History timeline By firstname.lastname@example.org Jun 4, 1776 Declaration of Independence Separation from the British colonies for independence. Aug 20, 1776 “E Pluribus Unum” "one of many" which is related to a Latin phase meaning American determination to form a single nation from a collection of states. Sep 17, 1787 U.S. Constitution Established the US national government which created 3 branches, fundamental laws, and certain basic laws for US citizens. Dec 15, 1791 Bill of Rights Adds the first 10 amendments to the US constitution. 1801 Political Machines Political party organization that recruits members by using incentives, money, and political jobs. To have a higher leadership control over members. 1830 Nativism Political policy of protecting interests of immigrants and the support of immigration-restriction measures. 1831 Alex de Tocqueville and his Five Principles : Liberty, Egalitarianism, Individualism, Populism, and Laissez-faire "Democracy in America" which meant the belief that equality was the great political and social idea of this era. May 20, 1862 Homestead Act A person could have ownership of a government land and it had to be farm land. 1880 Social Darwinism A theory that is shown that human and race groups are similar to the same laws of natural selection. 1885 Tin Pan Alley Music publishing center in New York and comprised different types of music. 1886 Settlement House Movement A social movement to bring rich and poor together to help fill the gaps between social classes. Jun 30, 1892 Homestead Strike 1892 Workers in Pennsylvania were let go from a steel workers union and Amalgamated Association of Iron. 1896 Klondike Gold Rush 100,000 prospectors migrated to the Klondike region of Yukon in north-western Canada. May 21, 1898 Spanish-American War The explosion of the battleship U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor. Jan 1, 1901 eugenics Picking desired characteristics to help improve future generations which was mainly used in humans. Apr 12, 1901 Tenement A shared building with separate spaces. Lacked indoor plumbing and proper ventilation. Sep 2, 1901 Big Stick Policy Developed by president Theodore Roosevelt to show military readiness and power. 1903 Muckraker Journalists that wanted change and exposed their writing to make reform happen. Jun 4, 1904 Panama Canal The Panama Canal connects to the Pacific and Atlantic ocean, it helps with trade and lets ships have a shorter time to travel. Feb 3, 1913 16th Amendment Congress should have the power to lay and collect taxes on incomes. Apr 8, 1913 17th Amendment The US senate must be made up of 2 senators out of each state and must meet all the qualifications that are required by state legislatures. Aug 25, 1916 establishment of the National Park System A federal government agency that manages all US government own parks. Apr 6, 1917 Reasons for US entry into WW1 Zimmerman Telegram, Economic Gain, Espionage by central powers, and unrestricted German u-boat warfare. Jan 16, 1919 18th Amendment Prohibit the production, sale, and transportation of alcohol. 1920 19th Amendment It gave women the right to vote. 1920 Harlem Renaissance Gave African Americans the chance to have more control over representation of their culture. 1921 Teapot Dome Scandal President Warren G.Harding bribed a private oil company and went to prison. 1924 American Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 Any Native American born in the United States was granted citizenship. May 26, 1924 Immigration Act of 1924 The United States limited the amount of immigrants that were allowed to enter. 1929 Deportation of people of Mexican heritage during Great Depression Mexicans and Mexican Americans were repatriated and deported back to Mexico from the US. Feb 19, 1942 Executive Order 9066 Japanese Americans were ordered to evacuate because they were a threat to the national security and relocated inland. Mar 29, 1942 Flying Tigers An air force by china that were mercenaries that were hired by china to help fight against Japan. Apr 9, 1942 Bataan Death March 70,000 prisoners were captured during WW2 and were forced to march 63 miles to a prison camp. Aug 4, 1942 Bracero program Mexicans worked Legally in the united states on a short term labor contract and had increased wages for farm workers. Aug 13, 1942 Manhattan Project It was a project to create more nuclear weapons during WW2 and these nuclear bombs were used on Japan. Dec 18, 1944 Korematsu v. U.S. A US legal case which ended up in the US supreme court which a son of Japanese immigrants that was born in Oakland, California and violated the exclusion order and was forced to relocate during WW1. Nov 20, 1945 Nuremberg Trials Series of trials that were held in Nuremberg Germany at the end of WW2 and bring Nazi's to justice. Jul 30, 1956 “In God We Trust” A new motto in the US to replace ''E pluribus Unum''. Its a reminder that "there is god everywhere, whether we are conscious or not".