United States History 1585-1881

  • Period: Jan 1, 1215 to


  • Roanoke Colony Founded

    Roanoke Colony Founded
    Sir Walter Raleigh founded the Roanoke Colony that mysteriously vanished in 1590, only 5 years after its creation.
  • Jamestown Colony Founded

    Jamestown Colony Founded
    John Smith and 105 English settlers founded the first permanent colony in the Americas. It was believed that there was Gold in this New World.
  • First Representative Assembly in the New World

    First Representative Assembly in the New World
    The House of Burgesses, the first representative assembly, was elected in Jamestown, VA
  • Mayflower Compact Signed

    Mayflower Compact Signed
    An agreement to form a self-government was signed by the Pilgrims on the Mayflower. The next month, they reached shore at Plymouth.
  • Providence, Rhode Island is founded

    Providence, Rhode Island is founded
    Roger Williams founded the Providence, RI colony to give freedom to choose peoples' own religion.
  • Navigation Act of 1660

    Navigation Act of 1660
    British Parliament passed the Navigation Acts, controlling trade between the colonies and England. They believed the money the colonies made should be given to the Mother Country.
  • Bacon's Rebellion

    Bacon's Rebellion
    Nathaniel Bacon led an uprising in Virginia because they were angry with Governor William Berkley's policies. Bacon and his followers burned down the Jamestown Colony.
  • Pennsylvania Colony Founded

    Pennsylvania Colony Founded
    William Penn and many German colonists payed for lands near Philedalphia, which made up the Pennsylvania Colony.
  • Salem Witchcraft Trials

    Salem Witchcraft Trials
    In Massachusetts, three girls accused 20 "witches" that were then put on trial and mostly executed.
  • Georgia Colony Founded

    Georgia Colony Founded
    James Oglethorpe founded the Georgia Colony to block Spanish land expansion, and a place where debtors could start new lives.
  • John Peter Zenger Trial

    John Peter Zenger Trial
    John Peter Zenger was found not guilty of libel and all charges were dropped after criticizing the British governor's actions.
  • The Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening
    The revival of religious feeling in the American Colonies during the 1730s and 1740s. Many people thought they were losing focus with their God.
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    The French and Indian War began in 1754. Britain and the Native Americans defeated France in 1763. France gave up Canada and the Midwest.
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    The Sugar Act is passed by Parliament. Placed taxes on lumber, molasses, rum, and etc. in the colonies to pay war debts from French and Indian War.
  • Stamp Act/Quartering Act

    Stamp Act/Quartering Act
    Stamp Act is passed by Parliament put taxes on official documents. Act was repealed in 1766. Quartering Act required colonists to house British Troops .
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
    Parliament passed Townshend Acts that placed taxes on tea, paint, paper, etc. In 1770, all duties were repealed with the exception of tea.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    British troops fired guns in Boston and killed 5 colonists. This event was later called by the Boston Massacre.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    The Men of Liberty burned tea ships and threw tea overboard in Annapolis, Maryland. The first protest on tea taxes.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    First Continental Congress held in Philedalphia to talk about rebelling against the British.
  • Virginia Convention

    Virginia Convention
    Patrick Henry said, "Give me Liberty or give me Death!"
  • Battles of Lexington and Concord

    Battles of Lexington and Concord
    Paul Revere and William Dawes rode to tell the Patriots that the British were coming. The first battles of the revolution.
  • Continental Army Appoints Chief

    Continental Army Appoints Chief
    George Washington is named Commander in Chief of the Continental Army.
  • Common Sense

    Common Sense
    Thomas Paine published Common Sense to pursuade colonists to choose a side(Patriots or Loyalists) to support for the Revolution.
  • France and Spain become Allies

    France and Spain become Allies
    After the Battle of Saratoga, France and Spain become America's allies.
  • Declaration of Independance

    Declaration of Independance
    Declaration of Independance is approved on july 4, 1776 and says, "That these united colonies are of right ought to be free and independant states."
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    Articles of Confederation were adopted by Continental Congress, but were not put into affect until March of the next year.
  • John Paul Jones

    John Paul Jones
    American ships defeated British Ships in North Sea Watersm.
  • British Surrender

    British Surrender
    Lord Cornwallis and British troops surrendered at the Battle of Yorktown.
  • Treaty of Paris of 1783

    Treaty of Paris of 1783
    Britain signed the Peace Treaty that gave America their Independance.
  • Northwest Ordinance of 1787

    Northwest Ordinance of 1787
    Began the continual pattern of growth for the United States. Made the rules and steps to Statehood.
  • Washington Inaugurated

    Washington Inaugurated
    George Washington was elected the First President of the United States of America. John Adams, the runner up in the election, became the First Vice President.
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    The Bill of Rights is entered into The Constitution. It gives citizens individual rights that cannot be taken away.
  • Washington Inaugurated (2nd Term)

    Washington Inaugurated (2nd Term)
    George Washington is elected President for the 2nd term, and John Adams is elected Vice President.
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    Farmers in Pennsylvania protest the Liquor Tax of 1791.
  • Washington's Farewell Address

    Washington's Farewell Address
    George Washington stepped down from office and made a president of a Farewell Address.
  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    Alien and Sedition Acts
    Federalists passed these Acts to silence political opposition.
  • Jefferson Inaugurated

    Jefferson Inaugurated
    Thomas Jefferson was elected the 2nd President of the United States of America. Aaron Burr was elected Vice President.
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    The 1st Supreme Court Case to overturn a law.
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition

    Lewis and Clark Expedition
    Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were ordered to explore the Louisiana Territory.
  • Steamboat Invention

    Steamboat Invention
    Robert Fulton invented and successfully rode the 1st steamboat from New York City to Albany. Sparked the Industrial Revolution.
  • War of 1812

    War of 1812
    Congress declares war with Britain after American sailors are impressed, blocked trade with France, and became allies with the Native Americans.
  • Battle of Lake Erie

    Battle of Lake Erie
    Oliver H. Perry defeated British fleet on Lake Erie.
  • Maryland Invasion

    Maryland Invasion
    British troops invaded Maryland and burned down the Capitol and White House. Francis Scott Key wrote The Star-Spangled Banner. After American victory at Lake Champlain, Britain and America signed a Peace treaty on December 24th.
  • Florida Annexed

    Florida Annexed
    Spain ceded Florida to the United States.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    The Monroe Doctrine was enunciated by President James Monroe.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, which forced the Cherokee Indians to walk to territory in the West, also called the Trail of Tears.
  • Slave Rebellion

    Slave Rebellion
    Nat Turner led a large group of Slaves to Virginia where they killed 57 white men. Nat Turner was caught and executed on November 11.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    The Fugitive Slave Act signed by President Andrew Jackson was put into effect, as more than 10,000 Cherokees walked to Oklahoma on the Trail of Tears.
  • Telegraph Invention

    Telegraph Invention
    Samuel F.B. Morse made the first successful telegraph which also sparked the Industrial Revolution. It said, "What hath God wrought!"
  • Mexican War

    Mexican War
    Border clash between Texas and Mexico sparked Mexico declaring war against the United States. America won, and Mexico gave us Texas.
  • Oregon Territory

    Oregon Territory
    Peace Treaty is signed with Britain, which gives us the Oregon Territory,
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    Gold is found in California. 80,000 people came in search from all over the world. Sparked the Immigration Boom.
  • Seneca Falls Convention

    Seneca Falls Convention
    Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton led the Convention on Womens' Rights.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    California became the 31st state. Slavery is forbidden.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Harriet Breecher Stowe published Uncle Tom's Cabin,
  • Republican Party formation

    Republican Party formation
    Opposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which gave settlers a right to go to Kansas and vote on Slavery-AntiSlavery. Became known as "Bloody Kansas".
  • Dred Scott v. Sanford

    Dred Scott v. Sanford
    Ruled the Missouri Compromise Unconstitutional. Said that slaves were not citizens of the United States of America.
  • Harper's Ferry

    Harper's Ferry
    John Brown and abolitionists seized U.S. armory and rebelled. Brown was caught and executed for Treason.
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16th President of the United States of America. Southern states seceded. Major cause of the Civil War.
  • Civil War Begins

    Civil War Begins
    Confederate States of America is formed and Jefferson Davis is President. South captures Fort Sumter, North blocks trading of the South.
  • The Battle of Antietam

    The bloodiest battle of the Civil War. The Union took over New Orleans, splitting the South in two.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    All slaves are freed in the United States. Lincoln gives his Gettysburg Address, and the South surrendures at Vicksburg.
  • Confederate Surrender

    Confederate Surrender
    Robert E. Lee surrenders at Appomatox Court House. The Civil War ends, with a Union Victory.
  • Lincoln Assassination

    Lincoln Assassination
    John Wilkes Booth shot President Abraham Lincon in the head 5 days after the Civil War ends. Booth is caught and executed.
  • 14th Ammendment

    14th Ammendment
    14th Ammendment to the Constitution is ratified, giving citizenship to all American born people of any race.
  • 15th Ammendment

    15th Ammendment
    15th Ammendment to the Constitution is ratified, giving citizens of any race the right to vote on Government Representatives,
  • American Red Cross Founded

    American Red Cross Founded
    Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross.