United States History By coachbarton2012+21 Jun 15, 1215 Magna Carta was the first document forced onto an English King by a group of his subjects, in an attempt to limit his powers by law and protect their privileges. Jan 1, 1585 Lost Colony Founded on Roanoke Island. Sir White Releigh left the island and when he returned, everyone was gone... (1590) May 13, 1607 Jamestown Captain John Smith founded the first permanent sttlement in the New World and named it Jamestown after King James. Jul 30, 1619 House of Burgesses First representative assembly in New World, elected at Jamestown, VA. Nov 11, 1620 Mayflowr Compact PIlgrims arrived at Plymouth December 26. They signed an agreement called the Mayflower Compact to form a self-government Jun 1, 1636 Roger Williams Founded Providence in June as a democtically ruled colony with seperation of church and state. Charter granted 1644. Harvard College founded. Apr 13, 1660 Navigation Act Passed by British Parliament. Apr 13, 1676 Nathaniel Bacon Led planters against autocratic British government Sir Williams Berkeley, burned Jamestow, VA. Bloody Indian War ended in New England. Apr 13, 1683 William Penn Signed treaty of Delewre with Indians. First German colonist. Apr 13, 1692 Witchcraft Delusion at Salem 20 alleged witches executed by special court. Apr 13, 1732 First Poor Richard's Almanack Published anually until 1757. Last of the 13 colonies, Georgia, chartered. Apr 13, 1735 John Peter Zenger Acquited of libel after criticizing british Governer's conduct in office. Jul 8, 1741 Great Awakening Movement based on religion. Major figure- Jonathon Edwards Jul 19, 1754 Albany plan Delegates from 7 colonies approve a plan by Benjamin Franklin. Plan was rejected by the colonies. Oct 8, 1755 French and Indian War Began when French occupied Ft. Duquesne (Pittsburg). Fench lost Canada and Midwest. Apr 5, 1764 Sugar Act Tax on imported goods. Mar 22, 1765 Stamp Act-- Quartering Act Tax on documents. Required colonists to house British troops. Apr 13, 1767 Townshend Acts Levied taxes on tea, glass, painter's lead, and paper Mar 5, 1770 Boston Massacre 5 people killed including Crispus attucks Oct 14, 1773 Bosoton tea Party Tea thrown overboard in protest of tea tax.; Sep 5, 1774 Rhode Island Abolished slavery Sep 5, 1774 First Continental Congress Called for civil disobedience against British. Mar 23, 1775 Patrick Henry "Give me liberty or give me death!" Apr 19, 1775 Battle of Lexington and Concord First battle of the revolution. 8 Minutemen were killed. British took 273 casualties. Jun 15, 1775 George Washington Continental Congress named George Washinton Commander of the Continental Army. Jan 10, 1776 Common Sense Written by Thomas Paine. Quickly sold 100,000 copies Jul 4, 1776 Decleration of Independence Was written to declare the official independence of the United States. Oct 17, 1777 Battle of Saratoga Turning point of the revolution. Cut off British escape route, Burgoyne surrendered 5,000 men. Nov 15, 1777 Articles of Confederation Adopted by the Continental Army. Sep 23, 1779 John Paul Jones On the Bonhomme Richard defeatedd Serapis in British North Sea waters May 26, 1781 Bank of North America Sep 3, 1783 Paris Peace Treaty Recognized American independance. Conress ratified it January 14, 1784. Jan 25, 1787 Shay's Rebellion Debt-ridden farmers in Massechusetts failed. Jan 25, 1787 Northwest Ordinance adopted by Continental Congress for Northwest Territory, north of Ohio River, west of New York. Guaranteed freedom of religion, support for schools, and no slavery. Apr 16, 1789 George Washington as President Chosen president by all electors voting. John Adams vice president. First Congress met at Federal Hall. Supreme Court created Federal Judiciary Act. Dec 15, 1791 Bill of Rights Bill of Rights went into effect. Mar 4, 1793 George Washington inaugurated for second term. Mar 4, 1793 John Adams Becomes vice president for the second time. Sep 1, 1794 Whiskey Rebellion Western Pennsylvania farmers protesting liquor tax. Sep 17, 1796 George Washington Farewell address as president was delivered.Warned against permanent alliances with foreign powers. Jun 1, 1798 Alien & Sedition Acts PAssed by Federalists; intended to silence political opposition. Jan 20, 1801 John Marshall Named Supreme Court chief justice. Feb 24, 1803 Marbury vs. Madison Supreme Court overturned a U.S. law. Dec 20, 1803 Louisiana Purchase Doubled the size of the U.S. May 14, 1804 Lewis and Clark Expedition Ordered by President Thomas Jefferson, Lewis and Clark, along with Sacagewea, explored the LA River. Aug 17, 1807 Steamboat Invented Invented by Robert Fulton Apr 23, 1812 War of 1812 Britain seized U.S. ships trading with France. Sep 10, 1813 Battle of Lake Erie U.S. won Battle of the Thames, Ontario but failed in Canadiam invasion attempts. Aug 24, 1814 Capitol and White House burned British landed in MAryland, defeated U.S. force. Feb 22, 1819 Spain ceded Florida Apr 23, 1819 Suffrage White Male voters. Dec 2, 1823 Monroe Doctrine Opposing European intervention in the Americas. Jan 27, 1830 Daniel Webster Damous debate between senator Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne, on state right to nullify federal law. Aug 21, 1831 Nat Turner Black Slave in Virginia, led the local slave rebelion; 57 whites killed. Oct 1, 1838 Trail of Tears From Georgia to Oklahoma May 24, 1844 Telegraph Inventor: Samuel F.B. Morse May 13, 1846 Mexican War Resulted from a border clash Jul 19, 1848 Seneca Falls convention Held by Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Sep 9, 1850 Compromise of 1850 Admitted California as 31st state, with slavery forbidden. Apr 23, 1852 Uncle Tom's Cabin Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. Feb 28, 1854 Republican Party Formed at ripon. Opposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Mar 6, 1857 Dred Scott Decision by Supreme Court held that slaves did not become free in a free state. Oct 16, 1859 John Brown Seized U.S. Armory at Harper's Ferry. Nov 6, 1860 Abraham Lincoln Elected President in a 4-way race. Feb 8, 1861 Jefferson Davis President of the Confederacy. May 20, 1862 Homestead Act Which grantedfree farms to settlers. Jan 1, 1863 Emancipation Proclamation Freed all slaves in areas Apr 9, 1865 Appomattox Courthouse Robert E. Lee surrendered 27,800 Confederate troops to General Grant. Apr 14, 1865 Lincoln is shot :( Jan 1, 1868 Almanac Publication of the New York World. Feb 8, 1870 15th Amendment Making race no bar to voting rights May 21, 1881 Red Cross Founded my Clara Barton.