Unit 3 key terms-American Expansion & Industrialization

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  • Manifest Destiny

    The term for the attitude prevalent during the 19th century period of American expansion that the United States not only could, but was destined to, stretch from coast to coast.
  • Muckraker

    The term muckraker was used in the Progressive Era to characterize reform-minded American journalists who wrote largely for all popular magazines.
  • Homestead Act

    The Homestead Acts were several United States federal laws that gave an applicant ownership of land, typically called a "homestead", at little or no cost.
  • Ida B. Wells

    Ida B. Wells was a African-American journalist, newspaper editor, suffragist, sociologist, Georgist, and an early leader in the Civil Rights Movement.
  • Nativisim

    the policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.
  • Period: to

    The Gilded Age

    an era of serious social problems masked by a thin gold gilding.
  • The Initiative

    a process that enables citizens to bypass their state legislature by placing proposed statutes and, in some states, constitutional amendments on the ballot
  • Haymarket Riot

    the aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labor demonstration at Haymarket Square in Chicago.
  • Dawes Act

    The Dawes Act authorized the President of the United States to survey American Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians.
  • Jane addams

    Jane Addams started the first Full House Program
  • Andrew Carnigie

    Andrew Carnigie started the Carnigie Steel Company
  • Eugene V. Debbs

    Debbs lead the infamous Pillman Strike
  • The Klondike gold rush

    a migration by an estimated 100,000 prospectors to the Klondike region of the Yukon in north-western Canada
  • industrialization

    The process of a country becoming "Urban", and using machines more for manufacturing
  • Populism

    a doctrine that appeals to the interests and conceptions (such as hopes and fears) of the general population, especially when contrasting any new collective consciousness push against the prevailing status quo interests of any predominant political sector.
  • Progressivism

    a broad philosophy based on the Idea of Progress, which asserts that advancement in science, technology, economic development, and social organization are vital to improve the human condition.
  • Political Machine

    A political machine is a political organization in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses (usually campaign workers), who receive rewards for their efforts.
  • Dollar Diplomacy

    to further its aims in Latin America and East Asia through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries.
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    An Act for preventing the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated or misbranded or poisonous or deleterious foods, drugs, medicines, and liquors, and for regulating traffic therein, and for other purposes.
  • Upton Sinclair

    Upton Sinclair wrote "the Jungle", which was based on a meat packing industry in Chicago
  • Clarence Darrow

    Darrow started working with the American Federation of Labor
  • 16th amendment

    The Sixteenth Amendment allows the Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states or basing it on the United States Census.
  • William Jennings Bryan

    William Jennings Bryan became the 41st U.S. secretary of state
  • 17th Amendment

    The 17th amendment established the popular election of United States Senators by the people of the states.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    an Act of Congress that created and established the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States, and granted it the legal authority to issue Federal Reserve Notes
  • 18th amendment

    effectively established the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States by declaring illegal the production, transport, and sale of alcohol (though not the consumption or private possession). It was reapealed by the 21st amendment
  • 19th amendment

    the 19th amendment prohibits any United States citizen from being denied the right to vote on the basis of sex.
  • Susan B. Anthony

    Presented congress with the 19th amendment, which gave women voting rights
  • Tea Pot Scandle

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    The Teapot Dome scandal was a bribery incident that took place in the United States during the administration of President Warren G. Harding.
  • Theodore Roosevelt

    Theodore Roosevelt became the 26th president of the United States
  • Immigration & the American Dream

    The american dream is the ability to escape religious persicution, and to start life anew
  • Social Gospel

    The Social Gospel was a Christian intellectual movement that was most prominent in the early 20th century United States and Canada.
  • Referendum

    a general vote by the electorate on a single political question that has been referred to them for a direct decision.
  • Third Parties Politics

    used in the United States for any and all political parties in the United States other than one of the two major parties
  • Recall

    a procedure that allows citizens to remove and replace a public official before the end of a term of office.
  • Indian Removal

    a policy of the United States government in the 19th century whereby Native Americans were forcibly removed from their ancestral homelands in the eastern United States to lands west of the Mississippi River, thereafter known as Indian Territory.
  • Suffrage

    the right to vote in political elections.
  • Civil Service reform

    Civil service reform refers to movements for the improvement of the civil service in methods of appointment, rules of conduct, etc.