U.S History

Timeline created by cesarlpz
In History
  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus “Founds” New World

  • 1492

    Columbian Exchange Begins

    Columbian Exchange Begins
    where Christopher Columbus went to exchange New World and Old World such as plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, diseases.
  • Period: 1492 to

    European Exploration Era

  • 1500

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins

  • 1500

    Spanish Casta System Begins

  • Period: 1500 to

    Triangular Trade

  • Period: 1500 to

    Middle Passage

  • 1520

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans
    Smallpox is a disease that spread throw the Native Americans that almost whipped them all out and was believed to come from Americans
  • 1521

    Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortez Conquers the Aztec Empire

  • 1534

    England Splits from the Catholic Church

    England Splits from the Catholic Church
    This happened due that the pope denied the king King Henry VIII's request for a marriage annulment.
  • London Company Gains Charter for Set Up English Colony

  • Jamestown, Virginia Colony Founded

    Jamestown, Virginia Colony Founded
    many people who settled the New Word came to escape religious persecution and find new land
  • Period: to

    Colonial Era

  • French found Quebec on the St. Lawrence River and Engage in the Fur Trade

  • Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe

    Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe
    create a stable economy for Virginia when it was introduce
  • First African Slaves Arrive in Jamestown, Virginia Colony

  • Virginia House of Burgesses

    Virginia House of Burgesses
    first Assembly at Jamestown that the first democratically-elected legislative body in the British American colonies
  • Plymouth, Massachusetts Colony Founded

  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    to pass equal laws and first document to establish self-government in the New World.
  • New Hampshire Founded

    New Hampshire Founded
    was the first colonies to declare independence from England
  • Dutch New Amsterdam Becomes Capital of New Netherland

  • “City Upon a Hill” John Winthrop

  • The Great Migration to Massachusetts Bay Colony

  • Maryland Founded

    Maryland Founded
    Named after n honor of Queen Henrietta Maria and the reason for settling there was due to religious freedom and business and helped to populate the colony was forced migration.
  • Thomas Hooker Founds Connecticut

  • Pequot War

    Pequot War
    who fought were Pequot tribe and an alliance of the colonists of the Massachusetts due to the struggle to control trade
  • Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island

  • Harvard College Founded in Massachusetts

  • Delaware Founded

    Delaware Founded
    Swedes wanted to establish a colony in the New World and called it Fort Christina
  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

  • Maryland Toleration Act

    Maryland Toleration Act
    it promoted freedom of religion for Christian settlers of diverse persuasions in the colony.
  • North Carolina Founded

  • Iroquois Confederacy Formed

  • Navigation Acts and Mercantilism

    Navigation Acts and Mercantilism
    British restricted on colonial trade , and only trade with British
  • South Carolina Founded

  • New York Funded

    New York Funded
    Dutch settled in Hudson river and two years later the establish a colony but the English took control of the area and renamed it New York
  • New Jersey Founded

    New Jersey Founded
    guaranteed religious freedom who settled in New Jersey
  • King Phillips War

    King Phillips War
    colonists desired more land and the main reason for the war the trial and execution of three of Metacom's men by the colonists
  • Bacon’s Rebellion

  • Pueblo Revolt

  • Quaker William Penn Founds Pennsylvania

  • Period: to

    Enlightenment Era

  • John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government Published

  • English Bill of Rights

  • Salem Witch Trials

    Salem Witch Trials
    burn up people who they thought were witches
  • Period: to

    Salutary Neglect Policy

  • The Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening
    a religious revival that impacted the English colonies
  • Georgia Founded as a Debtors Colony

  • Stono Rebellion

  • French and Indian War Begins

    French and Indian War Begins
    Britain declared war on France due to the conflict in the Ohio River valley repeatedly brought France into armed conflict with the British colonies.
  • Period: to

    The Industrial Revolution

  • French and Indian War Ends

    French and Indian War Ends
    the British won the war and gain the land from France east of the Mississippi river
  • Proclamation Line of 1763

    Proclamation Line of 1763
    colonist weren't allowed to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Period: to

    Revolutionary Era

  • Period: to

    Republican Motherhood

    mouthers were responsible to teach children to practice the principles of republicanism
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    taxed goods like sugar, coffee, and cloth, the colonist didn't like that
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    imposed a direct tax on the colonists
  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    where British solders where on stand by and the colonist had to house them and pay taxes
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
    that taxed goods imported to the American colonies
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    where British solders shot many colonist people/mob
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    where you could only buy tea from a Tea company of British
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    was a protist on "taxation without representation", dumped 342 chests of tea, imported by the British East India Company into the harbor.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    was a punishment t to Massachusetts colonists for throwing tea in the ocean
  • First Continental Congress

  • Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Published

  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

  • Second Continental Congress

  • Continental Army Lead by General George Washington

  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    colonists' motivations for seeking independence from Britain
  • Benjamin Franklin Becomes French Ambassador

  • Adam Smith Publishes “The Wealth of Nations”

    Adam Smith Publishes “The Wealth of Nations”
    where people work for there own good/it is a self-interest and government should not interfere
  • Winter at Valley Forge

    Winter at Valley Forge
    where hundred American solider died trying to survive the winter
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Battle of Saratoga
    a turning point to in the Revolutionary War
  • Articles of Confederation

  • Period: to

    Abolition Movement

  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    where the America won the battle of York Town and British surrendering
  • Treaty of Paris of 1783

    Treaty of Paris of 1783
    officially ending the American Revolutionary War
  • Shays’ Rebellion

    Shays’ Rebellion
    Massachusetts to protest what he perceived as the unjust economic policies and political corruption
  • Federalist Papers

  • Constitutional Convention/ Philadelphia Convention

    Constitutional Convention/ Philadelphia Convention
    address the problems of the weak central government that existed under the Articles of Confederation.
  • U.S. Constitution

    U.S. Constitution
    supreme law of the United States of America
  • The Great Compromise

    The Great Compromise
    established the Senate and the House of Representatives and allowed for them to work efficiently.
  • The 3/5ths Compromise

  • Bill of Rights Added to U.S. Constitution

  • Bill of Rights Added to U.S. Constitution

    Bill of Rights Added to U.S. Constitution
    freedom of speech, press, and religion
  • The French Revolution Begins

    The French Revolution Begins
    on July 14 when rioters stormed the Bastille fortress in an attempt to secure gunpowder and weapon
  • Washington Elected 1st President

    Washington Elected 1st President
    first president of the United States by all 69 presidential electors who cast their votes
  • Washington Creates Presidential Cabinet

    Washington Creates Presidential Cabinet
    Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of War Henry Knox, and Attorney General Edmund Randolph.
  • Washington D.C. Becomes New US Capital

    Washington D.C. Becomes New US Capital
    Potomac River between Maryland and Virginia will be the nation's permanent capital.
  • Period: to

    The Second Great Awakening

  • Alexander Hamilton Gets Congress to Approve National Bank

    Alexander Hamilton Gets Congress to Approve National Bank
    Hamilton proposed a national bank
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    tax protest and Armed resistance eliminated,
  • Cotton Gin and Interchangeable Parts Invented by Eli Whitney

    Cotton Gin and Interchangeable Parts Invented by Eli Whitney
    Created cotton gin to stop slavery but was the opposite
  • Washington’s Farewell Address

    Washington’s Farewell Address
    where George Washington left a letter where he set 3 rules for the future
  • XYZ Affair

    XYZ Affair
    involving a confrontation between the United States and Republican France that led to the Quasi-War.
  • John Adams (Federalist) Elected 2nd President

    John Adams (Federalist) Elected 2nd President
    2nd president
  • First Two-Party System Created (Dem-Rep vs Federalist)

  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    Alien and Sedition Acts
    four laws–which remain controversial to this day–restricted the activities of foreign residents in the country and limited freedom of speech and of the press
  • Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

    Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
    Kentucky and Virginia legislatures took the position that the federal Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional.
  • The Market Revolution Begins

    The Market Revolution Begins
    changes the economic, due to them factories
  • Election of 1800 and the Start of the Jeffersonian Era

  • Cult of Domesticity Begins

  • Period: to

    Manifest Destiny

    where Americans wanted to settle west and expand
  • Thomas Jefferson (Democratic Republican) Elected 3rd President

  • Steam Locomotive Invented in Great Britain

  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    Thomas Jefferson brought the land from France
  • Marbury v. Madison

  • James Madison (Democratic Republican) Elected 4th President

  • British Impressment of US Sailors

  • War Hawks in Congress Support War Against British

  • War of 1812 Begins

  • Treaty of Ghent

    Treaty of Ghent
    peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain.
  • Francis Scott Key Writes the Star Spangled Banner

  • Federalist Party Collapses

  • Period: to

    Era of Good Feelings

  • Tariff of 1816

    Tariff of 1816
    A tariff on manufactured goods, including war industry products, was deemed essential in the interests of national defense
  • James Monroe (Democratic Republican) Elected 5th President

  • Adam- Onis Treaty/ Spain Ceded Florida to U.S.

  • Compromise of 1820

    Compromise of 1820
    admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state
  • Universal Male Suffrage Begins to Rise

  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    forbidding European powers from colonizing additional territories in the Americas.
  • Henry Clay’s “American System”

  • Erie Canal Built

    Erie Canal Built
    built to create a navigable water route from New York City and the Atlantic Ocean
  • John Quincy Adams (Democratic Republican) Elected 6th President

  • Lowell, Massachusetts Textile Mill Employs Women

  • Andrew Jackson (Democrat) Elected 7th President

  • Second Two-Party System Created (Democrats vs Whigs)

  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Native American tribes for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for white settlement of their ancestral lands
  • Abolition Movement Begins

  • Mexican American War Begins

  • Trail of Tears Begins

  • William Lloyd Garrison Publishes Abolitionist Newspaper “The Liberator”

  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
    first time tensions between state and federal authority almost led to a civil war.
  • Andrew Jackson Vetos National Bank

  • Texas Revolution and Independence from Mexico

    Texas Revolution and Independence from Mexico
    Where U.S and Mexico over land
  • Horace Mann Advocates for Public Schools

  • Increased Irish and German Immigration to the North

  • Federal Support Given to Samuel Morse to Construct Telegraph Lines

  • Dorothea Dix Advocates for Mentally Ill and Prison Reform

    Dorothea Dix Advocates for Mentally Ill and Prison Reform
    wanted to free them from prison
  • James K. Polk Elected US President (Democrat)

  • Irish Potato Famine Begins

    Irish Potato Famine Begins
    fungus-like organism called Phytophthora infestans (or P. infestans) spread rapidly throughout Ireland
  • Irish Potato Famine Begins

  • Frederick Douglass writes autobiography “Narrative of the Life of an American Slave

  • Texas Annexation by the United States

    Texas Annexation by the United States
    Texas was admitted into the United States on December 29
  • Frederick Douglass Publishes Autobiography “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave”

  • Oregon Territory Divided Between British and U.S.

  • Mexican American War Begins

  • Wilmot Proviso

  • Seneca Falls Convention

    Seneca Falls Convention
    first women's rights convention
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Mexican American War Ends

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Mexican American War Ends
    where America won California from Mexico
  • Mexican Cession

    Mexican Cession
    the land Mexico lost from America
  • Free Soil Movement Begins

    Free Soil Movement Begins
    where northern didn't want slavery up the new land west
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    where many people went to Cail to find gold
  • Fugitive Slave Law Passed in Compromise of 1850

    Fugitive Slave Law Passed in Compromise of 1850
    if a slave escapes and goes up north it doesn't matter they will be brought back
  • Harriet Tubman Begins Using Underground Railroad

    Harriet Tubman Begins Using Underground Railroad
    Harriet Tubman escapes and comes back to free more slaves
  • Compromise of 1850

  • Harriet Beecher Stowe Publishes “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”

    Harriet Beecher Stowe Publishes “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”
    when she wrote a book about the life of a slave
  • Gadsden Purchase

  • Bleeding Kansas Begins

    Bleeding Kansas Begins
    where anti slavery people fought pro slavery and won with that Kansas will be a free state
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

  • Republican Party Created

  • Caning of Senator Sumner

  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

    Dred Scott v. Sandford
    where Dred Scott owner went to a free state but denied due that the fact he didn't have rights
  • John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry, Virginia

  • Republican Abraham Lincoln Wins Presidential Election of 1860

    Republican Abraham Lincoln Wins Presidential Election of 1860
    where Lincoln was elected to become president
  • o Seven Southern States Secede from the Union, Forming the Confederate States of America

    o	Seven Southern States Secede from the Union, Forming the Confederate States of America
    Where states didnt like that Lincoln said no slaves in the west so the states left
  • Democrat Jefferson Davis Elected President of the Confederacy

    Democrat Jefferson Davis Elected President of the Confederacy
    Became the president for Confederacy
  • Battle of Fort Sumter

  • Lincoln Suspends Habeas Corpus

  • Period: to

    The Civil War

  • Emancipation Proclamation

  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    was an act if you raise a farm in a land for 5 years you can keep it
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    where Lincoln makes a speech in the land where many died
  • Battle of Vicksburg

  • Battle of Gettysburg

  • President Abraham Lincoln Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth

    President Abraham Lincoln Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
    Killed by a Southerner
  • President Andrew Johnson Becomes President

    President Andrew Johnson Becomes President
    After Lincoln dies he takes his place
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    all slaves are free
  • Freedmens Bureau Created

    Freedmens Bureau Created
    reconstruction era where they supported people after the war like the slaves
  • Black Codes First Passed in the South

    Black Codes First Passed in the South
    where African Americans were watched by whites
  • Ku Klux Klan Formed

    Ku Klux Klan Formed
    all whites to harm African Americans
  • “Scalawags and Carpetbaggers”

    “Scalawags and Carpetbaggers”
    white Southerner who supported the federal plan of Reconstruction or who joined with black freedmen and the so-called carpetbaggers in support of Republican Party policies
  • Sharecropping Begins in the South

  • Gen. Lee Surrenders to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court House

  • Johnson Pardons the South

  • Radical Republicans Champion for Black Civil Rights in Congress

  • Period: to

    : Reconstruction Era

  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    if your born in America you have citizens rights
  • Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson

  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed (

    Transcontinental Railroad Completed (
    when it was competed
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    African American now can vote
  • Hiram Rhode Revels Becomes First African American in Congress (Senate)

    Hiram Rhode Revels Becomes First African American in Congress (Senate)
    as its says in the title the First African American in Congress (Senate)
  • Industrialization Begins to Boom

    Industrialization Begins to Boom
    where the economic stated to change in a period
  • Nativism Spreads

  • Standard Oil Company Founded by John D. Rockefeller

    Standard Oil Company Founded by John D. Rockefeller
    owned all oil monopoly
  • Jim Crow Laws Begin in South

    Jim Crow Laws Begin in South
    where whites and black were separated
  • Social Darwinism Theory Gains Popularity

  • The “New South” wants Industrialization

  • Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall

  • Telephone Invented by Alexander Graham Bell

    Telephone Invented by Alexander Graham Bell
    made the first phone
  • Reconstruction Ends

    Reconstruction Ends
    it ended lasted for 14 years
  • Period: to

    Gilded Age

  • Light Bulb Invented by Thomas Edison

    Light Bulb Invented by Thomas Edison
    was the person to ever make a light bulb
  • 3rd Wave of Immigration: “New Immigrants”

  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    where a law was pass for Chinese's workers to work for 10 years
  • Pendleton Act

    Pendleton Act
    established the civil service commission to make appointments to federal jobs on the basis
  • Haymarket Massacre

  • Dawes Act

    Dawes Act
    get land from Indians basically steeling them by force
  • Interstate Commerce Act

  • Andrew Carnegie’s Book “Gospel of Wealth”

    Andrew Carnegie’s Book “Gospel of Wealth”
    foe the government do not enterer with business
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

  • Carnegie Steel Company Founded by Andrew Carnegie

    Carnegie Steel Company Founded by Andrew Carnegie
    owned all steel monopoly
  • Homestead Steel Labor Strike

    Homestead Steel Labor Strike
    where the workers had something to to, to change
  • Pullman Labor Strike

  • Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court Case