Progressive Era Events By Adrian Oliver Apr 5, 1856 Booker T. Washington Born into slavery, later became a leading African American of the 19th century, founded Tuskegee normal and industrial institute, and the national negro business league. Feb 23, 1868 WEB Dubois Was a civil rights activist, leader, etc. Feb 8, 1870 Jim Crow Laws State and local laws that legalized racial segregation. Jul 4, 1881 Tuskegee Institute Founded by Booker Washington, first institution of higher learning for African Americans. May 6, 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act Prohibited all immigrated of Chinese laborers, signed by president Chester A. Arthur. Feb 4, 1887 Interstate Commerce Act Granted congress power to regulate commerce with foreign nations, and several states, and to regulate railroads. Sep 18, 1889 Jane Addams Hull House Built to provide social and educational opportunities for working class people. Jul 2, 1890 Sherman Antitrust Act First federal act that outlawed monopolistic practices. May 18, 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme court upheld the constitutionality of the separate but equal doctrine, Homer Plessy refused to sit in the black people part of a train car. Sep 14, 1901 McKinley Assassinated McKinley was shot and killed 6 months into his second term, was shot by an anarchist Leon Czolgosz. May 12, 1902 Coal Miner Strike Miners went on strike for higher wages, shorter workdays, and recognition of their union (united mine workers of America) Feb 5, 1904 Ida Tarbell-“The History of Standard Oil” Book written to expose the standard oil companies, written by Ida Tarbell, was a form of muckraking. Feb 8, 1905 Niagara Movement Led by DuBois, called for full political, civil and social rights for blacks. Nov 4, 1905 The Jungle Written by Upton Sinclair, novel portrays the harsh conditions and exploited lives of immigrants in the US, takes place in Chicago. Jun 8, 1906 Roosevelt-Antiquities Act Law provided legal protection of cultural and natural resources on federal lands. Jun 30, 1906 Food and Drug Act Signed by Roosevelt, prohibits interstate commerce in misbranded and adulterated foods, drinks, and drugs. Jun 30, 1906 Federal Meat inspection Act Signed by Roosevelt, ensured livestock to be processed and slaughtered under sanitary conditions, prohibited sale of adulterated or misbranded livestock. Feb 24, 1908 Muller V. Oregon Court upheld an Oregon law to limit the hours a female could work. Nov 4, 1908 Taft Wins Taft wins 51.6% of the popular vote, gave republicans their fourth straight presidential election victory. Feb 12, 1909 NAACP Formed Secure political, education, social and economic equality of all people, help eliminate race based discrimination. Oct 11, 1910 Urban Leauge Goal was to help blacks migrants assimilate into urban life. Mar 25, 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Fire Fire spread throughout Triangle Waist company, was a jumpstart for a movement for safer working conditions. Nov 5, 1912 Wilson Elected Wilson won by a landslide, carrying 40 states, replaced Taft. Feb 3, 1913 16th Amendment Congress has power to lay and collect taxes. Feb 8, 1913 Underwood Simmons Tarrif Promote international trade, lowered import duties, levied the first federal income tax. Mar 4, 1913 Teddy Roosevelt’s- Square Deal Roosevelt's domestic program, had 3 major goals, conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection. Mar 4, 1913 Department of Labour Established Signed (reluctantly) by Taft, happened hours before Woodrow Wilson took office, provided a department solely focused on workers. Apr 8, 1913 17th Amendment Senate gets 2 senators from each state, and each senator will have 1 vote, and are in the senate for 6 years. Dec 23, 1913 Federal Reserve Act Established federal reserve banks, and to establish a more effective managing of banking in the US. Sep 8, 1914 Trench Warfare During ww1 opposing forces would fight each other in opposite trenches. Sep 26, 1914 Federal Trade Commission Act Protects consumers, stops unfair deceptive or fraudulent practices. Oct 15, 1914 Clayton Antitrust Act Defines unethical business practices, (ex. Monopolies and price fixing), upholds rights of labour. Nov 26, 1914 Federal Trade Commission Goal was to protect consumers and promote competition. Feb 8, 1915 Birth of a Nation Tells a story of American history in the 1860s, blacks are portrayed as brutish, lazy, and dangerous. May 7, 1915 Lusitania Sunk Sunk by German subs, caused Americans to support the war against Germany. Jan 16, 1917 Zimmerman Telegram Germany sent the communication to Mexico to try and form an alliance, brought America into the war. Apr 2, 1917 Wilson Asks For War Wilson asked congress for war against Germany, 4 days later congress voted for it. Jun 15, 1917 Espionage Act Act to punish espionage and other forms of interference with the US. Jan 8, 1918 Wilson Fourteen Points Outlining Wilsons vision for ending ww1 to congress, also to prevent such a thing from happening again. Feb 8, 1918 Hammer V. Dagenhart Allowed congress to enforce child labour laws. May 16, 1918 Sedition Act Permitted the deportation, imprisonment or fining of anyone writing something against the government. Nov 11, 1918 Armistice Day End of WW1, also known as veterans day. Jan 16, 1919 18th Amendment Banned alcohol, in all its forms. Jan 18, 1919 Versailles Peace Conference Worked out a peace treaty to officially end WW1. Feb 8, 1919 Treaty of Versailles to Senate Senate rejected the treaty, Wilson failed to take senators objections into consideration. Oct 8, 1919 Wilson Stroke Wilson suffers a stroke and is incapacitated for the remainder of his presidency. Jan 10, 1920 League Of Nations Organization of nations to help prevent future wars and keep peace, it failed due to having no actual power. Feb 5, 1920 Muckrakers Journalists during the progressive era, exposed established institutions, and corrupt leaders. Feb 8, 1920 Rise of the KKK Founded by ex-confederate officers, wanted black suppression and slavery back. Aug 18, 1920 19th Amendment Women are now allowed to vote.