Unit 9 Timeline

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    Unit 9 Timeline

  • White Primary is abolished

    White Primary is abolished
    PictureThe White Primary was a law that prevented black people from voting in the states primary elections. This made their votes pretty useless since they could only vote in the general election. When the time came for the general elections it really didn't make a difference because the primary elections had already decided a candidate.
    In 1946 the King v. Chapman case changed this. The Supreme Court ruled that the white primary was unconstitutional, and in 1946 blacks voted in their first primary.
  • Intergration of the Armed Forces

    Intergration of the Armed Forces
    Picture and InfoTruman is forced to end segregation in the armed forces due to protests of blacks resiting the draft. Harry Truman signed the order on July 26, 1948 ending segregation in the military. He singed the order because young blacks were protesting and refused to participate in the draft unless the military was unsegregated.
  • Brown vs Board of Education

    Brown vs Board of Education
    PictureInfoThis case involved 5 smaller cases one involved Linda Brown. Eventually all the cases made it to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court ruled that the Plessy v. Ferguson case would be overturned and that schools would not be segregated. However this did not completely end segregation in the school system, but it was a big stepping stone towards ending segregation in schools.
  • Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
    InfoPictureMany big black leaders were invovled for example Martin Luthor King Jr. Rosa Parks was arrested for not giving up her seat to a white person. This was the second time this happened, many blacks pushed for a boycott of busses. On the following Monday many blacks participated in the bus boycott. The boycott was a succes it lasted for 381 days at the end of the term blacks were able to ride busses as equals.
  • Change to Georgia's State Flag

    Change to Georgia's State Flag
    InfoPictureThe change from the 1920's flag to tthe 1956 flag included putting the Confederate flag on the state flag. They wanted this change to happen for two reasons. One to show that they were going to have massive resistence against integration. The other to celebrate the centennial of the Confederate.
  • Crisis at Central High School and the "Little Rock Nine"

    Crisis at Central High School and the "Little Rock Nine"
    PictureInfoCentral High School in Arkansas refused to accept any black students after the Supreme Court ruled for intergration in public schools. The National Guard refused to let the LIttle Rock Nine into the school, causing a crisis. The Little Rock Nine were nine black students who were admitted to the highschool. They were eventually able to get in the school and take classes. One of the nine was expelled and the others continued their education.
  • Hebrew Benevolent Congregation in ATL bombed

    Hebrew Benevolent Congregation in ATL bombed
    InfoPictureThe synagouge was bombed in Atlanta with over 50 sticks of dynamite. Fourtanetly the building was vacant at the time. The Hebrew Benevolent Congregation was target because it was a Jewish place of worship, and the anti-Semitist were active around Atlanta.
  • Sibley Commission

    Sibley Commission
    InfoPictureThe Sibley Commission was established to decide what to do about the problem of integrating schools. The commission interview people in GA about what they wanted to do about the schools. They found that many Georgians would rather shut down the schools than to integrate them. In the end they decided that they would let the schools decide for themselves if they wanted to integrate or shut down. A loophole to this was to open private schools in GA so they wouldn't have to integrate with blacks.
  • Freedom Rides

    Freedom Rides
    InfoPictureMany blacks were invovled with the Freedom Rides, and several noteable blacks participated as well. They were protesting the Jim Crow laws, and trying to desegregate the transit system. The results were horrifying one of the buses was bombed and lit on fire. The other made it ot Birmingham and were involved in a riot at the bus station. The rides didn't have a huge impact but ot motivate the blacks.
  • Integration of UGA

    Integration of UGA
    PictureInfoThe federal court judge admitted two black students into UGA. This caused a kerfluffle in many different ways. Other colleges were anticapting UGA closing because of the law that the legislative passed. It sayed that schools that permitted black students would be cut off from funding. There was a riot outside of one of the black studetns dorm room causing a lot of damage. The law was appealed and the students were able to continue their education.
  • Albany Movement

    Albany Movement
    PictureInfoThe Albany movement took place in Albany, GA. 1,000 of blacks took part in the sit-ins, and multiple well known leaders such as MLK and Dr. William Anderson. The reason that they were protesting was to end segregation in the community of Albany. The people that took part in the protest were arrested and put in jail. The protest weren't really successful they didn't end segregation in Albany.
  • Birmingham, AL Protests

    Birmingham, AL Protests
    PictureInfoThousands of people were involved but yet again MLK is there to help. They were protesting against segregation as a whole. They wanted to be completely desegregated. Many students were used in protest so they wouldn't be jailed. However, they used force to disperse the protest. They used fire hoses, batons, dogs, etc. Most of the older protesters were jailed. Birmingham was a success in the civil rights movement, it was a big stepping stone in the path to desegregation.
  • March on Washington DC

    March on Washington DC
    PictureInfoMany organizations and thousands of protesters took part in the march. MLK gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech moving thousands. They were protesting for jobs and freedom, in the capital. The protesters were left alone there weren't any riots or physical damadge. The protest had a prodigous impact, it caused Kennedy to pass a Civil Rights Act and a Voting Rights Act.
  • 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham bombed

    16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham bombed
    Info and PictureThe KKK placed the bomb in the church, and there were four girls that were killed because of the bomb. The clan targeted the church because it was the meeting place for many high power blacks. The bombing killed four girls that were attending Sunday school, and wounded many others.
  • John F. Kennedy assassinated

    John F. Kennedy assassinated
    InfoPicture In November 1963, John F. Kennedy was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald. The assassination took place in Dealey Plaza in Dallas. The assassination caused a lot of commotion around the world.
  • Civil Rights Act 1964 passed

    Civil Rights Act 1964 passed
    InfoPicture President Johnson signed the act in 1964. He felt it important to pass the bill that JFK died before he could get it passed. The bill allowed the government to end segregation. It desegregated every public place, and if you wanted to start a business you had to hav a pro-civil rights charter.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965 passed

    Voting Rights Act of 1965 passed
    Picture and Info President Johnson signed the act after the riots in Selma, Alabama. The act gave the government the right to oversee elections. It also banned segregrated litercy tests, and it gave more voting rights to non-English speaking citizens.
  • Summerhill Race Riot (ATL)

    Summerhill Race Riot (ATL)
    InfoPicture The Summerhill riot was a four day ordeal. That started by a police officer shooting a black man. They rioted to gain there rights as citizens of the United States. In the end one person was dead, and 20 more were injured.
  • MLK assassinated

    MLK assassinated
    Picture and Info MLK was assassinated at a motel in Memphis, Tennessee. They convicted James Earl Ray for murdering MLK, he was sentenced 99 years in prison. I believe that Atlanta reacted differently to the assassination than other cities. I think since he grew up in ATL. Another reason is that there is a large black population in ATL so they were effected more than some other cities.
  • All GA schools integrated

    All GA schools integrated
    InfoPicture Finally, in 1971 all of Georgia's schools had been desegregated. The Sibley Commsion decided it best to desegregate schools because of business reasons. Thank fully there were many concerned citizens that pulled desegregration through.