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Timeline of British Civilization since the XXth century

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    British Empire

    The handover ceremony in 1997 marked for many, including Charles, Prince of Wales, who was in attendance, "the end of Empire".
  • Creation of the Labour Party, political emanation of the trade unions.

    Creation of the Labour Party, political emanation of the trade unions.
  • The Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU), known as the suffragettes was formed by Emeline Pankhrust.

    The Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU), known as the suffragettes was formed by Emeline Pankhrust.
  • Conciliation Bill

    Conciliation Bill
    Led to the Black Friday, the most violent day in the fight for women.
  • Cat and Mouse Act

    Cat and Mouse Act
    The Prisoners (Temporary Discharge for Ill Health) Act, commonly referred to as the Cat and Mouse Act, was an Act of Parliament passed in Britain under H. H. Asquith's Liberal government in 1913. Some members of the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU, commonly referred to as suffragettes) had been imprisoned for acts of vandalism in support of women's suffrage.
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    The Empire is fighting alongside the Triple-Entente.
  • Women gain the righ to vote

  • Egypt, which had been declared a British protectorate at the beginning of the First World War, became independent even though it remained under strong British influence until 1954.

  • All men and women over 21 years old are allowed to vote.

    it was 30 years old before then
  • Women gain full suffrage

    Women were granted suffrage equal to men in 1928 under the Representation of the people (Franchise Act). The age lowered to 21.
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  • National service act

    National service act
    introducing circonscription for women engaged in army
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    The Blitz

    The Blitz was a German bombing campaign against the United Kingdom in 1940 and 1941, during the Second World War. The term was first used by the British press and is the German word for 'lightning'.
  • Britain exports to Commonwealth represented 45% of total exports.

    Britain exports to Commonwealth represented 45% of total exports.
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    Churchill' three circles

    Churchill said that Britain was the center of 3 circles: they contains the United States of america, Europe and the Commonwealth.
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    Labour Party, Clement Attlee

  • Indepedence of India

    Indepedence of India
  • OEEC ( Organisation for European Economic Cooperation)

    OEEC ( Organisation for European Economic Cooperation)
  • Pathe Reporter Meets

    Mark beginning of Commonwealth immigration to Britain.
  • creation of the National Health Service

    give universal and free accross to health care , first free system in Europe
  • NATO ( North Atlantic Treaty Organization)

    NATO ( North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
  • White Paper on Immigration

    In 1955, the Colonial Office produced a draft White Paper on immigration restrictions and an inter-departmental committee prepared a report on the associated economic and social problems of Commonwealth immigration. The Colonial Secretary, Alan Lennox-Boyd, argued that draft proposals aimed at West Indian immigration were racially discriminatory, as the large majority of immigrants were Irish.
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    Conservative party

    First minsters:
    - Anthony eden (26/05/1955-08/10/1959)
    - Harold Macmillan (08/10/1959-15/10/1964)
  • The Suez Crisis

    The Suez Crisis
    economic crsisi
    The open door policy continued
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    Britain's lenght of confidence

    High optimism, high nationalism end in 1957 because of this period.
  • British Nationality Act

    British Nationality Act
    Created several categories and the commonwealth citizens were granted the same rights as Nationals in terms of right of enter and right to vote.
  • Life peerage act

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    Notting Hill race riots

    The Notting Hill race riots were a series of racially motivated riots that took place in Notting Hill, England.
    "White Defence League", the probleme now were that there were too many coloured people.
    Trouble is not culture or religion, only colour.
  • Britain only accounted for 25% of total exports of Commowealth.

  • First Commonwealth Immigration Act

    put an officially end to the Open door policy initiated by the British National Act of 1958
  • Peerage Act

    The Peerage Act 1963 is the Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that permitted women peeresses and all Scottish hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords, and which allows newly inherited hereditary peerages to be disclaimed.
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    Labour Party, Harold Wilson

  • 1st Race relation act

    1st Race relation act
    Voted by labour government, the Race Relations Act 1965 was the first legislation in the United Kingdom to address racial discrimination.
  • Barbara Anne Castle, first female minster of State.

    Barbara Anne Castle, first female minster of State.
    equal pay act
  • Devaluation of the pound

    Devaluation of the pound
    The English currency is less the victim of a “financial conspiracy” than of the consequences of the economic policy of “stop-and-go” conducted since 1945.
  • extinction of the right to vote for 18 years old citizens

  • Equal pay act

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    Conservative party, Edward Health

  • Adhesion of Britain to European Union

    2 years later, in 1975they will do a referendum about leaving or emain in the EU.
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    Labour Party, Harold Wilson

  • Sex Discrimnation Act

    Sex Discrimnation Act
    The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which protected men and women from discrimination on the grounds of sex or marital status. The Act concerned employment, training, education, harassment, the provision of goods and services, and the disposal of premises.
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    Conservative party, Margaret Thatcher

  • British National Act

    Redefined Commonwealth right and the strict colonial legacy.
  • 50 members in Commonwealth

    50 members in Commonwealth
    Today, there are 53 countries in the Commonwealth.
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    Conservative party, John Major

    The 1992 British general election was held on 9 April 1992, and was the fourth consecutive victory of the Conservative Party, led by John Major, which thus retained its parliamentary majority.
  • Shooting in a pub in Down County, Northern Ireland, 6 dead, claimed by the Ulster Volunteer Force.

  • Tony Blair was elected leader of the Labour party

  • United Kingdom sells Hong Kong to People’s Republic of China

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    Labour Party

    Tony Blair was the first minster.
  • Human Right Act

    Human Right Act
    turning point in social economic and political policy.
  • Omagh bombing in Northern Ireland a car bomb in a shopping street killing 29 people and injuring 220, due to an insufficiently precise warning

  • Devolution was adopted in UK

    Devolution was adopted in UK
  • Constitutionnal Reform Act

    The Constitutional Reform Act modifies the office of Lord Chancellor and makes changes to the way in which some of the functions vested in that office are to be exercised. The Act also creates the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom and abolishes the appellate jurisdiction of the House of Lords. It creates the Judicial Appointments Commission to select people for judicial appointments in England and Wales, and provides for judicial discipline in England and Wales.
  • London attacks of 7 July 2005, a series of four attacks on London’s public transport, claimed by a small group affiliated with Al-Qaeda: 56 dead and 700 wounded.

  • The Colour Bar (Book)

    The Colour Bar (Book)
    Authors : A. Susan Williams, Susan Williams
    Refers to the immigration law of 1790 which made a "colour bar" explicit when it limited the right of naturalization to free white persons.
  • Ecnomic Recession

    Ecnomic Recession
    In the third quarter of 2008, the British economy entered a recession, due to the subprime crisis that began in the summer of 2007 in the United States and which turned into a global financial and economic crisis in 2008.
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    Conservative party, David Cameron

  • First Minster can now dissolved parliament when necessary.

  • Riots

    London and other major cities are shaken by riots.
  • United Kingdom Alternative Vote referendum

    The UK-wide referendum on the Parliamentary voting system was held on Thursday 5 May 2011 (the same date as local elections in many areas) in the United Kingdom to choose the method of electing MPs at subsequent general elections.
  • Same Sex Couples

    The Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act opens marriage to same-sex couples in England and Wales.
  • "No" prevails in the Referendum on Scotland’s Independence.

    "No" prevails in the Referendum on Scotland’s Independence.
  • United Kingdom European Union membership referendum

    The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, commonly referred to as the EU referendum or the Brexit referendum, took place on 23 June 2016 in the United Kingdom (UK) and Gibraltar to ask the electorate whether the country should remain a member of, or leave, the European Union (EU). The referendum resulted in 51.9% of the votes cast being in favour of leaving the EU.
  • Northern Ireland pmt

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    Conservative party, Theresa May

    These are early elections the election was originally scheduled for May 2020 called at the request of Conservative Prime Minister Theresa May.
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    Conservative party

    The Conservative Party led by outgoing Government Leader Boris Johnson went from a relative majority of seats to a large absolute majority, achieving its best results since 1987, while the Labour Party, led by Jeremy Corbyn and a supporter of holding a second referendum on the EU question, won a historically small number of seats.
  • Bombings in London

    Bombings in London
    Knife attack on passers-by in the Streatham neighbourhood; The assailant injures 2 people before being shot by the police after noticing that he was wearing an explosive jacket, which will prove to be fake. The attack is claimed by ISIS’s Amaq propaganda agency