Tuskegee Institute is a private university for African Americans and was designated as a historic site by the National Park Service. It was founded in 1881 as the normal school for Colored Teachers.
Chinese Exclusion Act
The Chinese Exclusion Act restricted immigration in the United States. Asians were declared ineligible for naturalization, even if they were born in America. These Asian immigrants remained ineligible until 1943. The purpose was to get rid of the Chinese because Whites believed they were taking away the White's jobs.
Interstate Commerce Act
This Act was to make railroads an industry to federal regulation, to constrain the conduct of railroads. Railroads were a big monopoly and the government realized it needed to be limited until it was no longer a threat.
Jane Addams- Hull House
This was created to provide recreational facilities for children, fought child labor laws, and helped immigrants become U.S. citizens.
Muckrackers were reform journalists who exposed corruption in America. They had huge audiences in magazines and played a high role in the Progressive Era. They uncovered poverty, child labor, monopolies, working condition, and prostitution.
Sherman Antitrust Act
This Act was the first federal act enacted to outlaw formal cartels and monopolies in commerce.
Plessy V. Ferguson
Plessy v. Ferguson was a court case that upheld the racial segregation in the United States. It started when Plessy refused to sit in the car for black people. The court ruled that Plessy's rights were not violated.
Booker T. Washington
Booker was born into slavery and found the Negro Business League. He was a known writer, and helped gain equality through education for African Americans.
William McKinley was the 25th President and was shot six months into his second term. He was shot twice in the abdomen while shaking hands with Leon Czolgosz. He was the third president to be assassinated.
Coal Miner Strike
A strike in Pennsylvania threatened the coal industry. Miners wanted higher wages, shorter workdays, and recognition. America relied on coal for heat. After the strike, miners got 10% higher wages and a one hour reduced work hour. Teddy Roosevelt got involved and was on the miner's side
Ida Tarbell- "The History of Standard Oil"
This book exposed John Rockefeller in the Oil company. This caused the outcry of the public and the breakup of Standard Oil
The Niagara Movement was a movement to get political and social equality for African Americans. They failed to gain national momentum and suffered financial resources. The result of the movement was the NAACP, and they disbanded in 1911.
Federal Meat Inspection Act
This is a law that makes it illegal to misbrand meat and meat products, and makes meat products to be properly slaughtered and processed under sanitary rules.
The Jungle, written by Sinclair, was about the harsh conditions of immigrants in the United States. It described the meat industry, and showed the harsh working conditions and unsanitary practices in the meat packing industry. This lead to the Meat Inspection Act.
Roosevelt- Antiquities Act
This Act allowed the president to declare public proclamations to historic landmarks, structures, and objects as under control of the Federal Government
Food and Drug Act
This Act prohibited interstate commerce in misbranded food, drinks, and drugs. This was influenced by the book The Jungle.
Muller v. Oregon
This was one of the most important Supreme Cases in the Progressive Era. It made Oregon law limit workdays for females to ten hours.
Taft won 51.6% of the popular vote and most of the South. He was the first Republican to lose the Northern States. He was Teddy Roosevelt's best friend. He was supposed to continue Roosevelt's legacy and doesn't, which ruined their friendship. He hated being president.
The NAACP was a result of the Niagara Movement. It ensures political, educational, social, and economical equality of minorities. It also removes barriers of discrimination.
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
600 workers were at the factory when a fire began in a bin. Their fire extinguisher was rusted shut and the manager couldn't put out the fire. The stairwells and exits were locked and not many could escape. Many died in the fire because of smoke inhalation or jumping to their deaths. The court charged the owners of manslaughter.
The 16th amendment gives congress the power to make or collect income taxes on the states.
Teddy Roosevelt- Square Deal
This was a program that wanted to conserve natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection.
Wilson (Democrat) defeated Charles Evans Hughes (Republican) in 1916. He became the first Southerner to be elected president since the Civil War.
Department of Labor Established
The Department of Labor was made to help workers, job seekers, and retirees by creating work safety regulations, wages, hours, and benefits.
The 17th amendment gave power to the people to have the right to vote for their senators instead of state legislature.
The Underwood Tariff reduced average tax rates for import and exports from 40 to 25 percent.
Federal Reserve Act
This Act was made to establish Federal reserve banks, currency, and a better banking system for the United States.
Federal Trade Commission
The FTC investigates and prevents unfair methods of competition and deceptive acts that would affect commerce.
Clayton Antitrust Act
This Act defines unethical business practices, stops monopolies, and upholds rights of labor
Federal Trade Commission Act
This Act stopped unfair, deceptive, or fraud practices in the marketplace. They conduct investigations, sue, and hold people accountable for violating the law.
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was a civil rights activist and a writer. He is known for The Souls of Black Folk, Black Reconstruction in America, and The Crisis.