Progressive Era

  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    (they were enacted in the late 19th century ad early 20th) They were laws that legalized racial segregation. They didn't allow African Americans to vote, hold jobs, study and other opportunities.
  • Tuskegee University

    Tuskegee University
    This was the first university for black students and the principal was Booker T. Wilson.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    Federal law emitted to stop the immigration of laborers from China
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    Federal law emitted to regulate the railroad industry and its monopolistic practices in particular.
  • Establishment of the Hull House

    Establishment of the Hull House
    Co-founded by Jane Addams an Ellen Gates. It was opened in Chicago, Illinois to help and serve European immigrants first arrived in America. During the years it grew bigger and bigger.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    U.S. Congress' legislation emitted to avoid concentrations of power that interfere with trait and reduce economic competition.
  • Muckrackers

    (they existed in the whole era) Journalists in the Progressive Era who exposed to the people the corruption of leaders and important people.
  • W.E.B Dubois

    W.E.B Dubois
    (1868-1963) He was an historic, author, socialist, sociologist, civil rights activist, writer and editor. He was also a teacher at Atlanta University. Racism was one of his polemic's targets and he was against everything correlated to it.
  • Booker T. Washington

    Booker T. Washington
    Between 1890 and 1915 he was the leader of the African American community and the black elite. He was born in the last black slavery generation and he became the voice of his people.
  • Plessy v Ferguson

    Plessy v Ferguson
    (until 5/8/1896) U.S. Supreme court decision about the racial segregation under the "separate but equal" doctrine.
  • McKinley Assassinated

    McKinley Assassinated
    He was the 25th President of the US (1897-1901)
  • Teddy Roosvelt's Square Deal

    Teddy Roosvelt's Square Deal
    (until 1909) It is his personal approach to the individual and his social problems. It embraces his ideals of family, labor, citizenship and religion.
  • Coal Miner Strike

    Coal Miner Strike
    (until 10/23/1902) The mine workers in western Pennsylvania were striking for higher wages, shorter workdays ad ]n the recognition of their union: United Mine Workers of America.
  • The History of the Standard Oil Company

    The History of the Standard Oil Company
    Book by Ida Tarbell, it deals with the Standard Oil Company run by Rockefeller.
  • The Jungle

    The Jungle
    Written by Upton Sinclair, it describes the lives and conditions of immigrants in industrial cities, especially Chicago.
  • Niagara Movement

    Niagara Movement
    Founded by W.E.B. Dubois near the Niagara Falls. It was a civil rights movement for black people. Dubois gathered with the caadian supporters and founded this movement.
  • Federal Meat Inspection Act

    Federal Meat Inspection Act
    Made it illegal to process meat and made sure that the meat was sold after strict sanitary conditions.
  • Antiquities Act

    Antiquities Act
    President Roosevelt made this into law and it gives the President the power to create national monuments in federal lands to protect every kind of features.
  • Food and Drug Act

    Food and Drug Act
    The first act that regulated the importation of food and illegal drugs into the United States.
  • Muller v. Oregon

    Muller v. Oregon
    It was a landmark decision made by the Supreme Court of the United States. The question was whether to make women equal to men when applying for a job. The law did not recognize differences between women and men.
  • Taft Wins

    Taft Wins
    William H. Taft , republican, wins the elections and beats William J. Bryan.
  • NAACP Formation

    NAACP Formation
    The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is a civil rights association to advance justice for African Americans. It was founded by the people from the Niagara Movement, such as W.E.B. Dubois in NYC.
  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    It allows Congress to impose an income tax without calculating it based on the States' population.
  • National Urban League

    National Urban League
    It was founded in NYC by Ruth Standish and George E. Haynes. It is a nonpartisan historic civil rights organization that stands for African American discrimination and social justice.
  • Triangle Shirtwaist fire

    Triangle Shirtwaist fire
    It happened in Greenwich, Manhattan, NYC. It was the deadliest industrial fire in the history of New York City and one of the worse in the State's history as well.
  • Establishment of the Department of Labor

    Establishment of the Department of Labor
    It is a department responsible for everything job-related like safety, occupation rate and job seek.
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    With this amendment the senators are elected by the people of the States but before this they were elected by the States' legislatures.
  • Underwood - Simmons Tariff

    Underwood - Simmons Tariff
    Also called Revenue Act of 1913, with this act, the tax's tariffs were lowered. It lowered the average tariff rates from 40 to 26 per cent.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Federal Reserve Act
    A law that created the Federal Reserve System. With this act the Congress wanted to establish economic stability in the US by introducing a central bank.
  • Trench Warfare

    Trench Warfare
    During WW1, trench warfare were used to fight. Troupes were well protected and had a good sight of what is going on and they could see the enemies arrive. It became a symbol of the Western Front in WW1.
  • The Clayton Antitrust Act

    The Clayton Antitrust Act
    This act defines unethical business practices.
  • Federal Trade Commission

    Federal Trade Commission
    Founded by President Wilson, it is an independent agency of the US Government which responsibility is to enforce the civil US antitrust law and the promotion of consumer protection.
  • Lusitania Sunk

    Lusitania Sunk
    The sinking of the Lusitania happened during WW1, it sunk in 18 minutes and it was identified by Germany. Nearly 1200 people were killed.
  • The Birth Of A Nation

    The Birth Of A Nation
    It is a silent drama film inspired by a novel published in 1905. It is about the Civil War, Lincoln and the Reconstruction.
  • Rise of KKK (early 20th century)

    Rise of KKK (early 20th century)
    In the 20th century, the 2nd Klan was founded by William J. Simmons and Stone Mountain near Atlanta. During its life, the 2nd Klan had 3 000 000 - 6 000 000 members. The popularity of the 2nd KKK peaked around 1925 and the Klan closed in 1944.
  • Wilson Elected

    Wilson Elected
    The Democratic Woodrow Wilson beats Charles E. Hughes, the candidate of the Republican Party.
  • Zimmerman Telegram

    Zimmerman Telegram
    With this telegram, Germany proposed an alliance with Mexico during WW1 against the US. It was coded and it was decoded by the British Intelligence.
  • Wilson Asks For War

    Wilson Asks For War
    Wilson declares war to Germany.
  • Espionage Act

    Espionage Act
    Federal law passed soon after the entrance of the US in WW1 under President Wilson. It made it illegal to give information about the US to other countries that could have affected the role of the US in the war.
  • Fourteen Points

    Fourteen Points
    It was a statement of principles, written by President Wilson, used for peace negotiation in order to end WW1.
  • Sedition Act

    Sedition Act
    It is a Congress law that expands the Espionage act. It adds speeches, conducts, expressions of opinion that may put in bad light the US in war.
  • Hammer v. Dagenhart

    Hammer v. Dagenhart
    The Supreme Court of the United States struck down a federal law regulating child labor.
  • Armistice Day

    Armistice Day
    Also known as Veterans Day, is a federal holiday in the US on the 11/11 to honor military veterans. It is on this day because on 11/11/1918 major hostilities of WW1 ended.
  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
    It established the prohibition of consuming alcohol in the United States.
  • Versailles Peace Conference

    Versailles Peace Conference
    (until 1/21/1920) Was the meeting with the winning countries of WW1 to decide the peace terms with the losing Alliances.
  • Treaty of Versailles to Senate

    Treaty of Versailles to Senate
    This was the first time since 1789 that a president presented a treaty to the Senate. Wilson hoped for the Senate approval but feared the Republicans.
  • Wilson Stroke

    Wilson Stroke
    What caused his death was his huge tour. He experienced headaches during the tour and collapsed from exhaustion in Colorado. He managed to go back to Washington in late September but only to die of stroke a couple of days later.
  • League of Nations (LON)

    League of Nations (LON)
    It was the first worldwide intergovernmental organization which goal was to maintain the peace in the world. It is UN's "mother" and ts biggest failure is WW2.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    With this amendment, women were given the right to vote.