U.S. History

Timeline created by Jordan Epkins
  • • Homestead Act

    •	Homestead Act
    The homestead act was the act that pulled people to expand west by giving people land grants. If they could improve the land five years the settlers got to keep the land.
  • • 13th Amendment (1865)

    •	13th Amendment (1865)
    The 13th amendment, which formally abolished slavery in the United States
  • • 14th Amendment (1868)

    •	14th Amendment (1868)
    The 14th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified on July 9, 1868, and granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed.
  • • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    •	Transcontinental Railroad Completed
    This railroad is the reason people could travel easier, and it introduced more economic opportunities.
  • • Industrialization Begins to Boom

    •	Industrialization Begins to Boom
    America starts to depend on factories for economic uses more than agriculture. This means more jobs, goods that are cheaper to produce, and it made America progress as a nation.
  • • 15th Amendment (1870)

    •	15th Amendment (1870)
    The 15th Amendment to the Constitution granted African American men the right to vote by declaring that the "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
  • • Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall

    •	Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall
    Tammany Hall, also known as the Society of St. Tammany, the Sons of St. Tammany, or the Columbian Order, was a New York City political organization founded in 1786 and incorporated on May 12, 1789, as the Tammany Society.
  • • Telephone Invented

    •	Telephone Invented
    They were spoken by Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, when he made the first call on March 10, 1876, to his assistant, Thomas Watson: "Mr. Watson--come here--I want to see you."
  • • Reconstruction Ends

    •	Reconstruction Ends
    With the compromise, the Republicans had quietly given up their fight for racial equality and blacks' rights in the south. In 1877, Hayes withdrew the last federal troops from the south, and the bayonet-backed Republican governments collapsed, thereby ending Reconstruction.
  • • Jim Crow Laws Start in South (1877)

    •	Jim Crow Laws Start in South (1877)
    Jim Crow law, in U.S. history, any of the laws that enforced racial segregation in the South between the end of Reconstruction in 1877 and the beginning of the civil rights movement in the 1950s.
  • • Light Bulb Invented

    •	Light Bulb Invented
    Thomas Edison and the “first” light bulb. In 1878, Thomas Edison began serious research into developing a practical incandescent lamp and on October 14, 1878, Edison filed his first patent application for "Improvement In Electric Lights"
  • • Wave of Immigration

    •	Wave of Immigration
    The United States experienced major waves of immigration during the colonial era, the first part of the 19th century and from the 1880s to 1920. Many immigrants came to America seeking greater economic opportunity, while some, such as the Pilgrims in the early 1600s, arrived in search of religious freedom
  • • Chinese Exclusion Act

    •	Chinese Exclusion Act
    This act kept the Chinese immigrants from entering the U.S.
  • • Pendleton Act

    •	Pendleton Act
    The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act is a United States federal law, enacted in 1883, which established that positions within the federal government should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affiliation
  • • Dawes Act

    •	Dawes Act
    This act moved the Native Americans on reservations, and the government built schools, churches, and other things to encourage assimilation.
  • • Interstate Commerce Act

    •	Interstate Commerce Act
    The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 is a United States federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices. The Act required that railroad rates be "reasonable and just," but did not empower the government to fix specific rates.
  • • Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth

    •	Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth
    This book was written to tell wealthy people that they should help people and give them better than they can give themselves.
  • • Chicago’s Hull House

    •	Chicago’s Hull House
    Hull House was a settlement house in the United States that was co-founded in 1889 by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr. Located in the Near West Side of Chicago, Illinois, Hull House opened to recently arrived European immigrants.
  • • Open Door Policy (1899)

    •	Open Door Policy (1899)
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    The Open Door Policy is a term in foreign affairs initially used to refer to the United States policy established in the late 19th century and the early 20th century, as enunciated in Secretary of State John Hay's Open Door Note, dated September 6, 1899 and dispatched to the major European powers.
  • • Klondike Gold Rush

    •	Klondike Gold Rush
    The Klondike Gold Rush was a migration by an estimated 100,000 prospectors to the Klondike region of the Yukon in north-western Canada between 1896 and 1899
  • • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    •	Sherman Anti-Trust Act
    The Sherman Antitrust Act, the first federal antitrust law, authorized federal action against any "combination in the form of trusts or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade."
  • • How the Other Half Lives

    •	How the Other Half Lives
    This book is by Jacob Riis and it was written about the life of people who stayed in the tenements.
  • • Influence of Sea Power Upon History (1890)

    •	Influence of Sea Power Upon History (1890)
    In 1890, Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan, a lecturer in naval history and the president of the United States Naval War College, published The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660–1783, a revolutionary analysis of the importance of naval power as a factor in the rise of the British Empire.
  • • Homestead Steel Labor Strike

    •	Homestead Steel Labor Strike
    The Homestead Strike, also known as the Homestead Steel Strike, Pinkerton Rebellion, or Homestead Massacre, was an industrial lockout and strike which began on June 30, 1892, culminating in a battle
  • • Pullman Labor Strike

    •	Pullman Labor Strike
    The strike was an intensely bitter battle between workers and company management, as well as between two major characters, George Pullman, owner of the company making railroad passenger cars, and Eugene V.
  • • Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

    •	Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
    Plessy v. Ferguson was an 1896 U.S. Supreme Court decision that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation under the “separate but equal” doctrine.
  • • Annexation of Hawaii (1897)

    •	Annexation of Hawaii (1897)
    Dole declared Hawaii an independent republic. Spurred by the nationalism aroused by the Spanish-American War, the United States annexed Hawaii in 1898 at the urging of President William McKinley. Hawaii was made a territory in 1900, and Dole became its first governor.
  • • Spanish American War (1898

    •	Spanish American War (1898
    The Spanish–American War was fought between the United States and Spain in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of the USS Maine
  • • Panama Canal U.S. Construction Begins (1904)

    •	Panama Canal U.S. Construction Begins (1904)
    The Panama Canal is an artificial 48-mile waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.
  • • The Jungle

    •	The Jungle
    This book is by Upton Sinclair, and in this book he documented everything he saw going on in the meat packing industry. This book caused the Pure Food and drug act.
  • • Pure Food and Drug Act

    •	Pure Food and Drug Act
    This law ensured that drug companies and the meat packing industry would have better health conditions.
  • • Model-T

    •	Model-T
    The Ford Model T is an automobile produced by Ford Motor Company from October 1, 1908, to May 26, 1927
  • • NAACP

    •	NAACP
    This is an organization that supports the rights of African American people.
  • • 16th Amendment

    •	16th Amendment
    The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
  • • Federal Reserve Act (1913)

    •	Federal Reserve Act (1913)
    The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 established the Federal Reserve System as the central bank of the United States to provide the nation with a safer, more flexible, and more stable monetary and financial system. The law sets out the purposes, structure, and functions of the System as well as outlines aspects of its operations and accountability.
  • • 17th Amendment

    •	17th Amendment
    The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.
  • • Assissination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    •	Assissination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, occurred on 28 June 1914 in Sarajevo when they were mortally wounded by Gavrilo Princip. Princip was one of a group of six assassins (five Serbs and one Bosniak) coordinated by Danilo Ilić.
  • • Trench Warfare, Poison Gas, and Machine Guns

    •	Trench Warfare, Poison Gas, and Machine Guns
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    The types of weapons employed ranged from disabling chemicals, such as tear gas, to lethal agents like phosgene, chlorine, and mustard gas. This chemical warfare was a major component of the first global war and first total war of the 20th century
  • • Sinking of the Lusitania

    •	Sinking of the Lusitania
    The sinking of the Cunard ocean liner RMS Lusitania occurred on Friday, 7 May 1915 during the First World War, as Germany waged submarine warfare against the United Kingdom which had implemented a naval blockade of Germany.
  • • National Parks System

    •	National Parks System
    National Park Service. The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.
  • • Zimmerman Telegram

    •	Zimmerman Telegram
    The Zimmermann Telegram was a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the prior event of the United States entering World War I against Germany.
  • • Russian Revolution

    •	Russian Revolution
    The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union
  • • U.S. entry into WWI (1917)

    •	U.S. entry into WWI (1917)
    U.S. Entry into World War I, 1917. On April 2, 1917, President Woodrow Wilson went before a joint session of Congress to request a declaration of war against Germany. ... The United States later declared war on German ally Austria-Hungary on December 7, 1917
  • • Battle of Argonne Forest

    •	Battle of Argonne Forest
    The Meuse-Argonne Offensive, also known as the Maas-Argonne Offensive and the Battle of the Argonne Forest, was a major part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front. It was fought from 26 September 1918 until the Armistice of 11 November 1918, a total of 47 days.
  • • Armistice

    •	Armistice
    The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was an armistice during the First World War between the Allies and Germany – also known as the Armistice of Compiègne after the location in which it was signed – and the agreement that ended the fighting on the Western Front.
  • • Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points

    •	Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points
    The Fourteen Points was a statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I. The principles were outlined in a January 8, 1918 speech on war aims and peace terms to the United States Congress by President Woodrow Wilson.
  • • Treaty of Versailles

    •	Treaty of Versailles
    The Treaty of Versailles was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers
  • • 18th Amendment

    •	18th Amendment
    After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited
  • • 19th Amendment

    •	19th Amendment
    The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
  • • President Harding’s Return to Normalcy (1920)

    •	President Harding’s Return to Normalcy (1920)
    Return to normalcy, a return to the way of life before World War I, was United States presidential candidate Warren G. Harding's campaign promise in the election of 1920.
  • • Harlem Renaissance

    •	Harlem Renaissance
    The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem, New York, spanning the 1920s.
  • • Red Scare

    •	Red Scare
    Causes of the Red Scare. During the Red Scare of 1919 - 1920, many in the United States feared recent immigrants and dissidents, particularly those who embraced communist, socialist, or anarchist ideology.
  • • Teapot Dome Scandal

    •	Teapot Dome Scandal
    The Teapot Dome Scandal was a bribery incident that took place in the United States from 1921 to 1922, during the administration of President Warren G. Harding
  • • Joseph Stalin Leads USSR

    •	Joseph Stalin Leads USSR
    Lenin died on 21 January 1924. ... Upon Lenin's death, Stalin was officially hailed as his successor as the leader of the ruling Communist Party and of the Soviet Union itself.
  • • Scopes “Monkey” Trial

    •	Scopes “Monkey” Trial
    The Scopes Trial, formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was an American legal case in July 1925 in which a substitute high school teacher, John T. Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which had made it unlawful to teach human evolution in any state-funded school.
  • • Mein Kampf published

    •	Mein Kampf published
    Mein Kampf is a 1925 autobiographical book by Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler. The work describes the process by which Hitler became antisemitic and outlines his political ideology and future plans for Germany.
  • • Charles Lindbergh’s Trans-Atlantic Flight (1927)

    •	Charles Lindbergh’s Trans-Atlantic Flight (1927)
    He was the first man to fly across the Atlantic ocean in a plane. he was flying for 33 hours. when he landed people were tearing off pieces of the plane.
  • • St. Valentine’s Day Massacre

    •	St. Valentine’s Day Massacre
    Valentine's Day in 1929 was one of the bloodiest days in mob history when 7 men were gunned down in Chicago. Al "Scarface" Capone rose to power after a rival gang was in shambles as a result of the killings.
  • • Stock Market Crashes “Black Tuesday”

    •	Stock Market Crashes “Black Tuesday”
    The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday (October 29), the Great Crash, or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began on October 24, 1929 ("Black Thursday"), and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States (acting as the most significant predicting indicator of the Great depression
  • • Hoovervilles

    •	Hoovervilles
    During the Great Depression, which began in 1929 and lasted approximately a decade, shantytowns appeared across the U.S
  • • 100, 000 Banks Have Failed

    •	100, 000 Banks Have Failed
    On average, more than 600 banks failed each year between 1921 and 1929. ... The failed banks were primarily small, rural banks, and people in metropolitan areas were generally unconcerned. ... Failures during 1932 declined to 1,453, and losses to depositors in that year were half those of 1931
  • • Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany

    •	Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany
    On 30 January 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany
  • • Dust Bowl

    •	Dust Bowl
    Black Sunday refers to a particularly severe dust storm that occurred on April 14, 1935, as part of the Dust Bowl.
  • • Rape of Nanjing

    •	Rape of Nanjing
    It was the first step in Japan's drive to control all of China.
  • • Kristallnacht

    •	Kristallnacht
    Kristallnacht revealed to the world the intent and extent of Nazi Judeophobia.
  • • Hitler invades Poland

    •	Hitler invades Poland
    On this day in 1939, German forces bombard Poland on land and from the air, as Adolf Hitler seeks to regain lost territory and ultimately rule Poland
  • • German Blitzkrieg attacks

    •	German Blitzkrieg attacks
    Image result for • German Blitzkrieg attacks (1940)
    Germany quickly overran much of Europe and was victorious for more than two years by relying on a new military tactic called the "Blitzkrieg"
  • • Pearl Harbor

  • • Tuskegee Airmen

    •	Tuskegee Airmen
    The Tuskegee Army Air Field became the vital center for training African Americans to fly fighter and bomber aircraft. In 1941, the U. S. Army Air Corps (predecessor to the modern-day U.S. Air Force) was a segregated part of the military
  • • Navajo Code Talkers

    •	Navajo Code Talkers
    The name code talkers is strongly associated with bilingual Navajo speakers specially recruited during World War II by the Marines to serve in their standard communications units in the Pacific Theater.
  • • Executive Order 9066

    •	Executive Order 9066
    Executive Order 9066, authorizing the removal of any or all people from military areas “as deemed necessary or desirable.
  • • Bataan Death March

    •	Bataan Death March
    75,000 Filipino and American troops on Bataan were forced to make an arduous 65-mile march to prison camps.
  • • Invasion of Normandy (D-Day)

    •	Invasion of Normandy (D-Day)
    The Normandy landings (codenamed Operation Neptune) were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 (termed D-Day) of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
  • • GI Bill

    •	GI Bill
    On June 22, 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Servicemen's Readjustment Act, better known as the G.I. Bill, in order to help soldiers secure stability as they returned to civilian life.
  • • Atomic bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima

  • • Victory over Japan/Pacific (VJ/VP) Day

  • • Liberation of Concentration Camps

  • • Victory in Europe (VE) Day

  • • United Nations (UN) Formed

    •	United Nations (UN) Formed
    A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was established on 24 October 1945 after World War II with the aim of preventing another such conflict. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193.
  • • Germany Divided

    •	Germany Divided
    On June 23, 1948, the western powers introduced a new form of currency into the western zones, which caused the Soviet Union to impose the Berlin Blockade one day later. After Germany was divided into two parts, East Germany built the Berlin Wall to prevent its citizens from fleeing to the west.
  • • Nuremberg Trials

  • • Truman Doctrine

    •	Truman Doctrine
    With the Truman Doctrine, President Harry S. Truman established that the United States would provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces.
  • • Marshall Plan

    •	Marshall Plan
    Image result for • Marshall Plan (1948)
    The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $13,000,000,000 (nearly $140 billion in current dollar value as of September 2017) in economic assistance to help rebuild Western European economies
  • • Berlin Airlift

    •	Berlin Airlift
    The Berlin Airlift: The End of the Blockade. By spring 1949, it was clear that the Soviet blockade of West Berlin had failed. It had not persuaded West Berliners to reject their allies in the West, nor had it prevented the creation of a unified West German state
  • • NATO Formed

    •	NATO Formed
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and several Western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet Union
  • • Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Execution

    •	Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Execution
    On this day in 1953, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, who were convicted of conspiring to pass U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviets
  • • Hernandez v. Texas (1954)

    •	Hernandez v. Texas (1954)
    Hernandez v. Texas, 347 U.S. 475 was a landmark case, "the first and only Mexican-American civil-rights case heard and decided by the United States Supreme Court during the post-World War II period."
  • • Ho Chi Minh Established Communist Rule in Vietnam (1954)

    •	Ho Chi Minh Established Communist Rule in Vietnam (1954)
    Hồ Chí Minh led the Việt Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the Communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at the battle of Điện Biên Phủ. He officially stepped down from power in 1965 due to health problems.
  • • Warsaw Pact Formed

    •	Warsaw Pact Formed
    In 1949, the prospect of further Communist expansion prompted the United States and 11 other Western nations to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The Soviet Union and its affiliated Communist nations in Eastern Europe founded a rival alliance, the Warsaw Pact, in 1955.
  • • Polio Vaccine (1955)

  • • Polio Vaccine (1955)

    •	Polio Vaccine (1955)
    In 1954, clinical trials using the Salk vaccine and a placebo began on nearly two million American schoolchildren. In April 1955, it was announced that the vaccine was effective and safe, and a nationwide inoculation campaign began.
  • • Interstate Highway Act (1956)

    •	Interstate Highway Act (1956)
    The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, popularly known as the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act was enacted on June 29, 1956, when President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the bill into law.
  • • Elvis Presley First Hit Song (1956)

    •	Elvis Presley First Hit Song (1956)
    February 1956. As "Heartbreak Hotel" makes its climb up the charts on its way to #1, "I Forgot to Remember to Forget" b/w "Mystery Train," Elvis' fifth and last single to be released on the Sun label, hits #1 on Billboard's national country singles chart. His first #1 hit on a national chart.
  • • Leave it to Beaver First Airs on TV (1957)

    •	Leave it to Beaver First Airs on TV (1957)
    Leave It To Beaver” aired on October 4, 1957; the last episode was June 20, 1963
  • • Civil Rights Act of 1957

    •	Civil Rights Act of 1957
    The result was the Civil Rights Act of 1957, the first civil rights legislation since Reconstruction. The new act established the Civil Rights Section of the Justice Department and empowered federal prosecutors to obtain court injunctions against interference with the right to vote.
  • • Little Rock Nine (1957)

    •	Little Rock Nine (1957)
    The Little Rock Nine were a group of nine black students who enrolled at formerly all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.
  • • Kennedy versus Nixon TV Debate (1960)

    •	Kennedy versus Nixon TV Debate (1960)
    The United States presidential election of 1960 was the 44th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1960. In a closely contested election, Democrat John F. Kennedy defeated incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, the Republican Party nominee.
  • • Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961)

    •	Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961)
    The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the Central Intelligence Agency-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506 on 17 April 1961.
  • • Peace Corps Formed (1961)

    •	Peace Corps Formed (1961)
    On September 22, 1961, Kennedy signed congressional legislation creating a permanent Peace Corps that would “promote world peace and friendship”
  • • Mapp v. Ohio (1961)

    •	Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
    Mapp v. Ohio, was a landmark case in criminal procedure, in which the United States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment, which protects against "unreasonable searches and seizures," may not be used in state law criminal prosecutions in state courts, as well as in federal criminal law prosecutions in federal courts as had previously been the law.
  • • Affirmative Action (1961)

    •	Affirmative Action (1961)
    Affirmative action policies often focus on employment and education.
  • • Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)

    •	Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)
    The Cuban Missile Crisis, October 1962. The Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962 was a direct and dangerous confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War and was the moment when the two superpowers came closest to nuclear conflict.
  • • Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas, Texas (1963)

    •	Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas, Texas (1963)
    John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on Friday, November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. in Dallas, Texas while riding in a presidential motorcade in Dealey Plaza. Kennedy was riding with his wife Jacqueline, Texas Governor John Connally, and Connally's wife, Nellie, and was fatally shot by former U.S. Marine Lee Harvey Oswald.
  • • Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)

    •	Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
    Gideon v. Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335 (1963), is a landmark case in United States Supreme Court history. In it, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that states are required under the Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution to provide counsel (Attorneys) in criminal cases to represent defendants who are unable to afford to pay their own attorneys.
  • • George Wallace Blocks University of Alabama Entrance (1963)

    •	George Wallace Blocks University of Alabama Entrance (1963)
    "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever"
  • • The Feminine Mystique (1963)

    •	The Feminine Mystique (1963)
    The Feminine Mystique is a book written by Betty Friedan which is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States.
  • • The Great Society (1964)

    •	The Great Society (1964)
    As he campaigned in 1964, Johnson declared a "war on poverty." He challenged Americans to build a "Great Society" that eliminated the troubles of the poor.
  • • Escobedo v. Illinois (1964)

    •	Escobedo v. Illinois (1964)
    Escobedo v. Illinois, 378 U.S. 478, was a United States Supreme Court case holding that criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under the Sixth Amendment.
  • • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)

    •	Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)
    The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution or the Southeast Asia Resolution, Pub.L. 88–408, 78 Stat. 384, enacted August 10, 1964, was a joint resolution that the United States Congress passed on August 7, 1964, in response to the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
  • • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    •	Civil Rights Act of 1964
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, is considered one of the crowning legislative achievements of the civil rights movement.
  • • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    •	Voting Rights Act of 1965
    The Voting Rights Act of 1965, signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson, aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote as guaranteed under the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
  • • Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

    •	Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
    Miranda v. Arizona, was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court. In a 5–4 majority, the Court held that both inculpatory and exculpatory statements made in response to interrogation by a defendant in police custody will be admissible at trial only if the prosecution can show that the defendant was informed of the right to consult with an attorney before and during questioning and of the right against self-incrimination before police questioning.
  • • Thurgood Marshall Appointed to Supreme Court (1967)

    •	Thurgood Marshall Appointed to Supreme Court (1967)
    Four years later, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Marshall as the United States Solicitor General. In 1967, Johnson successfully nominated Marshall to succeed retiring Associate Justice Tom C. Clark. Marshall retired during the administration of President George H. W.
  • • Tet Offensive (1968)

    •	Tet Offensive (1968)
    U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive, 1968. In late January, 1968, during the lunar new year (or “Tet”) holiday, North Vietnamese and communist Viet Cong forces launched a coordinated attack against a number of targets in South Vietnam.
  • • My Lai Massacre (1968)

    •	My Lai Massacre (1968)
    The Mỹ Lai Massacre was the Vietnam War mass murder of between 347 and 504 unarmed Vietnamese civilians in South Vietnam on 16 March 1968.
  • • Vietnamization (1969)

    •	Vietnamization (1969)
    When President Richard M. Nixon took office in January 1969, the U.S. had been sending combat troops to fight in Vietnam since 1965, and some 31,000 American lives had been lost. ... The president announced his Vietnamization strategy to the American people in a nationally televised speech on November 3, 1969.
  • • Woodstock Music Festival (1969)

    •	Woodstock Music Festival (1969)
    On this day in History, Woodstock Music Festival concludes on Aug 17, 1969. Learn more about what happened today on History.
  • • Invasion of Cambodia (1970)

    •	Invasion of Cambodia (1970)
    The Cambodian Campaign was a series of military operations conducted in eastern Cambodia during 1970 by the United States and the Republic of Vietnam as an extension of the Vietnam War and the Cambodian Civil War.
  • • Kent State Shootings (1970)

    •	Kent State Shootings (1970)
    The Kent State shootings were the shootings on May 4, 1970 of unarmed college students by members of the Ohio National Guard at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio during a mass protest against the bombing of Cambodia by United States military forces.
  • • Pentagon Papers (1971)

    •	Pentagon Papers (1971)
    Beginning on June 13, 1971, the Times published a series of front-page articles based on the information contained in the Pentagon Papers. After the third article, the U.S. Department of Justice got a temporary restraining order against further publication of the material, arguing that it was detrimental to U.S. national security.
  • • Title IX (1972)

    •	Title IX (1972)
    Title IX is a comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity.
  • • War Powers Resolution (1973)

    •	War Powers Resolution (1973)
    The War Powers Resolution (also known as the War Powers Resolution of 1973 or the War Powers Act) (50 U.S.C. 1541–1548) is a federal law intended to check the president's power to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of the U.S. Congress.
  • • Roe v. Wade (1973)

    •	Roe v. Wade (1973)
    The US Supreme Court, in a 7-2 decision, affirms the legality of a woman's right to have an abortion under the Fourteenth amendment to the Constitution.
  • • Fall of Saigon (1975)

    •	Fall of Saigon (1975)
    The Fall of Saigon was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (also known as the Việt Cộng) on 30 April 1975.
  • • Berlin Wall Falls (1989)

    •	Berlin Wall Falls (1989)
    The Fall of the Wall. On November 9, 1989, as the Cold War began to thaw across Eastern Europe, the spokesman for East Berlin's Communist Party announced a change in his city's relations with the West.
  • • Germany Reunification (1990)

    •	Germany Reunification (1990)
    the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic became part of the Federal Republic of Germany to form the reunited nation of Germany
  • • Iraq Invades Kuwait (1990)

    •	Iraq Invades Kuwait (1990)
    On August 9, Operation Desert Shield, the American defense of Saudi Arabia, began as U.S. forces raced to the Persian Gulf. Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, meanwhile, built up his occupying army in Kuwait to about 300,000 troops.
  • • Soviet Union Collapses (1991)

    •	Soviet Union Collapses (1991)
    In December of 1991, as the world watched in amazement, the Soviet Union disintegrated into fifteen separate countries. Its collapse was hailed by the west as a victory for freedom, a triumph of democracy over totalitarianism, and evidence of the superiority of capitalism over socialism.
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    Gilded Age

    The term for this period came into use in the 1920s and 1930s and was derived from writer Mark Twain's 1873 novel The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today, which satirized an era of serious social problems masked by a thin gold gilding.
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    Progressive Era

    The Era that aimed to fix all the problems of the Gilded Age.
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    Theodore Roosevelt

    Theodore Roosevelt Jr. was an American statesman, author, explorer, soldier, naturalist, and reformer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
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    William Howard Taft

    William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857 – March 8, 1930) served as the 27th President of the United States (1909–1913) and as the tenth Chief Justice of the United States (1921–1930), the only person to have held both offices. Taft was elected president in 1908, the chosen successor of Theodore Roosevelt, but was defeated for re-election by Woodrow Wilson in 1912.
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    Woodrow Wilson

    Political party: Democrat
    Domestic policies: Clayton Anti- trust act
    National Parks Service, Federal Reserve Act, 18th amendment, 19th amendment
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    • World War I

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    Roaring Twenties

    The Roaring Twenties was the period of Western society and Western culture that occurred during and around the 1920's
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    • The Holocaust

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    • World War II

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    • Harry S. Truman

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    Baby Boom

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    The Cold War (1947- 1991)

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    1950s Prosperity

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    Dwight D. Eisenhower