(they were enacted in the late 19th century ad early 20th) They were laws that legalized racial segregation. They didn't allow African Americans to vote, hold jobs, study and other opportunities.
This was the first university for black students and the principal was Booker T. Wilson.
Chinese Exclusion Act
Federal law emitted to stop the immigration of laborers from China
Interstate Commerce Act
Federal law emitted to regulate the railroad industry and its monopolistic practices in particular.
Establishment of the Hull House
Co-founded by Jane Addams an Ellen Gates. It was opened in Chicago, Illinois to help and serve European immigrants first arrived in America. During the years it grew bigger and bigger.
Sherman Antitrust Act
U.S. Congress' legislation emitted to avoid concentrations of power that interfere with trait and reduce economic competition.
(they existed in the whole era) Journalists in the Progressive Era who exposed to the people the corruption of leaders and important people.
(1868-1963) He was an historic, author, socialist, sociologist, civil rights activist, writer and editor. He was also a teacher at Atlanta University. Racism was one of his polemic's targets and he was against everything correlated to it.
Booker T. Washington
Between 1890 and 1915 he was the leader of the African American community and the black elite. He was born in the last black slavery generation and he became the voice of his people.
Plessy v Ferguson
(until 5/8/1896) U.S. Supreme court decision about the racial segregation under the "separate but equal" doctrine.
He was the 25th President of the US (1897-1901)
Teddy Roosvelt's Square Deal
(until 1909) It is his personal approach to the individual and his social problems. It embraces his ideals of family, labor, citizenship and religion.
Coal Miner Strike
(until 10/23/1902) The mine workers in western Pennsylvania were striking for higher wages, shorter workdays ad ]n the recognition of their union: United Mine Workers of America.
The History of the Standard Oil Company
Book by Ida Tarbell, it deals with the Standard Oil Company run by Rockefeller.
Written by Upton Sinclair, it describes the lives and conditions of immigrants in industrial cities, especially Chicago.
Founded by W.E.B. Dubois near the Niagara Falls. It was a civil rights movement for black people. Dubois gathered with the caadian supporters and founded this movement.
Federal Meat Inspection Act
Made it illegal to process meat and made sure that the meat was sold after strict sanitary conditions.
President Roosevelt made this into law and it gives the President the power to create national monuments in federal lands to protect every kind of features.
Food and Drug Act
The first act that regulated the importation of food and illegal drugs into the United States.
Muller v. Oregon
It was a landmark decision made by the Supreme Court of the United States. The question was whether to make women equal to men when applying for a job. The law did not recognize differences between women and men.
William H. Taft , republican, wins the elections and beats William J. Bryan.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is a civil rights association to advance justice for African Americans. It was founded by the people from the Niagara Movement, such as W.E.B. Dubois in NYC.
It allows Congress to impose an income tax without calculating it based on the States' population.
National Urban League
It was founded in NYC by Ruth Standish and George E. Haynes. It is a nonpartisan historic civil rights organization that stands for African American discrimination and social justice.
Triangle Shirtwaist fire
It happened in Greenwich, Manhattan, NYC. It was the deadliest industrial fire in the history of New York City and one of the worse in the State's history as well.
Establishment of the Department of Labor
It is a department responsible for everything job-related like safety, occupation rate and job seek.
With this amendment the senators are elected by the people of the States but before this they were elected by the States' legislatures.
Underwood - Simmons Tariff
Also called Revenue Act of 1913, with this act, the tax's tariffs were lowered. It lowered the average tariff rates from 40 to 26 per cent.
Federal Reserve Act
A law that created the Federal Reserve System. With this act the Congress wanted to establish economic stability in the US by introducing a central bank.
During WW1, trench warfare were used to fight. Troupes were well protected and had a good sight of what is going on and they could see the enemies arrive. It became a symbol of the Western Front in WW1.
The Clayton Antitrust Act
This act defines unethical business practices.
Federal Trade Commission
Founded by President Wilson, it is an independent agency of the US Government which responsibility is to enforce the civil US antitrust law and the promotion of consumer protection.
The sinking of the Lusitania happened during WW1, it sunk in 18 minutes and it was identified by Germany. Nearly 1200 people were killed.
The Birth Of A Nation
It is a silent drama film inspired by a novel published in 1905. It is about the Civil War, Lincoln and the Reconstruction.
Rise of KKK (early 20th century)
In the 20th century, the 2nd Klan was founded by William J. Simmons and Stone Mountain near Atlanta. During its life, the 2nd Klan had 3 000 000 - 6 000 000 members. The popularity of the 2nd KKK peaked around 1925 and the Klan closed in 1944.
The Democratic Woodrow Wilson beats Charles E. Hughes, the candidate of the Republican Party.
With this telegram, Germany proposed an alliance with Mexico during WW1 against the US. It was coded and it was decoded by the British Intelligence.
Wilson Asks For War
Wilson declares war to Germany.
Federal law passed soon after the entrance of the US in WW1 under President Wilson. It made it illegal to give information about the US to other countries that could have affected the role of the US in the war.
It was a statement of principles, written by President Wilson, used for peace negotiation in order to end WW1.
It is a Congress law that expands the Espionage act. It adds speeches, conducts, expressions of opinion that may put in bad light the US in war.
Hammer v. Dagenhart
The Supreme Court of the United States struck down a federal law regulating child labor.
Also known as Veterans Day, is a federal holiday in the US on the 11/11 to honor military veterans. It is on this day because on 11/11/1918 major hostilities of WW1 ended.
It established the prohibition of consuming alcohol in the United States.
Versailles Peace Conference
(until 1/21/1920) Was the meeting with the winning countries of WW1 to decide the peace terms with the losing Alliances.
Treaty of Versailles to Senate
This was the first time since 1789 that a president presented a treaty to the Senate. Wilson hoped for the Senate approval but feared the Republicans.
What caused his death was his huge tour. He experienced headaches during the tour and collapsed from exhaustion in Colorado. He managed to go back to Washington in late September but only to die of stroke a couple of days later.
League of Nations (LON)
It was the first worldwide intergovernmental organization which goal was to maintain the peace in the world. It is UN's "mother" and ts biggest failure is WW2.
With this amendment, women were given the right to vote.