of gender. This meant that no votes could be declined in any state based on gender.
  • Versailles Peace Conference

    Versailles Peace Conference
    A peace conference in France that took a little over a year. The Allies were discussing peace terms for the central powers (who were defeated).