US History 1877-2008

  • Period: to

    Early American History

  • Declaration of Independence signed

  • Constitution written

  • Bill of Rights ratified

  • Period: to

    Civil War/Reconstruction

  • Homestead Act

    provided 160 acres to anyone willing to settle on land in the west
  • 13th Amendment

    abolished slavery
  • 14th amendment

    citizenship & due process
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

  • 15th Amendment

    voting for all male citizens
  • Telephone invented by Alexander Graham Bell

  • Period: to

    The Gilded Age

  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    prohibited immigration of skilled or unskilled Chinese laborers. first US national immigration act
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act

    awarded government jobs based on merit
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    ensure railroad set "reasonable and just" rate and the time government stepped in to regulate business
  • Dawes Act

    gave individual ownership of land to native americans instead of the tribe owning things collectively
  • Hull House founded, first of many settlement houses

  • Period: to

    The Progressive Era

  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    outlawed business monopolies
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    outlawed trusts to promote economic fairness
  • Period: to

    Klondike Gold Rush (Alaska)

  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    legalized segregation, established "separate but equal"
  • USS Maine explodes off the coast of Cuba, starting the Spanish American War

  • Hawaii is annexed as a territory of the United States

  • Period: to

    Imperialism

  • Open Door Policy

    initiated free trade with China
  • Period: to

    Panama Canal Built

  • Roosevelt Corollary

    an addition to the Monroe Doctrine
  • The Jungle by Upton Sinclair is published

  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    regulation of the preparation of foods and the sale of medicines
  • Meat Inspection Act

    law that makes it illegal to adulterate or misbrand meat
  • NAACP Founded

  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Taft's policy of paying for peace in Latin America
  • 16th Amendment

    established the federal income tax
  • 17th Amendment

    direct election of U.S. Senators
  • Federal Reserve Act

    established the Federal Reserve, which helped stabilize the banking industry
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated , starting WW1

  • Period: to

    World War I

  • Sinking of the Lusitania

  • National Parks System created

  • Zimmerman Telegram intercepted by the British, warned the U.S. of a proposed ally between Mexico and Germany

  • The United States enters WW1 on the allied side

  • Bolshevik Revolution in Russia begins, causing Russian troops to exit the war

  • Battle of Argonne Forest, considered the turning point of the war

  • Germany surrenders to the Allied Powers

  • President Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points

    statement of principles for peace after WW1 , included no colonialism, freedom of the seas, and a League of Nations
  • 18th Amendment

    prohibition is enacted and alcohol is illegal
  • Treaty of Versailles

    peace treaty that ended WW1, required Germany to accept full blame and pay war reparations as well as demilitarize
  • Period: to

    Roaring Twenties

  • 19th Amendment

    women are given the right to vote
  • Teapot Dome Scandal uncovered by the Wall Street Journal

  • American Indian Citizenship Act

    granted citizenship to any Native Americans born within the United States
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

  • Charles Lindbergh makes history by making a nonstop solo flight from New York to Paris

  • Stock Market Crash

  • Period: to

    Great Depression

  • Period: to

    Dust Bowl

  • Franklin D. Roosevelt elected

  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) established

  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) established

  • 20th Amedment

    adjusted the dates of the presidential terms
  • 21st Amendment

    repeals the 18th Amendment and prohibition ends
  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) established

  • Works Progress Administration (WPA) established

  • Period: to

    World War II

  • Social Security Act

    established the Social Security Administration, which provides unemployment insurance, aid to the disabled, old age pensions, and insurance for families
  • Adolf Hitler invades Poland, starting WW2

  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

  • Battle of Midway

  • Bataan Death March

  • Executive Order 9006

    incarceration of Japanese Americans for the duration of WW2.
  • "D-Day" - Invasion of Normandy

  • G.I. Bill

    gives military veterans financial and educational benefits
  • United Nations formed

  • Period: to

    Early Cold War

  • The atomic bomb,"little boy" is dropped in Hiroshima, Japan

  • The atomic bomb, "Fat Man" is. dropped in Nagasaki, Japan ending WW2

  • Truman Doctrine

    U.S. policy that gave military and economic aid to countries threatened by communism
  • Berlin Airlift

  • Marshall Plan

    program to help European countries rebuild after WW2
  • NATO established

  • Sweatt v. Painter

    ruled the separate law school at the University of Texas failed to qualify as "separate but equal"
  • Period: to

    Civil Rights Era

  • Period: to

    Korean War

  • Rosenbergs Trial

  • 22nd Amendment

    prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being president again
  • First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

  • Hernandez v. Texas

    Mexicans Americans and all other races provided equal protection under the 14th amendment
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

    Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson and mandated desegregation
  • Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

  • Period: to

    Montgomery Bus Boycott after Rosa Parks arrest

  • Interstate Highway Act

    authorized the building of a national highway system
  • USSR launches Sputnik

  • Little Rock Nine integrated into an all-white school in Little Rock, AK

  • Bay of Pigs Invasion in Cuba

  • Berlin Wall built to prevent people from leaving Communist East Berlin

  • Cuban Missile Crisis

  • Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech at the march in Washington

  • John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, TX

  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    begins undeclared war in Vietnam
  • 24th Amendment

    abolishes the poll tax
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Made discrimination based on race, religion, or national origin in public places illegal and required employers to hire on a equal opportunity basis
  • Medicare and Medicaid Established

  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    eliminated literacy tests for voters
  • Tet Offensive

  • Martin Luther King is assassinated

  • Civil Rights Act of 1968

    prohibited discrimination in the sale or renting of housing
  • First Man on the Moon

  • Tinker v. Des Moines

    defined the First Amendment rights for students in the United States public schools
  • Kent State University Shooting

  • Period: to

    End of the Cold War

  • Pentagon papers leaked

  • 26th Amendment

    moved the voting age from 21 years old to 18 years old
  • Title IX

    protects people from discrimination based on gender in education programs
  • War Powers Act (1973)

    law limited the Presidents right to send troops to battle without Congressional approval
  • Watergate Scandal which leads to Nixon's resignation

  • Fall of Saigon, marks end of Vietnam War

  • Camp David Accords

  • Three Mile Island Disaster

  • Period: to

    Iran Hostage Crisis

  • Period: to

    Iran Contra Affair

  • Period: to

    1990s-21st Century

    Barak Obama : served as the 44th president of the United States, first African American President of U.S.
    Al - Qaeda : militant Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Laden in the late 1980s
    No Child Left Behind : reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act; included Title I provisions applying to disadvantaged students
    President Clinton's Impeachment : 42nd president of the U.S. , impeached for "high crimes and misdemeanors"
    Presidential Election of 2000 : Bush won vs. Al Gore
  • Period: to

    Persian Gulf War (Operation Desert Storm)

  • Fall of the USSR - Official end of The Cold War

  • NAFTA created free trade between Mexico, United States, and Canada

  • Attack on the World Trade Center and Pentagon

  • USA Patriot Act

    tightened the national security, particularly as it was related to foreign terrorism
  • Hurricane Katrina