Us History 1 Recap

  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    An Italian explorer sailing for Spain who believed that Asia (India) could be reached by sailing west from Europe. His first voyage was in 1492, wherein he discovered North America (Caribbean islands) and named it the West Indies. He will make four voyages to the new world without fully realizing what he had discovered.
  • Period: 1492 to

    Us History I Recap

  • 1508

    Middle Passage

    Middle Passage
    The forced voyage of enslaved African Americans across the atlantic ocean to the new world.It was a triangular trade route. One leg of the route took goods like knives, clothes, ammunition, and guns.
  • Jamestown

    Jamestown
    The first permanent English settlement in Virginia. Established on May 14, 1607. The first foothold in the European competition for the new world.
  • Southern Colonies

    Southern Colonies
    The Carolina's which were made from a big part of labor and they focused a lot on having slaves to do the labor. Something caused a split when some of them didn’t want to have slaves anymore. This then caused there to be a North and South Carolina.
  • Plymouth

    Plymouth
    September 1620 during the religion of King James 1, Group of around 100 men and women, later known as the pilgrims. Also set aboard on the mayflower, two months later they arrived in what is now known Massachusetts.
  • New England Colonies

    New England Colonies
    The first English emigrants who then became the pilgrims. They arrived at Plymouth in 1620. They then later learned how to fish, hunt and farm with the help of local natives. Puritans who thought that Massachusetts was not pious enough then formed Connecticut, and puritans who thought that Massachusetts was too restrictive then formed Rhode Island, a lot of other people then formed New Hampshire.
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony

    Massachusetts Bay Colony
    Settled in 1630, a group of about 1,000 puritan refugees from England under gov Thomas Dudley. In what is now Massachusetts.
  • Middle Colonies

    Middle Colonies
    1664 King Charles ll gave territory between New England and Virginia to his brother James. English soon absorbed Dutch New England and renamed it New York. In 1680 king granted 45,000 square miles of land to William Penn a Quaker, then the land became known as Pennsylvania.
  • Industrial Revolution

    Industrial Revolution
    1700 where they start to move from farms to factories. The first industrial revolution. It began in Britain.
  • Great Awakening

    Great Awakening
    Religious revival in the British American Colonies mainly between 1720 and the 1740s. Under the leadership of John Wesley.
  • French and Indian war

    French and Indian war
    Also known as the seven year war. British called the war in 1756. At the 1763 peace conference, the British received the territories of Canada from France and Florida from Spain.
  • Stamp act

    Stamp act
    In 1765. The first British attempt to raise revenue through direct taxation of all colonial newspapers,paper, pamphlets, cards and more.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    In 1770, Between British and a Boston Massachusetts crowd. The British attacked the Boston crowd because they were being thrown things at and then one of the British soldiers decided to fire at the crowd.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    In 1773 in which 342 chests of tea were thrown out into the Boston harbor from ships. Americans distinguished as Mohawk Indians were the ones that threw the tea. They were protesting taxation without representation.
  • Battle of Lexington/Concord

    Battle of Lexington/Concord
    In 1775 a war between the British and the americans. Acting on orders from London. The British force was made up of 700 men. The British men were met at Lexington Green by 77 minutemen. They aren’t sure who fired the first shot.
  • American Revolution

    American Revolution
    13 Of Great Britain's North American colonies won political independence and went to form the United states.The conflict started as a civil war against the Britain Empire.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    In 1776 a document that was confirmed by the Continental Congress. It announced the separation of 13 North American British colonies from Great Britain.
  • Valley Forge

    Valley Forge
    In 1777 In the American revolution, Under General George Washington. From 1777 to 1778 a period that marked the triumph of morale and military discipline over severe hardship.
  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    War lasted about 6 years.Where it all ended Americans won mainly because of the French. British General Charles Cornwallis and his army surrendered George Washington’s American force and it's French allies.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    First constitution of the United states. It served as a bridge between the initial government by the Continental Congress of the Revolutionary period and the federal government provided under the U.S constitution.
  • Abolitionism

    Abolitionism
    To abolish/ to get rid of slavery. They wanted to get ride of slavery. People in the north put time to the movement to make this happen.
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    Convention that drew up the Constitution of the United states.It was stimulated by a lot of economic troubles which produced radical political movements such as Shays rebellion.
  • Bill of RIghts

    Bill of RIghts
    First ten amendments. They were adopted and signed as a single unit in December of 1791. Made this so people could be somewhat equal
  • Underground Railroad

    Underground Railroad
    to get to the south from the north. Looked for a safe house when they would escape. Harriet Tubman an escaped slave help the slaves get to freedom
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    Doubled the United states. Set Lewis and Clark to go explore what they had just purchased. It was purchased from france. They purchased the western half of the mississippi river
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition

    Lewis and Clark Expedition
    The expedition that Lewis and Clark made to go explore the Louisiana Purchase and Pacific Northwest.
  • War of 1812

    War of 1812
    Second war against the british. The British would interfere with the ships. It ended with the exchange of ratification of the Treaty of Ghent.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    1820 - Made a line that would say if the states would have slaves or not. It was a measure that worked out the North and the South.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    1820s-1830s happened over the Jackson presidency. Was also called the trail of tears. The Indians traveled west
  • Election of 1824

    Election of 1824
    None of the candidates reached the electoral votes. Congress then picked the person that would be president. It was John Quincy Adams against Andrew Jackson. John Quincy Adams ended up winning
  • Battle of Alamo

    Battle of Alamo
    Texans against the Mexican army. It lasted 13 days. It was a Battle so the Texas could get it independence from Mexico
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    1800s- they thought that god gave them that land which made them head west. The people were willing to settle west because they thought it was their destiny.
  • Mexican- American War

    Mexican- American War
    1846-1848 Mexico lost territory. The United States annexation of Texas. A dispute on weather texas ended at the Nueces River or at the Rio Grande.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    They let each territory decide if they wanted to be free or slave states. This happened because they didn’t know if California was going to be a slave state or not since it was a big state.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    It started a movement and after northerners read this book it made them want to join the abolitionist movement. This book was made by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    People from Missouri went into Kansas to vote for the state to be a slavery state. A war that was fought between the proslavery and antislavery advocates for control over Kansas.
  • Dred Scott

    Dred Scott
    Was a free slave that then realised that he couldn’t do much even though he was already free. Said that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional and this decision pushed the country closer to civil war.
  • Lincoln- Douglas Debates

    Lincoln- Douglas Debates
    A series of seven debates between the Democratic senator Stephan Douglas and Republican challenger Abraham Lincoln. This took place in Illinois
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    The first battle of the civil war. The North considered the fort to be the property of the United States Government. The commander at Fort Sumter was Major Robert Anderson, he was a former slave.
  • Confederate States of America

    Confederate States of America
    The csa/ the rebels break away and form their own confederacy. It was going to be made of 11 Southern states
  • Civil War

    Civil War
    It was a four year war. It was between the united states and 11 southend states.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    All of the slaves should have been free.This was something that Abraham Lincoln did.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    1863 the turning point of the war. The north then started to win the war. It was a southern defeat.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Lincoln went there to give a speech. It was a pretty short speech. It is one of the world's most famous speeches. This speech was given at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
  • Appomattox

    Appomattox
    Where the war ended. The South surrenders the North. This then signaled the beginning of the end of protracted Civil war.
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    People found out that there was gold in California and then headed there to try to get rich. Thought that the gold was in the mountains. 1948, More than 300,000 people went.