Progressive Era

  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States. Starting after the ratification of the 13th amendment, which abolished slavery, and lasting till about 1968
  • Tuskegee Institute

    Tuskegee Institute
    Tuskegee University is a private, historically black university in Tuskegee, Alabama. The campus is designated as the Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site by the National Park Service. The university was home to scientist George Washington Carver and to World War II's Tuskegee Airmen.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 was the first significant law restricting immigration into the United States. Although the Chinese only made up a very small portion of the population, Americans in the west blamed them for declining wages and economic issues.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    This act granted congress the power to regulate commerce with other countries and among the states.
  • Jane Addams Hull House

    Jane Addams Hull House
    Hull House was a settlement house in Chicago, Illinois, United States that was co-founded in 1889 by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr. Located on the Near West Side of the city, Hull House opened to serve recently arrived European immigrants. By 1911, Hull House had expanded to 13 buildings.
  • Muckrakers

    The muckrakers were reform-minded journalists in the Progressive Era in the United States (1890s–1920s) who exposed established institutions and leaders as corrupt. They typically had large audiences in popular magazines.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    This act regulates competition between monopolies that was passed by congress under the presidency of Benjamin Harrison. It is named after Senator John Sherman, its principal author.
  • Plessy V. Ferguson

    Plessy V. Ferguson
    U.S. Supreme Court case that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public places as long as the segregated areas were of equal quality.
  • Rise of KKK

    Rise of KKK
    After a period of decline, white Protestant nativist groups revived the Klan in the early 20th century, burning crosses and staging rallies, parades and marches denouncing immigrants, Catholics, Jews, African Americans and organized labor.
  • McKinley Assassinated

    McKinley Assassinated
    President William McKinley is assassinated in Buffalo New York. He was the 25th president of the United States. He was shaking hands with the public when he was shot twice in the abdomen by anarchist Leon Czolgosz.
  • Coal Miner Strike

    Coal Miner Strike
    A strike by the United Mine Workers of America in the anthracite coalfields of eastern Pennsylvania. Starting May 12th, 1902 and ending on October 23rd, 1902 miners were striking for higher wages, shorter workdays, and the recognition of their union.
  • Ida Tarbell - "The History of Standard Oil"

    Ida Tarbell - "The History of Standard Oil"
    The History of the Standard Oil Company is a 1904 book by journalist Ida Tarbell. It is an exposé about the Standard Oil Company, run at the time by oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller, the richest figure in American history.
  • Niagara Movement

    Niagara Movement
    The Niagara Movement was a civil-rights group founded in 1905 near Niagara Falls. Scholar and activist W. E. B. Du Bois gathered with supporters on the Canadian side of Niagara Falls to form an organization dedicated to social and political change for African Americans.
  • The Jungle Published

    The Jungle Published
    The Jungle is a 1906 novel by the American journalist and novelist Upton Sinclair. The novel portrays the harsh conditions and exploited lives of immigrants in the United States in Chicago and similar industrialized cities.
  • Federal Meat Inspection Act

    Federal Meat Inspection Act
    The Federal Meat Inspection Act of 1906 (FMIA) is an American law that makes it illegal to adulterate or misbrand meat and meat products being sold as food, and ensures that meat and meat products are slaughtered and processed under strictly regulated sanitary conditions.
  • Roosevelt - Antiquities Act

    Roosevelt - Antiquities Act
    The Antiquities Act of 1906, is an act that was passed by the United States Congress and signed into law by Theodore Roosevelt on June 8, 1906.
  • Food and Drug Act

    Food and Drug Act
    The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 was the first of a series of significant consumer protection laws which was enacted by Congress in the 20th century and led to the creation of the Food and Drug Administration.
  • Muller v. Oregon

    Muller v. Oregon
    Muller v. Oregon, 208 U.S. 412, was a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court. Women were provided by state mandate lesser work-hours than allotted to men. The posed question was whether women's liberty to negotiate a contract with an employer should be equal to a man's.
  • Taft wins election

    Taft wins election
    The 1908 election was the 31st presidential election of the United States, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1908. Secretary of War and Republican Party nominee William Howard Taft defeated three-time Democratic nominee William Jennings Bryan.
  • W.E.B. DuBois

    W.E.B. DuBois
    William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was an American sociologist, socialist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, writer and editor.
  • NAACP formed

    NAACP formed
    The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is a civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as an interracial endeavor to advance justice for African Americans by a group including W. E. B. Du Bois, Mary White Ovington, Moorfield Storey and Ida B. Wells.
  • National Urban League

    National Urban League
    The National Urban League, formerly known as the National League on Urban Conditions Among African Americans, is a nonpartisan historic civil rights organization based in New York City that advocates on behalf of economic and social justice for African Americans and against racial discrimination in the United States.
  • Triangle Shirtwaist Fire

    Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
    The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, on March 25, 1911, was the deadliest industrial disaster in the history of the city, and one of the deadliest in U.S. history.
  • Teddy Roosevelt's Square Deal

    Teddy Roosevelt's Square Deal
    The Square Deal was President Theodore Roosevelt's domestic program, which reflected his three major goals: conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection. These three demands are often referred to as the "three Cs" of Roosevelt's Square Deal.
  • Wilson Elected

    Wilson Elected
    Woodrow Wilson, a leader of the Progressive Movement, was the 28th President of the United States (1913-1921). Wilson defeated former presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft.
  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    Passed by Congress on July 2, 1909, and ratified February 3, 1913, the 16th amendment established Congress's right to impose a Federal income tax.
  • Department of Labor established

    Department of Labor established
    The organic act establishing the Department of Labor was signed on March 4, 1913, by a reluctant President William Howard Taft, the defeated and departing incumbent, just hours before Woodrow Wilson took office.
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    Passed by Congress May 13, 1912, and ratified April 8, 1913, the 17th amendment modified Article I, section 3, of the Constitution by allowing voters to cast direct votes for U.S. Senators. ... Each state legislature would elect two senators to 6-year terms.
  • Underwood Simmons Tariff

    Underwood Simmons Tariff
    The Revenue Act of 1913, also known as the Underwood Tariff or the Underwood-Simmons Act (ch. 16, 38 Stat. 114), re-established a federal income tax in the United States and substantially lowered tariff rates.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Federal Reserve Act
    The Federal Reserve Act was passed by the 63rd United States Congress and signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson on December 23, 1913. The law created the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States.
  • Clayton Antitrust Act

    Clayton Antitrust Act
    The Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914, was a part of United States antitrust law with the goal of adding further substance to the U.S. antitrust law regime; the Clayton Act sought to prevent anticompetitive practices in their incipiency.
  • Federal Trade Commission Act

    Federal Trade Commission Act
    The Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914 established the Federal Trade Commission. The Act, signed into law by Woodrow Wilson in 1914, outlaws unfair methods of competition and unfair acts or practices that affect commerce.
  • Trench warfare

    Trench warfare
    Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines largely comprising military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
  • Federal Trade Commission

    Federal Trade Commission
    The Federal Trade Commission is an independent agency of the United States government whose principal mission is the enforcement of civil U.S. antitrust law and the promotion of consumer protection.
  • Booker T. Washington

    Booker T. Washington
    Booker Taliaferro Washington (April 18, 1856 – November 14, 1915) was an American educator, author, orator, and adviser to multiple presidents of the United States.
  • The Birth of a Nation (1915)

    The Birth of a Nation (1915)
    The Birth of a Nation, originally called The Clansman, is a 1915 American silent epic drama film directed by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish. The screenplay is adapted from the 1905 novel and play The Clansman, by Thomas Dixon Jr.
  • Lusitania Sinks

    Lusitania Sinks
    The RMS Lusitania was sunk during the first world war by a German u-boat torpedo. Germany waged submarine war against Britain as they had set up a naval blockade of Germany.
  • Zimmerman Telegram

    Zimmerman Telegram
    The Zimmermann Telegram was a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico. If the United States entered World War I against Germany, Mexico would recover Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico.
  • Wilson Asks for War

    Wilson Asks for War
    On April 2, 1917, President Woodrow Wilson asks Congress to send U.S. troops into battle against Germany in World War I. In his address to Congress that day, Wilson lamented it is a fearful thing to lead this great peaceful people into war. Four days later, Congress obliged and declared war on Germany.
  • Espionage Act

    Espionage Act
    A federal law passed in 1917 to punish espionage, spying, and related crimes. Passed shortly after U.S. entry into WWI. It has been amended numerous times to this day.
  • Hammer v. Dagenhart

    Hammer v. Dagenhart
    The Keating-Owen Child Labor Act prohibited the interstate shipment of goods produced by child labor. Reuben Dagenhart's father -- Roland -- had sued on behalf of his freedom to allow his fourteen year old son to work in a textile mill. 5-4 decision for dagenhart, The Keating-Owen Child Labor Act was outside the Commerce Power and the regulation of production was a power reserved to the states via the Tenth Amendment.
  • Wilson - Fourteen Points speech

    Wilson - Fourteen Points speech
    The Fourteen Points was a statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I. The principles were outlined in a speech on war aims and peace terms to the United States Congress by President Woodrow Wilson.
  • Sedition Act

    Sedition Act
    The Sedition Act of 1918 was an Act of the United States Congress that extended the Espionage Act of 1917 to cover a broader range of offenses, notably speech and the expression of opinion that cast the government or the war effort in a negative light or interfered with the sale of government bonds.
  • Armistice Day

    Armistice Day
    This day marks the armistice signed between the Allies and Germany during World War I. "The eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month." of 1918.
  • Versailles Peace Conference

    Versailles Peace Conference
    The peace conference was the formal meeting in 1919 and 1920 of the Allies after the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers. January 18, 1919 - January 21, 1920.
  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
    The Eighteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution established the prohibition of alcohol in the United States. The amendment was proposed by Congress on December 18, 1917, and was ratified on January 16, 1919.
  • Treaty of Versailles to Senate

    Treaty of Versailles to Senate
    President Wilson delivers the treaty to senate by hand on January 10th, 1919 and then addressed the chamber. The treaty was referred to the the foreign relations committee, which held public hearings from July 31st to September 12th, 1919.
  • Woodrow Wilson suffers a stroke

    Woodrow Wilson suffers a stroke
    President Wilson had just done a tour of the country to promote the League of Nations, which in its long duration cost him his health. He managed to return to Washington after 22 days only to suffer a nearly fatal stroke.
  • League of Nations

    League of Nations
    The League of Nations, abbreviated as LON, was the first worldwide intergovernmental organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace. It was founded on 10 January 1920 following the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War, and ceased operations on 20 April 1946.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits the states and the federal government from denying the right to vote to citizens of the United States on the basis of sex.