Progressive Era By jujubean2234 1865 Rise of KKK an American white supremacist terrorist hate group founded 1877 Jim Crow Laws state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States. 1881 Tuskegee Institute Booker T. Washington founded Tuskegee Institute to train African-Americans in agriculture and industry and promote the economic progress of his race. May 6, 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act prohibits all immigration of Chinese workers Apr 7, 1887 Interstate Commerce Act designed to regulate the railroad industry 1889 Jane Addams-Hull House goal was for educated women to share all kinds of knowledge Jul 2, 1890 Sherman Antitrust Act federal statute that prohibits activities that don't allow interstate commerce and competition in the marketplace. May 18, 1896 Plessy V. Ferguson Supreme court ruled segregation was legal, as long as equal facilities were provided for both races. Sep 14, 1901 McKinley Assassinated 25th president of the United States, serving from 1897 until his assassination in 1901 in Buffalo NY Oct 3, 1902 Coal Miner Strike Miners striked for higher wages, shorter workdays, and the recognition of their union. 1903 Muckrackers exposed established institutions and leaders as corrupt 1904 Ida Tarbell-“The History of Standard Oil” Tarbell exposed unfair practices of the Standard Oil Company, leading to a Supreme Court decision to break its monopoly. 1905 Niagara Movement organization of black intellectuals that was led by W.E.B. Du Bois Nov 4, 1905 The Jungle Published The novel portrays the harsh conditions and exploited lives of immigrants in the United States. Jun 8, 1906 Roosevelt-Antiquities Act It established the first national historic preservation policy for the United States Jun 30, 1906 Federal Meat Inspection Act prohibited the sale of adulterated or mis branded livestock and derived products as food Jan 1, 1907 Food and Drug Act prohibited the sale of mis branded or adulterated food and drugs in interstate commerce 1908 Taft Wins He carried 23% of the national vote and won two states,He was the first Republican to lose the Northern states. 1908 Muller v. Oregon Court considered whether a state could limit the amount of hours a woman could work while not also limiting the hours of men 1909 NAACP formed civil rights organization in the United States, formed as an interracial endeavor to advance justice for African Americans 1910 Urban League historic civil rights organization that advocates of economic and social justice for African Americans and against racial discrimination in the United States. 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist fire was the deadliest industrial disaster in the history of the city, and one of the deadliest in U.S. history 1912 Teddy Roosevelt’s-Square Deal domestic program,which reflected his three major goals: conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection 1912 Wilson Elected Wilson defeated William Howard Taft and third-party Theodore Roosevelt to easily win the election 1913 Department of Labor Established administers federal labor laws to guarantee workers' rights to fair, safe, and healthy working conditions 1913 Federal Reserve Act establish economic stability in the U.S. by introducing a central bank to oversee monetary policy 1913 Underwood-Simmons Tariff re-established a federal income tax in the United States and lowered tariff rates. 1913 16th Amendment The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, Apr 8, 1913 17th Amendment provides for the election of senators by replacing the phrase “chosen by the Legislature thereof” with “elected by the people thereof 1914 Federal trade Commission Act enforcement of civil U.S. antitrust law and the promotion of consumer protection. 1914 Clayton Antitrust Act enforced the Clayton Antitrust Act and prevented unfair methods of competition 1914 Trench Warfare type of combat in which the opposing sides attack and defend from relatively permanent systems of trenches dug into the ground. 1914 League of Nations created after the First World War to provide a forum for resolving international disputes. 1915 Booker T. Washington the first president and principal developer of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, 1915 The Birth of a Nation (1915) tells the turbulent story of American history 1915 Lusitania sunk Lusitania took a direct hit from a German U-boat submarine 1917 18th amendment established the prohibition of alcohol in the United States. 1917 Zimmerman Telegram a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office 1917 Wilson Asks for War President Woodrow Wilson asks Congress to send U.S. troops into battle against Germany in World War I. 1917 Espionage Act prohibited obtaining information, recording pictures, or copying descriptions 1918 Hammer v. Dagenhart Court struck down a federal law regulating child labor. 1918 Sedition Act the deportation, fine, or imprisonment of anyone a threat or publishing “false, scandalous, or malicious writing 1918 Armistice Day commemorated every year on 11 November to mark the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany at Compiègne, France at 5:45 am 1918 Wilson-Fourteen Points statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I. 1919 Versailles Peace Conference called to establish the terms of the peace after World War I 1919 Treaty of Versailles to Senate president of the United States, personally delivered a treaty to the Senate. 1920 19th amendment The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. 1921 Wilson Stroke was an American politician and academic who served as the 28th president 1963 W.E.B. Dubois an American sociologist, socialist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, writer and editor.