U.S. History Timeline (zcough)

  • 1492


    Columbus sets off on his voyage.
  • 1497

    John Cabot

    John Cabot explores Newfoundland.
  • 1503

    First Africans

    First Africans are brought to the Americas.
  • 1513

    Juan Ponce de Leon

    Juan Ponce de Leon explores Florida.
  • Period: 1517 to

    Protestant Reformation

    Protestant Reformation spurs religious conflict between Catholics and Protestants.
  • 1519

    Hernan Cortes

    Hernan Cortes begins the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire.
  • 1531

    Francisco Pizarro

    Francisco Pizarro subdues the Incas of Peru.
  • 1541

    Jaques Catier

    Jaques Cartier, sailing for France, explores the St. Lawrence River.
  • 1561

    St. Augustine Colony

    St. Augustine, the first European colony in present-day America, is founded.
  • Period: to

    Roanoke Island

    Raleigh's Roanoke Island venture.
  • Spanish Armada

    Spanish Armada
    The English defeat the Spanish Armada.
  • Jamestown Colony

    Jamestown, Virginia, the first permanent English colony, is established.
  • Samuel de Champlain

    Samuel de Champlain founds Quebec.
  • Pocahontas

    Pocahontas marries John Rolfe.
  • Africans Arrive

    First Africans arrive in English America.
  • Africans in Jamestown

    First Africans arrive at Jamestown.
  • Plymouth Colony

    Plymouth colony is founded; Pilgrims agree to the Mayflower Compact.
  • Uprising

    Indian uprising in Virginia.
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony

    Massachusetts Bay Colony is founded.
  • Settlement of Maryland

    Settlement of Maryland begins.
  • Harvard College

    Harvard College is established.
  • Pequot War

    Pequot War
  • Period: to

    English Civil War

  • English Monarchy

    Restoration of the English Monarchy.
  • Restoration of Monarchy

    Restoration of the Stuart monarchy - King Charles II
  • Halfway Covenant

    Puritans initiate the "Half-Way Covenant."
  • Virginia Law

    Virginia enacts law declaring that children of slave women are slaves.
  • French Exploration of Mississippi River

    The French explored the Mississippi River valley from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico.
  • Period: to

    King Philips War

  • Bacon's Rebellion

  • Pop'e

    Pop'e leads rebellion in New Mexico.
  • Pennsylvania

    Pennsylvania is established by William Pen.
  • Dominion of New England

    Dominion of New England is established
  • Glorious Revolution

  • Royal Charter

    Royal Charter for Massachusetts is established.
  • Salem Witchcraft Trials

    Salem Witchcraft Trials
  • Period: to

    Great Awakening

  • Georgia is Founded

  • John Peter Zenger

    John Peter Zenger is tried for seditious libel.
  • Stono Uprising

  • George Whitefield

    George Whitefield preaches his first sermon in America, in Philadelphia.
  • Jonathan Edward

    Jonathan Edward preaches "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God."
  • Albany Congress

    Albany Congress adopts Plan of Union
  • Period: to

    French & Indian War

  • Pontiac's Rebellion

  • Sugar Act

    Parliament passes the Revenue(Sugar) Act.
  • Repeal of Stamp Act

    Parliament repeals the Stamp Act and passes the Declaratory Act.
  • Townshend Duties

    Parliament levies the Townshend duties.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
  • Stage of Boston Tea Party

    Colonists stage the Boston Tea Party
  • Coercive Acts/First Continental Congress

    Parliament passes the Coercive Acts; colonists hold First Continental Congress
  • Battles of Lexington and Concord

  • Second Continental Congress

    Colonists hold Second Continental Congress
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Thomas Paine's "Common Sense" is published; Declaration of Independence is signed.
  • Troops cross Delaware River

    General Washington's troops cross the Delaware River; Battle of Trenton.
  • Period: to

    Winter at Morristown

    Washington's troops winter at Morristown, New Jersey.
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Battle of Saratoga; General Burgoyne surrenders.
  • Period: to

    Winter at Valley Forge

    Washington's troops winter at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
  • Americans and French Form an Alliance

  • Battles of Cowpens

    Battles of Cowpens and Guildford Courthouse.
  • Surrender of Yorktown

    General Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown, Virginia.
  • Articles of Confederation are Ratified

  • Articles of Confederation Take Effect

  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris is signed.
  • Newburgh Conspiracy

    General Washington puts an end to the Newburgh Conspiracy
  • Northwest Ordinance

    Northwest Ordinance outlines a detailed plan for organizing western territories.
  • Treaty of Fort Stanwix

    Treaty of Fort Stanwix forces the Iroquois to give up land in New York and Pennsylvania.
  • Land Ordinance

    Land Ordinance outlines a plan for surveying and selling government lands.
  • Statute of Religious Freedom

    Virginia adopts the Statute of Religious Freedom.
  • Constitutional Convention Call

    Delegates call for a constitutional convention.
  • Period: to

    Shays Rebellion

  • Constitutional Convention

    The Constitutional Convention is held in Philidelphia.
  • Period: to

    Federalist Papers

    The "Federalist Papers" are published.
  • Confederation government government is phased out.

  • George Washington Inauguration

    President George Washington is inaugurated.
  • French Revolution Begins

  • Rhode Island Ratifies Constitution

    Rhode Island becomes the last state to ratify the Constitution.
  • Bill of Right Ratification

    Bill of Rights is ratified.
  • U.S. Bank

    Bank of the United States is created.
  • Haiti Slave Revolt

    Slave revolt in Santa Domingo (Haiti).
  • Proclamation of Neutrality

    Washington issues a proclamation of neutrality.
  • Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin.
  • Jays Treaty

    Jays Treaty is negotiated with England.
  • Whiskey Rebellion

  • Turnpike Completed

    Philidelphia-Lancaster Turnpike is completed.
  • Treaty of Greenville

    By the Treaty of Greenville, the United States purchases western lands from Native Americans.
  • Pinckney's Treaty

    Pinckney's Treaty is negotiated with Spain.
  • Wilderness Road Opens

  • Washington's Farewell Address

    President Washington delivers his farewell address.
  • XYZ Affair

  • Alien and Sedition acts

    Alien and Sedition Acts are passed.
  • Jefferson as President

    Thomas Jefferson is elected as president.
  • Gabriel Conspiracy

    Gabriel conspiracy in Richmond, VA.
  • Marbury V. Madison

  • Louisiana Purchase

  • Period: to

    Lewis and Clark Expedition

  • Chesapeake Affair

  • Embargo Act

    Embargo Act is passed
  • Clermont, Steam Boat

    Clermont, the first successful steamboat, sails to Albany.
  • International Slave Trade

    International slave trade is outlawed
  • Participation In International Slave Trade Outlawed

    Participation in the international slave trade is outlawed.
  • Fletcher v. Peck

    Supreme Court issues Fletcher v. Peck decision.
  • Battle of Tippecanoe

  • Charles Deslondes Revolt

    Charles Deslondes revolt in Louisiana.
  • Battle of Horseshoe Bend

  • Treaty of Ghent

  • Hartford Convention

  • Battle of New Orleans

  • Construction

    Construction of the National Road begins.
  • Second Bank

    The Second Bank of the United States is established. The first protective tariff goes into effect.
  • American Colonization Society

    American Colonization Society is founded.
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    Supreme Court issues McCulloh v. Maryland decision.
    United States and Spain agree to the Transcontinental(Adams Onis) Treaty.
    Tallmadge Amendment.
  • Florida &Missouri

    Florida becomes a territory.
    Missouri becomes a state.
  • Mexico's Independence

    Mexico gains independence from Spain.
  • Denmark Vasey Conspiracy

    Denmark Vasey conspiracy is discovered in Charleston, South Carolina.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    President Monroe enunciates the principles of the Monroe Doctrine.
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Supreme court issues Gibbons v. Ogden decision.
    John Quincy Adams wins the presidential election by what some critics claim is a "corrupt bargain" with Henry Clay.
  • Erie Canal Opens

  • Promotion of Temperance

    Ministers organize the American Society for the promotion of Temperance.
  • Andrew Jackson

    Andrew Jackson wins presidential election.
    John C. Calhoun publishes South Carolina Exposition and Protest.
  • "Tariff of Abomination"

    "Tariff of Abomination" goes into effect.
  • Indian Removal Act & Maysville Road Bill

    Congress passes the Indian Removal Act.
    Andrew Jackson vetoes the Maysville Road Bill.
  • Book of Mormon

    Joseph Smith reveals the Book of Mormon.
  • Period: to

    Charles G. Finney

    Charles G. Finney begins preaching in upstate New York.
  • Mechanical Reaper

    Cyrus McCormick invents a mechanical reaper.
  • Cherokee Nation V. Georgia

    Supreme Court issues Cherokee Nation V. Georgia decision.
  • Nat Turner

    Nat Turner leads slave insurrection in Virginia.
  • The Liberator

    William Lloyd Garrison begins publication of The Liberator.
  • Worcester v. Georgia

    Supreme Court issues Worcester v. Georgia decision.
    South Carolina issues ordinance of nullification.
    Andrew Jackson vetoes the Bank Recharter Bill.
  • Henry Clay's Compromise Tariff

    Congress passes Henry Clay's compromise tariff.
  • American Anti-Slavery Society

    American Anti-Slavery Society is founded.
  • National Trades' Union

    National Trades' Union is organized.
  • Martin Van Buren

    Martin Van Buren is elected president.
  • Transcendental Club

    Transcendental Club holds its first meeting.
  • American Defeat At The Alamo

    Americans are defeated at the Alamo.
  • Steel Plow

    John Deere invents the steel plow.
  • Financial Panic

    Financial panic follows a drop in the price of cotton.
  • Elijah P. Lovejoy

    Abolitionist editor Elijah P. Lovejoy is murdered.
  • Period: to

    Eastern Indians

    Eastern Indians are forced west on the Trail of Tears.
  • William Henry Harrison

    William Henry Harrison, a Whig, is elected president.
  • Liberty Party

    Abolitionists form the Liberty party.
  • President John Tyler

    John Tyler becomes president.
  • Commonwealth v. Hunt

    Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court issues Commonwealth v. Hunt decision.
  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty

    Americans and British agree to the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.
  • First Clipper Launched

    Rainbow, the first clipper ship, is launched.
  • Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

    Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass is published.
  • United States Annexes Texas & Mexico War

    United States annexes Texas.
    Mexico War begins.
  • Sewing Machine

    Elias Howe invents the sewing machine.
  • Mormon Trek

    Mormons, led by Brigham Young, undertake trek to Utah.
  • Donner Party Dies en route to California

    Most members of the Donner party dies en route to California.
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    California gold rush begins.
  • Seneca Falls Convention

    At the Seneca Falls Convention, women issue the Declaration of Sentiments.
    John Humphrey Noyes establishes the Oneida Community.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican War.
  • Free-Soil Party

    Free-Soil party is organized.
    California gold rush begins.
  • California Gold Rush

    California gold rush begins.
  • Ain't I a Woman?

    Sojourner truth delivers her famous speech Ain't I a Woman?
  • Fort Laramie Treaty

    Plains Indians agree to the Fort Laramie Treaty.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin is Published

    Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin is published.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin is published.
  • Walden, or Life in the Woods

    Henry David Thoreau's Walden, or Life in the Woods is published.
  • Gadsden Purchase

    With the Gadsden Purchase, the United States acquires 30,000 square miles from Mexico.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Congress passes the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
    The Republican Party is founded.
  • Leaves of Grass

    Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass is published.
  • Bessemer Converter

    Bessemer converter process allows steel to be made quickly and inexpensively.
  • Pro-slavery Acts of Violence

    A pro-slavery mob sacks Lawrence, Kansas; John Brown stages the Pottawatomie Massacre in retaliation.
    Charles Sumner of Massachusetts is caned and seriously injured by a pro-slavery congressman in the U.S. Senate.
  • Lecompton Constitution & Dred Scott Decision

    U.S. Supreme Court issues the Dred Scott decision.
    Lecompton Constitution declares that slavery will be allowed in Kansas.
  • Illinois Senate Race

    Abraham Lincoln debates Stephen A. Douglas during the 1858 Illinois Senate race.
  • New York's Central Park

    Construction of New York's Central Park begins.
  • Raid At Harpers Ferry, Virginia

    John Brown and his follower's stage rais at Harper Ferry, Virginia, in an attempt to incite a massive slave insurrection.
  • First Oil Well Struck

    First oil well is struck in Titusville, Pennsylvania.
  • Comstock Lode

    Comstock Lode is discovered.
  • Darwin's On the Origin of Species

    Darwin's On the Origin of Species is published.
  • South Carolina Secede From Union & Crittenden Compromise Proposal

    South Carolina secede from the Union.
    Crittenden Compromise is proposed.
  • Fort Sumter Fall & Call To Arms

    Fort Sumter falls to Confederate forces; Lincoln issues call to arms.
  • Bull Run Battle

    First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas).
  • Trent Affair

    The Trent affair commences when a Union warship stops a British ship on the high seas and takes two Confederate agents into custody.
  • Abraham Lincolns Inauguration

    Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated president.
  • Peninsular Campaign

    Peninsular campaign.
  • Battles of Shiloh, Bull Run 2, & Antietam

    Battles of Shiloh, Second Bull Run, and Antietam.
  • Morrill Land Grant Act, Transcontinental Railroad, And Homestead Act

    Congress passes the Morrill Land Grant Act.
    Congress guarantees the construction of a transcontinental railroad.
    Congress passes the Homestead Act.
  • Homestead Act

    Congress passes the Homestead Act.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Vicksburg, Gettysburg, & Chattanooga

    Siege of Vicksburg, Battles of Gettysburg, and Chattanooga.
  • Lincolns Refusal Of the Wade-Davis Bill

    Lincoln Refuses to sign the Wade-Davis Bill.
  • Sand Creek Massacre

  • Thirteenth Amendment

    Thirteenth Amendment is ratified.
  • Freedmen Bureau

    Congress sets up the Freedmen's Bureau
  • Surrender at Appomattox Court House

    Robert E. Lee surrenders at Appomattox Court House.
  • Lincoln Is Assassinated

    Lincoln Is Assassinated
  • Ku Klux Klan & Civil Rights Act

    Ku Klux Klan is organized.
    Congress passes Civil Rights Act.
  • Military Reconstruction Act &Tenure of Office Act

    Congress passes the Military Reconstruction Act.
    Congress passes the Tenure of Office Act
  • 14th Amendment Ratification & Impeachment

    14th Amendment is ratified.
    Congress impeaches President Andrew Johnson; the Senate fails to convict him.
  • First Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    First transcontinental railroad is completed at Promontory, Utah.
  • Barbed Wire

    Joseph Glidden invents barbed wire.
  • Telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell patents his telephone.
  • Lightbulb

    Thomas A. Edison makes the first successful incandescent lightbulb.
  • Battle of Little Bighorn

  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877 ends Reconstruction.
  • Great Railroad Strike

    Great Railroad Strike.
  • President Rutherford B. Hayes

    With the Compromise of 1877, Rutherford B. Hayes becomes president and Reconstruction comes to an end.
  • President Rutherford B. Hayes

    Rutherford B. Hayes is inaugurated president.
  • Munn v. Illinois

    Supreme Court issues Munn v. Illinois decision.
  • President James Garfield Assassinated

    President James A. Garfield is assassinated.
  • Standard Oil Trust

    John D. Rockefeller organizes the Standard Oil Trust.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Congress passes the Chinese Exclusion Act.
  • Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act

    Congress passes the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act.
  • Haymarket Incident

    In the Haymarket incident, a bomb set off at a Chicago labor rally kills and wounds police officers.
  • American Federation of Labor

    American Federation of Labor is organized.
  • End of Indian Wars

    Surrender of Geronimo marks the end of the Indian Wars.
  • Wabash, St. Louis, and Pacific Railroad Company v. Illinois decision

    Supreme Court issues Wabash, St. Louis, and Pacific Railroad Company v. Illinois decision.
  • Severalty Act

    Congress passes the Severalty Act.
  • Interstate Commerce Commission

    Interstate Commerce Commission is created.
  • First Electric Elevator

    Otis Elevator Company installs the first electric elevator.
  • Hull-House

    Hull-House, a settlement house, opes in Chicago.
  • Battle of Wounded Knee

  • Congress Passes the Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    Congress passes the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, the Sherman Silver Purchase Act, and the McKinley Tariff.
  • Mississippi Plan Resegregates

    Mississippi Plan resegregates public facilities by race.
  • Basketball

    Basketball is invented.
  • Homestead Strike

  • Ellis Island

    Ellis Island, a federal center for processing immigrants, opens.
  • Omaha Platform

    People's party drafts its Omaha platform.
  • Frontier Thesis

    Fredrick J. Turner's "frontier thesis."
  • Economic Depression Affect

    Economic Depression affects a substantial proportion of the population.
  • Pullman Strike

  • Republic of Hawaii

    Republic of Hawaii is proclaimed
  • Atlanta Compromise Speech

    Booker T. Washington delivers his Atlanta Compromise speech.
  • Cuban Insurrection

    Cuban Insurrection breaks out against Spanish rule.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Supreme Court issues Plessy v. Ferguson decision.
  • The Maine Explodes

    U.S. battleship Maine explodes in Havana Harbor.
  • War of 1898

    War of 1898.
  • Annexation of Hawaii

    United States annexes Hawaii.
  • U.S. Ratifies Treaty of Paris

    U.S. Senate ratifies the Treaty of Paris, ending the War of 1898.
  • Period: to

    Filipino Resistance

    Filipino insurgents resist U.S. domination.
  • Baseball's National League

    Baseball's National League is formed.
  • Yellow Fever

    Army Yellow Fever Commission confirms the cause of yellow fever.
  • Boxer Rebellion

    International alliance quells the Boxer Rebellion.
  • U.S. Steel Corporation

    J Pierpont Morgan creates the U.S. Steel Corporation.
  • Attempt to Arbitrate Coal Strike

    Theodore Roosevelt attempts to arbitrate the coal strike.
  • Northern Securities Company Broken

    Justice Department breaks up Northern Securities Company.
  • Panamanians Revolt

    Panamanians revolt against Columbia.
  • Elkins Act

    Congress passes the Elkins Act.
  • First Airplane

    Wright Brothers fly the first airplane.
  • Ford Motor Company

    Ford Motor Company is founded.
  • Russo-Japanese War

    Russo-Japanese War.
  • Movie House

    First movie house opens.
  • The Jungle

    Upton's Sinclair The Jungle is published.
  • Meat Inspection Act

    Congress passes the Meat INspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act.
  • Great White Fleet

    Great White Fleet circumnavigates the globe in a demonstration to America's rise to world-power status.
  • Muller V. Oregon

    Supreme Court issues Muller V. Oregon decision.
  • NAACP Is Created

    National Association for the Advancement of Color People (NAACP) is created.
  • President William Taft

    William Taft is inaugurated president.
  • Mann-Elkins Act

    Congress passes the Mann-Elkins Act.

    National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is founded.
  • Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire

    Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Congress passes the Federal Reserve Act.
  • Panama Canal

    Panama Canal opens.
  • Clayton Anti-Trust Act

    Congress passes the Clayton Anti-Trust Act.
  • United States Intervenes

    United States intervenes in Mexico.
  • World War I

    World War I starts in Europe.
  • Lusitania Torpedoed

    British liner Lusitania, with Americans aborad, is torpedoed without warning by a German submarine.
  • Louis Brandeis

    Louis Brandeis is nominated to fill a seat on the Supreme Court.
  • National Defense Act

    Congress passes the National Defense Act.
  • Universal Negro Improvement Association

    Marcus Gravey brings to New York the Universal Negro Improvement Association.
  • Zimmerman Telegram

    Zimmerman telegram reveals that Germany is attempting to incite Mexico to enter the war against the United States.
  • United States Enter The Great War

    United States Enter The Great War.
  • Fourteen Points Speech

    Woodrow Wilson delivers his Fourteen Points speech.
  • Signing of Armistice

    Representatives of warring nations sign armistice.
  • Schenck v. United States

    Supreme Court issues Schenck v. United States decision.
  • Race Riots

    Race riot breaks out in Chicago.
  • Red Scare

    U.S. attorney general launches Red Scare.
  • The Treaty Is Presented to The Germans

    The Treaty of Versailles is presented to the Germans.
  • Nineteenth Amendment

    Nineteenth Amendment, guaranteeing women's suffrage, is ratified.
  • Prohibition

    Prohibition begins.
  • This Side of Paradise

    F. Scott Fitzgerald's This Side of Paradise is published.
  • Albert Einstein's Nobel Peace Prize

    Albert Einstein recieves the Nobel Peace Prize in physics.
  • Emergency Immigration Act

    Congress passes the Emergency Immigration Act.
  • Washington Naval Conference

    Representatives of the United States, Great Britain, France,
    Italy, and Japan attend the Washington Naval Conference.
  • Official End of War

    Joint resolution of Congress officially ends the war among the United States, Germany, and Austria-Hungary.
  • The Waste Land Is Published

    T.S. Eliot's The Waste Land is published.
    First radio commercial is aired.
  • League of Nations Observers

    United States begins sending observers to the League of
    Benito Mussolini comes to power in Italy.
  • President Warren G. Harding Dies

    President Warren G. Harding dies in office.
  • Immigration Act

    Congress passes the Immigration Act.
  • Scopes "Monkey Trial"

    Scopes "monkey trial" tests the teaching of evolution in Tenesee public schools.
  • First Solo Transatlantic Flight.

    Charles Lindbergh jr. makes first solo transatlantic flight.
  • President Hebert Hoover

    Herbert Hoover is elected president.
    More than sixty nations sign the Kellogg-Briand Pact pledging not to go to war with one another, except in matters of
  • Stock Market Crashes

    Stock market crashes.
  • Hawley-Smoot Tariff

    Congress passes the Hawley-Smoot Tariff.
  • Reconstruction Finance Corporation

    Congress sets up the Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
  • Glass-Steagall Act

    Congress passes the Glass-Steagall Act.
  • Bonus Expeditionary Force Converges To Demand Payment

    Bonus Expeditionary Force converges on Washington to
    demand payment of bonuses promised to war veterans.