US History 1877-2008

  • Period: to

    Early American History

  • Declaration of Independence from Great Britain

  • Constitution is written

  • Bill of Rights is Ratified

  • Period: to

    Civil War/Reconstruction

  • Homestead Act

    provided 160 acres to anyone willing to settle on land in the west
  • 13th Amendment

    abolished slavery
  • 14th Amendment

    citizenship & due process
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

  • 15th Amendment

    voting for all male citizens
  • Telephone invented by Alexander Graham Bell

  • Period: to

    Gilded Age

    Rockefeller/Carnegie (Captains of Industry vs. Robber Barons)
    Philanthropy
    Monopoly
    Jane Addams
    Laissez-Faire
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    prohibited immigration of skilled or unskilled Chinese laborers, first US national immigration act
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act

    awarded government jobs based on merit
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    ensure railroad set “reasonable and just” rate and the first time government stepped in to regulate business
  • Dawes Act

    gave individual ownership of land to native Americans instead of the tribe owning things collectively
  • Hull House founded, first of many settlement houses

  • Period: to

    Progressive Era

    Muckrakers
    Initiative, Referendum, Recall
    The Great Migration
    NAACP
    Immigration Issues (Assimilation and Nativism)
  • Sherman Anti Trust Act

    outlawed business monopolies
  • Klondike Gold Rush (Alaska) 1896-1899

  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    legalized segregation, established “separate but equal”
  • USS Maine explodes off the coast of Cuba, starting the Spanish American War

  • Hawaii is annexed as a territory of the United States

  • Period: to

    Imperialism

    Theodore Roosevelt
    Rough Riders
    Foreign Policy
    Immigration Quotas
    Yellow Journalism
  • Open Door Policy

    initiated free trade with China
  • Roosevelt Corollary

    an addition to the Monroe Doctrine
  • The Jungle by Upton Sinclair is published

  • Meat Inspection Act

    law that makes it illegal to adulterate or misbrand meat
  • NAACP Founded

  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Taft’s policy of paying for peace in Latin America
  • 16th Amendment

    established the federal income tax
  • 17th Amendment

    Direct election of senators
  • Federal Reserve Act

    established the Federal Reserve, which helped stabilize the banking industry
  • Panama Canal Built

  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated, starting World War I

  • Period: to

    World War I

    Alvin York
    Homefront
    M.A.I.N. (Causes of WWI)
    Sussex Pledge
    American Expeditionary Forces
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

  • National Parks System created

  • Zimmerman Telegram intercepted by the British, warned the U.S. of a proposed ally between Mexico and Germany

  • The United States enters WWI on the Allied side

  • Bolshevik Revolution in Russia begins, causing Russian troops to exit the war

  • Battle of Argonne Forest, considered the turning point of the war

  • Germany surrenders to the Allied Powers

  • President Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points

    statement of principles for peace after World War I, included no colonialism, freedom of the seas, and a League of Nations
  • Treaty of Versailles

    peace treaty that ended World War I, required Germany to accept full blame and pay war reparations as well as demilitarize
  • Period: to

    Roaring Twenties

  • Period: to

    Great Depression

  • Period: to

    World War II

  • United Nations Formed

  • Period: to

    Early Cold War

    Containment: stopping the spread of communism
    Arms Race/Space Race
    The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
    Communism
    Domino Theory
  • Period: to

    Civil Rights Era

  • 22nd Amendment:

    22nd Amendment: prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again
  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

  • Cuban Missile Crisis

  • Period: to

    End of the Cold War

  • Period: to

    1990s-21st Century