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Progressive Era

  • Booker T. Washington

    Booker T. Washington
    Booker Taliaferro Washington was an African American educator and advisor to many U.S. Presidents and was a very powerful leader for the African American community who advised for people to work hard and fight discrimination.
  • Rise of KKK (early 20th century)

    Rise of KKK (early 20th century)
    The Ku Klux Klan is a terrorist organization that resisted equality-based reforms and attacked many African American (the main targets) and White Republican people throughout the South. The group reached its greatest numbers in the 1920s when over 4 million people nationwide were a part of it.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    The Jim Crow Laws were state and local restrictions placed on African American people in the South that further segregated facilities and limited the rights/opportunities of those races.
  • W.E.B. Dubois

    W.E.B. Dubois
    W.E.B. Dubois was an American sociologist, civil rights activist, and writer who founded elements of the Niagara Movement and the NAACP.
  • Tuskegee Institute

    Tuskegee Institute
    Tuskegee University is a private, historically African American school in Tuskegee, Alabama, which was actually the first institution that provided higher education to African American students.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    The Chinese Exclusion Act was a law signed by President Chester A. Author that banned the immigration of Chinese labor workers for 10 years in order to maintain white "racial purity" and to get rid of supposed "unskilled" workers.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    The Interstate Commerce Act is a law put in place so that the Federal Government could regulate railroad operations throughout the country which helped small farmers because they could now transport goods through states.
  • Muckrackers

    Muckrackers are reform focused journalists who spoke widely on the corrupt businesses and leaders that had a negative impact on society during the Progressive Era. The most well-known muckrackers were Upton Sinclair, Lincoln Steffens, and Ida Tarbell.
  • Jane Addams-Hull House

    Jane Addams-Hull House
    The Hull House was a settlement house in Chicago, Illinois, that was opened to accommodate newly arriving immigrants and was used for community services (for example, many educated women took the opportunity to teach poorer people here).
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    The Sherman Anti-trust Act was the first law in the U.S. to get rid of industrial monopolies in the businesses of trade or commerce.
  • Plessy V. Ferguson

    Plessy V. Ferguson
    Plessy V. Ferguson was a Supreme Court case between Homer Plessy, an African American man who refused to sit in a train car for blacks, and John Ferguson. "Separate but equal" is a term used to describe the decision made which allowed for segregation as long as facilities were the same (although most of the time they weren't).
  • McKinley Assassinated

    McKinley Assassinated
    William McKinley was the 25th president of the U.S. and was assassinated when anarchist Leon Czolgosz shot him twice at the Pan-American Exhibition in Buffalo, New York, because he believed McKinley led a corrupt government.
  • Coal Miner Strike-1902

    Coal Miner Strike-1902
    The Coal Miner Strike was a strike done by a group of Union Mine Workers in Pennsylvania who expressed their desire for shorter workdays, higher pay, and the recognition of the Union. The strike was successful because, on October 23, 1902, the Anthracite Coal Commission decided upon a 10 percent increase in wages and a nine hour work day.
  • Teddy Roosevelt’s- Square Deal

    Teddy Roosevelt’s- Square Deal
    Teddy Roosevelt's Square Deal was a group of reform acts passed by President Teddy Roosevelt that brought America closer to his goals of conserving natural resources, controlling corporations, and protecting consumers from interstate commerce (bad quality or unsanitary products).
  • Ida Tarbell-“The History of Standard Oil”

    Ida Tarbell-“The History of Standard Oil”
    "The History of the Standard Oil Company" is a book written by Ida Tarbell that exposes John D. Rockfeller (the primary controller of the oil industry) and the unethical business practices his company tolerated.
  • The Jungle Published

    The Jungle Published
    "The Jungle" is a novel by Uptain Sinclair that was made to reveal the harsh working conditions for meat inspectors/industrial workers in Chicago and other growing cities.
  • Niagara Movement

    Niagara Movement
    The Niagara Movement was a civil rights group that fought for political, educational, and social changes for African American communities that was founded by W.E.B. Du Bois, Mary Burnett Talbert, and William Monroe Trotter.
  • Roosevelt-Antiquities Act

    Roosevelt-Antiquities Act
    The Antiquities Act is a law passed by President Theodore Roosevelt that gave future U.S. presidents the power to declare historic structures or landmarks as national monuments.
  • Food and Drug Act

    Food and Drug Act
    The Pure Food and Drug Act were federal laws put in place to protect consumers from misbranded food and drugs being sold in interstate commerce.
  • Federal Meat Inspection Act

    Federal Meat Inspection Act
    The Federal Meat Inspection Act was a law passed by President Theodore Roosevelt that made it illegal to misbrand or adulterate meat products in order to guarantee that livestock is properly processed and is safe to eat by consumers.
  • Muller v. Oregon

    Muller v. Oregon
    Muller v. Oregon was a Supreme Court case that decided Curt Muller broke the law in allowing women to work more than 10 hours in his business (at that time women were limited to less time working in factories and laundries).
  • Taft Wins

    Taft Wins
    Republican Party nominee William Taft defeated William Jennings Bryan (populist party) with 51.6% of the popular vote which allowed him to go on to be the 27th President of the United States.
  • The NAACP Formed

    The NAACP Formed
    The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is the oldest and largest civil rights organization that focused on fixing injustice and unfair treatment in housing, education, voting, and transportation for African American people.
  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    The 16th Amendment states that Congress can impose taxes on incomes without apportioning it among different states or basing it on their populations.
  • Urban League

    Urban League
    The National Urban League was a civil rights organization that provides assistance for African American people who were suffering from economic and social injustice (by providing income, housing, etc.).
  • Triangle Shirtwaist fire

    Triangle Shirtwaist fire
    The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire was the deadliest industrial disaster in New York City that killed 145 workers. The fire began in a rag bin and many of the girls tried to escape from jumping down the elevator shaft (to their deaths) and going down the stairs only to meet a locked door and be burned alive.
  • Department of Labor Established

    Department of Labor Established
    The Department of Labor was established by President William Taft and is a U.S. federal department that overlooks and maintains laws for worker's wages, hours, safety, and unemployment.
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    The 17th Amendment states that Senators are to be elected by the people in each state, allowing for those citizens to chose who represents them.
  • Underwood-Simmons Tariff

    Underwood-Simmons Tariff
    The Underwood Tariff was an Act signed in by President Woodrow Wilson that reduced tariffs and raised income taxes in order to raise revenue for the federal government which also encouraged the increase of imported materials from foreign countries.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Federal Reserve Act
    The Federal Reserve Act was an act that Congress put in place because of the unstable banking panics at the time. It established more economic stability by creating a central banking system.
  • Trench Warfare

    Trench Warfare
    Trench Warfare was a technique used in WWl on the battlefield where soldiers would dig trenches that gave them shelter and room to make strategies to overcome enemy trenches. The trenches were very unsanitary and would get bombed with dangerous gases often.
  • Federal trade Commission

    Federal trade Commission
    The Federal Trade Commission is a U.S. agency that promotes the anti-trust law, protects consumers in commerce, and tries to keep competing practices fair among industries.
  • Federal Trade Commission Act

    Federal Trade Commission Act
    The Federal Trade Commission Act was signed in by President Woodrow Wilson established to outlaw and create regulations to prevent unfair methods of competition and practices when trading/buying/selling goods.
  • Clayton Antitrust Act

    Clayton Antitrust Act
    The Clayton Antitrust Act was a law passed by Congress and signed by President Woodrow Wilson in order to resolve issues that the Sherman Anti-trust laws didn't fix and gave power to the federal government so that fair business practices/competition would be used.
  • The Birth of a Nation (1915)

    The Birth of a Nation (1915)
    The Birth of a Nation was a silent drama film (which was also the first Hollywood blockbuster hit) starring Lillian Gish that was based on a book called "The Clansman". It involved topics like abolitionist movements, the civil war, and the formation of the Ku Klux Klan.
  • Lusitania sunk

    Lusitania sunk
    The sinking of the Cunard ocean liner RMS "Lusitania" was a historical event because a German U-boat torpedoed the ship. The Lusitania typically carried passengers across the Atlantic between Great Britain and the United States. Its sinking killed 1,197 people aboard and sparked additional reasoning for the U.S to enter World War l.
  • Wilson Elected

    Wilson Elected
    Democratic Nominee Wodrow Wilson defeated Republican candidate Charles Evans Hughes in the 1916 Presidential election making him the 28th U.S. President.
  • Zimmerman Telegram

    Zimmerman Telegram
    The Zimmerman Telegram was a secretive message sent from German leaders that proposed an alliance between them and Mexico which also offered financial aid to Mexico on top of recovering U.S. land like Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico. The telegram was intercepted by British Intelligence and urged the United States into World War l.
  • Wilson Asks for War

    Wilson Asks for War
    In 1917, President Woodrow Wilson had asked Congress to allow a declaration of war against Germany because of events like the sinking of the Lusitania and Zimmerman Telegram.
  • Espionage Act

    Espionage Act
    The Espionage Act was a federal law signed in by President Woodrow Wilson that made it a crime to commit treason or give aid/information to enemy countries during WWl.
  • Wilson-Fourteen Points

    Wilson-Fourteen Points
    Wilson's Fourteen Points were a set of principles that President Woodrow Wilson had decided upon in order to negotiate peace at the end of World War l.
  • Sedition Act

    Sedition Act
    The Sedition Act was passed by the House of Representatives that allowed for the deportation, fine, or imprisonment of anyone who spoke falsely/maliciously of the U.S. government, interfered with the selling of government bonds, or that was considered to be a threat (which was eventually repealed).
  • Hammer v. Dagenhart

    Hammer v. Dagenhart
    Hammer v. Dagenhart was a Supreme Court case that decided that it was not in the power of Congress to regulate child labor in foreign countries but only to make rules in commerce.
  • Armistice Day

    Armistice Day
    Veterans day is a holiday celebrated by the U.S., Britain, and France, that was established after a ceasefire agreement with Germany at Rethondes, France, which officially ended World War l.
  • 18th amendment

    18th amendment
    The 18th amendment prohibited the consumption, making, transporting, and selling of alcoholic products because of the negative societal impacts of liquor which was eventually repealed.
  • Versailles Peace Conference

    Versailles Peace Conference
    The Versailles Peace Conference (Paris Peace Conference) was a post WWl meeting between all of the major forces involved that set peace terms for the defeated Central powers. The main products of the conference included the formation of the League of Nations, Treaty of Versailles, Treaty of Saint-Germain, and many more.
  • Treaty of Versailles to Senate

    Treaty of Versailles to Senate
    The Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles twice because President Woodrow Wilson did not use the objections of the senators when forming the agreement with the other nation's leaders which caused the U.S. to not join the new League of Nations.
  • Wilson Stroke

    Wilson Stroke
    President Woodrow Wilson suffered from a stroke in office that left him incapacitated (partly paralyzed) until the end of his presidency in 1921.
  • League of Nations

    League of Nations
    The League of Nations is an international group of countries (had 4 permanent members and 4 non permanent) created after World War l that had a mission to maintain world peace.
  • 19th amendment

    19th amendment
    The 19th amendment prohibited the federal or state governments to deny women the right to vote (or on the account of an individual's sex).