State and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern part of the United States.
Founded by Booker T. Washington under a charter from the Alabama legislature for the purpose of training teachers in Alabama.
Chinese Exclusion Act
A law signed by President Chester A. Author that prohibited all immigration of Chinese laborers.
Interstate Commerce Act
US federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry. It required the railroad rates to be "reasonable and just."
Jane Addams-Hull House
One of the first settlement houses in North America. The house provided child care, practical and cultural training and education, and other services to the largely immigrant population of its Chicago neighborhood.
Sherman Antitrust Act
The first federal act that outlawed monopolistic (having complete control or power over a business) business practices.
Reform-minded journalists, writers, and photographers during the Progressive Era
Plessy Vs. Ferguson
A US supreme court decision that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation under the "separate but equal" doctrine.
William McKinley, the 25th president of the US, was shot in the abdomen while shaking hands with the public. He was shot on September 6th and later died on the 14th due to complications from bullet wounds.
Coal Miner Strike
A strike led by the United Mine Workers of America in which it threatened to shut down the winter fuel supply to major American cities.
Ida Tarbell-“The History of Standard Oil”
A book written in 1904 that exposes the Standard Oil Company in 19 parts.
Teddy Roosevelt’s- Square Deal
A domestic program that consisted of President Roosevelt's three main goals which were conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection.
The Jungle Published
A novel written by American Journalist Upton Sinclair. This novel portrays the harsh conditions and exploited lives of immigrants within the US.
The Niagra movent was an organization of black intellectuals which was led by W.E.B. DU Bois and called for full political, civil, and social rights for African Americans.
Food and Drug Act
Prohibited the sale of misbranded or adultered food and drugs in interstate commerce.
Federal Meat Inspection Act
An American law that makes it illegal to misbrand meat and meat products being sold as food. It also ensures that meat products are slaughtered and processed under strictly regulated sanitary conditions.
Law passed that provided general protection for any general kind of cultural or natural resource. It became the first national historic preservation policy for the United States.
William Howard Taft, Secretary of War and Republican Party nominee, wins the presidential election over three-time Democratic nominee William Jennings Bryan.
Muller v. Oregon
A US Supreme Court case in which the court considered whether or not a state could limit the number of hours that women while not limiting the hours of men.
The NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) was a civil rights group/ organization which was formed to further advance justice for African Americans.
The National Urban League was founded to help African American migrants assimilate into urban life.
Triangle Shirtwaist fire
The Triangle Shirtwaist factory in New York burned down, leaving 146 workers killed. It is remembered to be one of the most infamous incidents in American industrial history.
Woodrow Wilson defeats Republican William Howard Taft and third-party nominee Theodore Roosevelt to win the 1912 presidential election.
Department of Labor Established
A federal agency that is responsible for enforcing federal labor standards and occupational safety. Signed by William Howard Taft.
The Congress shall have the power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, without apportionment among the several states.
Provided for the direct election of US Senators by the voters of the states.
Federal Reserve Act
Intended to establish a form of economic stability through the introduction of the Central Bank. Five functions of this act are community development, monetary policy, financial system stability, payments systems, and supervision and regulation.
Also known as the Revenue Act, lowered average tariff rates from 40% to 26%. This tariff also established a one percent tax on income above $3,000 a year.
Wilson Asks for War
President Woodrow Wilson urged Congress to declare war on Germany.
Trenches dug into the ground that was used for extra protection and defense against the opposing armed forces.
Federal Trade Commission Act
Protects consumers by stopping unfair, fraudulent, or deceptive practices in the marketplace.
Clayton Antitrust Act
Prevented unfair methods of competition. It also declared strikes, boycotts, and labor unions legal under federal law.
Booker T. Washington
Booker T. Washington was an American educator, orator, author, and advisor to several presidents of the United States. He was also a dominant leader in the African American community.
The Birth of a Nation (1915)
A film directed by D.W. Griffith and was the longest and most profitable film then produced and the most artistically advanced in its day. This film portrayed the civil war and tells the story of two families on either side of the Mason-Dixon line.
A German navy U-boat torpedoed the Lusitania during the First World war.
Rise of KKK (early 20th century)
William Joseph Simmons revived the KKK after seeing D.W. Griffith's film Birth of A Nation in which it portrayed the klan as heroes.
An ACt in which it prohibited obtaining information, recording pictures, or copying descriptions of any information relating to the national defense in which it could be used against the US or to the advantage of a foreign nation.
A secret diplomatic communication was issued from the German Foreign Office which proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico if the United States entered WWI against Germany.
An act that extended the Espionage act to cover a broad range of offenses. These offenses include false, scandalous, malicious writing, and speech that expresses opinions that cast the govt or the war effort in a negative way.
Armistice signed between the allies of WWI.
A proposal made by President Woodrow Wilson in a speech, outlining his vision for ending WWI.
Hammer v. Dagenhart
Supreme Court decision in which the court shot down a federal law regarding child labor.
Prohibition of alcohol in the United States.
Treaty of Versailles to Senate
The Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles, which formally ended WWI.
Woodrow Wilson had been intending to seek a third term in office but suffered a stroke that left him incapacitated.
Versailles Peace Conference
A meeting to establish the terms of the peace after World War.
An American sociologist, civil rights activist, socialist, author, writer, and editor. One of his accomplishments within sociology was being the first American sociologist to develop structural analysis of social inequality.
League of Nations
An international organization created after WWI to provide a forum for resolving international disputes.