US History 1801-1876

  • Period: to

    Second Great Awakening

    Second Christian religous revival; helped to boost moral awareness of the American public on issues such as intolerance and slavery.
  • Period: to

    Presidency of Thomas Jefferson

  • Lousiana Purchase

    The US purchases the French Lousiana territory of 828,000 square miles for $15 million, significantly expanding the US's territory.
  • Period: to

    Lewis and Clark Expidition

    Expedition led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to the West Coast, and back. Explored parts of the new Lousiana territory.
  • Embargo Act of 1807

    In order to prevent war, the US stops international trade.
  • Period: to

    Presidency of James Madison

  • Invention of the steamboat

    Robert Fulton invents the steamboat, which revolutionized water travel in the US.
  • Period: to

    War of 1812

    Due to British aggression, such as the impressment of US soldiers, and their provoking the Native Americans against the US, America declared war against Britain. War effectively ended with same pre-war relations/
  • Period: to

    Presidency of James Monroe

  • Opening of the Cumberland Road

    First major national highway opens. It was used by many for the journey westward.
  • Acquisition of Florida

    Through the Adams-Onís Treaty, the US acquires Florida.
  • Missouri Comprimise

    Henry Clay works out the Missouri Comprimise, attempting to end debates on slave vs free states by defining a boundary of the southern border of Missouri.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    President James Monroe declares further colonization of North America off-limits to the Europeans.
  • Erie Canal completed

    The 363 mile long canal connects the Hudson river to Lake Erie.
  • Period: to

    Presidency of John Quincy Adams

    Son of John Adams, 2nd president.
  • Period: to

    Presidency of Andrew Jackson

  • Nat Turner's Revolt

    Slave revolt led by Nat Turner. Eventually subdued.
  • Invention of mechanical reaper

    Cyrus McCormick invents the mechanical reaper for harvesting crops.
  • Panic of 1837

    Economic recession caused by excessive economic expansion earlier
  • Period: to

    Presidency of Martin Van Buren

  • Period: to

    Presidency of John Tyler

    Harrison's vice president
  • Period: to

    Presidency of William Henry Harrison

    Died in office
  • Texas Annexation

    Texas annexed into the Union in 1845 after gaining freedom from Mexico.
  • Period: to

    Presidency of James K. Polk

  • Period: to

    Mexican-American War

    War between US and Mexico after tensions from the annexation of Texas. Ended with the US gaining much of Mexican possesions in the Western US, including California.
  • Period: to

    Presidency of Zachary Taylor

    Died in office
  • Comprimise of 1850

    A "package" of 5 bills, including the Fugitive Slave Act, that attempted to reduce tensions on the slavery issue; ultimately, it only made it worse.
  • Period: to

    Presidency of Millard Fillmore

    Taylor's vice president
  • Gadsen Purchase

    Purchase of parts of modern-day New Mexico and Arizona completes US acquisitions of Mexican territory in the US.
  • Period: to

    Presidency of Franklin Pierce

  • Dred Scott vs Sandford

    The Supreme Court rules that blacks do not count as citizens under the Constitution.
  • Panic of 1857

    Exonomic recession caused by an over-expanding economy, and reduced international trade.
  • Period: to

    Presidency of James Buchanan

  • Southern States secede from the Union

    Southern states secede from the Union to form the Confederate States of America, starting with South Carolina
  • Period: to

    American Civil War

    In response to Abraham Lincoln's arrival in office and presumed anti-slavery policies, several states of the South succeded to form the Confederate States of America. The civil war began soon afterward. Ended in victory for northern(Union) states.
  • Period: to

    Presidency of Abraham Lincoln

    Assasinated just after the beginning of his 2nd term.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Civil War battle that is the bloodiest day in US history, with over 22'000 men killed, or wounded.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    A 3-day Civil War battle that is the most costly in terms of lives taken, with at least 46,000 men dead. Considered the turning point of the war.
  • 13th Amendment passed

    13th Amendment permanently outlaws slavery in the US.
  • End of Civil War

    Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrenders to Union commander Ulysses S. Grant. Soon afterward confederate general Joseph E. Johnston surrenders, effective ending the US Civil War
  • Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth.
  • Period: to

    Presidency of Andrew Johnson

    Lincoln's vice president
  • Civil Rights Act of 1866

    Declared that all citizens are equally protected by the law.
  • Acquisition of Alaska

    Alaska purchased from Russia for $7.2 million.
  • 14th Amendment

    Made all former slaves US citizens.
  • Transcontinental Railroad

    Transcontinental railroad completed, allowing quick transportation across the nation.
  • Period: to

    Presidency of Ulysses S. Grant

  • 15th Amendment

    Prohibits the Government from denying or removing the right of a citizen to vote based on "race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
  • Great Chicago Fire

    Just over 3 square miles of Chicago burned in a major fire.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875

    The act was made after civil rights violations against blacks; supposed to "protect all citizens in their civil and legal rights".