Unit 2 timeline- Mueggenborg

  • Period: 224 to Apr 11, 651

    Sassanid Empire

    The last pre-islamic persian empire. Recognized as one of the two main powers in western asia and Europe alongside the Roman Empire.
  • Period: 250 to

    Mayan Civilization

    A mesoamerican civilization, had the first fully developed written language and was known for its art, architecture, math and astronomy.
  • Period: 306 to Apr 17, 1453


    This city, was the Imperial Capital of the Roman Empire along with being Europes largest and wealthiest city. Since it's fall in 1453, it's been called Istanbul.
  • Period: 330 to Apr 17, 1453

    Byzantine Empire

    A greek speaking empire with the capital of Constantinople and was ruled by people of descendence from the ancient Roman Emperors. A powerful military, economic, and cultural force in Europe.
  • Period: Apr 8, 600 to Apr 8, 1450

    Unit2 Timeline

  • Apr 8, 610

    Foundation of Islam

    A monotheistic religion that believe in the Quran and Allah. Founded when Muhammed was given the revelations as he prayed by angel Gabriel.
  • Apr 8, 632

    Split of the Sunni nd Shia

    The split was caused by Shias believing that no one should be before Ali in the caliphate since they are of no direct blood relation. Sunnis regarded him as the last of the 4 caliphates.
  • Period: Apr 11, 661 to Apr 11, 750

    Umayyad Caliphate

    The second of 4 major Arab Caliphates established after Muhammed. The capital was Damascus. It was one of the most largest empires the world had seen.
  • May 10, 711

    Muslims Conquer Spain

    This religion in Spain had a huge presence of Culture and was ruled and led by the Arabs and Moors of al-Andalus.
  • Period: Apr 11, 750 to Apr 11, 1258

    Abbasid Caliphate

    The third of the Islamic Caliphates, whos capital was Baghdad. Founded by Muhammeds youngest uncle. The Caliphate flourished for 2 centuries but then went into decline afterward
  • Period: Apr 11, 1071 to Apr 11, 1325

    Seljuk Turks

    Turco & Persian Sunni Muslim dynasty that ruled in Central Asia and the Middle East from the 11th to 14th centuries. They had the Great Seljuk Empire which at its peak, went from Anatolia through Persia.
  • Period: Apr 17, 1095 to Apr 17, 1400


    Many battles of "religiously sanctioned military campaigns" between many powers of the time like Roman Catholics, Europe, Holy Roman Empire, and more.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1138 to Apr 11, 1193


    Ruler that became the Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt. At the peak of his ruling, he ruled over Syria, Egypt, Hejaz, Yemen, and Mesopatamia.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1162 to Apr 11, 1227

    Genghis Khan

    He was the ruler of the Mongol Empire which became the largest contigious empire in history. He united many nomadic tribes which led him to power.
  • Period: Apr 17, 1200 to Apr 17, 1573

    Inca Civilization

    Beginning as a just a tribe, it grew more and more over the years and built great culture along with becoming the largest empire in pre-columbian America.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1206 to Apr 11, 1324

    Mongol Invasions

    This is what led to the Mongols owning mostly all of Asia and Eastern Europe. The speed and force of the expansion is similiar to the Hunnic/Turkic conquests from the Migration period.
  • Period: Apr 17, 1206 to Apr 17, 1527

    Delhi Sultanate

    This term describes the 5 short Islamic Kingdoms in India. The five dynasties that were the Mamluk dynasty (1206–90), the Khilji dynasty (1290–1320), the Tughlaq dynasty (1320–1413), the Sayyid dynasty (1414–51), and the Lodi dynasty (1451–1526).
  • Apr 17, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Originally issued in 1215 and then again in late 13th century was a document which gave much less power to the king and more to the parliment of England.
  • Period: May 10, 1230 to


    Founded in the 1230's the Mali empire was known for it's wealthy rulers especially the most famous, Mansa Musa. It had an influential culture, spread of its language, laws and customs all along the Niger River.
  • Period: Apr 11, 1250 to Apr 11, 1517


    A soldier that was once a slave. The class was of great political importance and went on for a very long time, going from the 9th to the 19th century AD
  • Period: Apr 17, 1300 to


    A cultural movement that started in Florence and later expanded to Europe. It greatly developed education and ways of learning,
  • Period: Apr 8, 1312 to Apr 8, 1337

    Mansa Musa

    Was the 10th in the line of Mansas. He held many titles such asEmir of Melle, Lord of the Mines of Wangara, and conqueror of Ghanata, Futa-Jallon. Along with that, he was probably the wealhiest ruler of his time.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1336 to Feb 18, 1405


    Known as Tamerlane from Persia, was a conqueror of Asia and founder of the Timurid Empire and the Timurid Dynasty. A very contreversial figure during his life and still is known to be one today.
  • Period: Apr 17, 1337 to Apr 17, 1453

    Hundred Years War

    A war between the House of Valois and the House of Plantagenet for power of the french. In the end The House of Valois claimed the title of King of France, while the Plantagenets claimed the thrones of both France and England.
  • Period: May 10, 1340 to

    Songhai Empire

    One of the largest islamic empires in known in history. Located around the Capital city of Gao, they also had a large number of people around the Niger.
  • Period: Apr 8, 1368 to

    Ming Empire

    The Ming was known as "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history." They had a navy and army of over one million people
  • Period: Apr 8, 1371 to Apr 8, 1435

    Zheng He

    Zheng He, known as Cheng Ho in English was a mariner, explorer, diplomat and fleet admiral who commanded ships to Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and East Africa, which were known as the "Voyages of Zheng He."
  • Period: May 10, 1427 to May 10, 1519

    Aztec Empire

    An empire based in their capital of Tenochtitlan, The Aztecs grew through trade and fighting and reached their max in 1519 right before the arrival of the spanish conquistadors.
  • Apr 17, 1436

    Gutenerg Press

    Gutenbergs press began when he partnered with Andreas Dritzehn. Because of his previous works, he was effecient in his buisness.
  • Period: Jan 22, 1440 to Oct 27, 1505

    Ivan 3rd

    Known as Ivan the Great, he was the Prince of Moscow along with being the "Grand Prince of all of Rus'". He ended Golder Horde dominance and tripled the size and territory of his own state. One of the longest reigning russian rulers in history.
  • Establishment of Holy Roman Empire

    A great empire which gradually was split up near the end of its reign.
  • Period: to

    Sui Empire/Dynasty

    Imperial Chinese dynasty which unified China and ended about 4 centuries of division between rivals of the area. It was founded by Emperor Wen of Sui, and the Sui Dynastys capital was Luoyang.
  • Period: to

    Tang Empire

    Followed the Sui dynsty and founded by the Li Family. The reign was interrupted and stopped for a short time by the second run of the Zhou Dynasty. The capital was Chang'an which was the highest populated city at the time.
  • Period: to Apr 17, 1349

    Kievan Russia

    This name was given to the medieval state of Russia by Nikolai Karamzin. The mongol invasion in 1240 is considered to be a big reason why this place fell.
  • Period: to


    Charlemagne- meaning Charles the Great, A king of 2 different kingdoms from 768 to 814, he led the frankish empire to great expansion that incorporated much of Europe and conquered Italy.
  • Period: to May 10, 1235


    The Ghana Empire introduced the camals during trade. This was a huge change and later affected many places as it made travel, communication, and trade easier.
  • Period: to Apr 8, 1279

    Song Empire

    The Dynasty was the first government in history to issue paper money/bank notes along with the first chinese with a standing Navy. They were the first to use gunpowder and first to use "truenorth" on the compass.