U.S. History

Timeline created by kaylamartinez7
  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus “Founds” New World

    Christopher Columbus “Founds” New World
    Christopher went on a voyage to collect resources for Spain and discover the America with people already on it by accident.
  • 1492

    Columbian Exchange Begins

    Columbian Exchange Begins
    It was an exchange of resources between colonies
  • Period: 1492 to

    European Exploration Era

  • 1500

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins

  • 1500

    Spanish Casta System Begins

  • Period: 1500 to

    Triangular Trade

    Was a a trading system for the exchange of goods
  • Period: 1500 to

    Middle Passage

    the stage of the triangular trade were Africans were brought to the New World for the Atlantic slave trade.
  • 1520

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans
    When people start coming from their homes to colonize the the America the native Americans got small pox because they never had the diseases before and their immune system was weak killing many off
  • 1521

    Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortez Conquers the Aztec Empire

  • 1534

    England Splits from the Catholic Church

  • London Company Gains Charter for Set Up English Colony

  • Jamestown, Virginia Colony Founded

    It was the first successful English colony.
  • Period: to

    Colonial Era

  • French found Quebec on the St. Lawrence River and Engage in the Fur Trade

  • Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe

    Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe
    Tobacco in the English was a big deal in Virgnia because they mad alot of profit off it
  • First African Slaves Arrive in Jamestown, Virginia Colony

    First African Slaves Arrive in Jamestown, Virginia Colony
    Jamestown and the rest of the southern colonies depended on slaves to help them with their large plantations, they made them alot of money.
  • Virginia House of Burgesses

    Virginia House of Burgesses
    It was the representative of colonist imposing certain laws and restrictions
  • Plymouth, Massachusetts Colony Founded

  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    Was the first self government created.
  • New Hampshire Founded

  • Dutch New Amsterdam Becomes Capital of New Netherland

  • “City Upon a Hill” John Winthrop

    “City Upon a Hill” John Winthrop
    The Purtains were consider the city upon the hill, and thought they were the examples other colonist should follow. Mainly in religion
  • The Great Migration to Massachusetts Bay Colony

  • Maryland Founded

  • Thomas Hooker Founds Connecticut

  • Pequot War

  • Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island

  • Harvard College Founded in Massachusetts

  • Delaware Founded

  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

  • Maryland Toleration Act

  • North Carolina Founded

  • Iroquois Confederacy Formed

  • Navigation Acts and Mercantilism

  • South Carolina Founded

  • New York Funded

  • New Jersey Founded

  • King Phillips War

  • Bacon’s Rebellion

  • Pueblo Revolt

  • Quaker William Penn Founds Pennsylvania

  • Period: to

    Enlightenment Era

    Got philospher and other colonist to think and understand they were being treated unfair
  • John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government Published

  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    The rights and laws of colonist and what Britian will do for it colonist.
  • Salem Witch Trials

    Salem Witch Trials
    The executing of people because they thought they were apart and doing witchcraft mainly in Massachusetts
  • Period: to

    Salutary Neglect Policy

    It gave colonist basically the right to govern themselves as long as they stayed loyal
  • The Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening
    Was giving colonist of free religion rights and able to practice their laws the way they wanted.
  • Georgia Founded as a Debtors Colony

  • Stono Rebellion

    Stono Rebellion
    it was a slave rebellion
  • French and Indian War Begins

    French and Indian War Begins
    The French and English never like eachother but they had a dispute over terriorty and began to fight a war
  • Period: to

    The Industrial Revolution

  • French and Indian War Ends

    French and Indian War Ends
    French lost lots of terriorty while the England went into debt
  • Proclamation Line of 1763

    Proclamation Line of 1763
    Prevention of colonist moving westward after the seven years war
  • Period: to

    Revolutionary Era

    It was the era which colonist fought for equal rights and independence
  • Period: to

    Republican Motherhood

    Gave women more rights like education to teach their children
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    revenue-raising act passed by the Parliament of Great Britain
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    The act was the taxing colonist on direct goods
  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    Acts of British Parliament requiring American colonists to house British soldiers
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
    raise revenues among the colonies and use them to pay the salaries
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    the fight between colonist and Britian over disagreement of rights and being taxed
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    ship its tea directly to the colonies for direct taxing
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    The over throwing of tea off a ship because colonist felt their was being over taxed
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    punish the Massachusetts colonists for their defiance in the Tea Party protest
  • First Continental Congress

  • Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Published

    Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Published
    A pamphlet written to share to colonist that were being treated unfair and they should up for their rights
  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

  • Second Continental Congress

  • Continental Army Lead by General George Washington

  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    A document that states they will no longer they will abide by Great Britain rules and they are independent
  • Benjamin Franklin Becomes French Ambassador

  • Adam Smith Publishes “The Wealth of Nations”

  • Winter at Valley Forge

    Winter at Valley Forge
    During this battle of America Independence it was a hard time because the winter brought little to no food plus deaths, but they will over come it at the end
  • Battle of Saratoga

  • Articles of Confederation

  • Period: to

    Abolition Movement

  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    was the last battle that America fought for independence with the help of France winning the battle
  • Treaty of Paris of 1783

    Treaty of Paris of 1783
    it set boudaries between britain and America giving them the right to be independent
  • Shays’ Rebellion

  • Federalist Papers

  • Constitutional Convention/ Philadelphia Convention

  • U.S. Constitution

  • The Great Compromise

  • The 3/5ths Compromise

  • Bill of Rights Added to U.S. Constitution

  • The French Revolution Begins

  • Washington Elected 1st President

  • Washington Creates Presidential Cabinet

  • Washington D.C. Becomes New US Capital

  • Period: to

    The Second Great Awakening

  • Alexander Hamilton Gets Congress to Approve National Bank

  • Whiskey Rebellion

  • Cotton Gin and Interchangeable Parts Invented by Eli Whitney

  • Washington’s Farewell Address

  • First Two-Party System Created (Dem-Rep vs Federalist)

  • John Adams (Federalist) Elected 2nd President

  • XYZ Affair

  • Alien and Sedition Acts

  • Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

  • Election of 1800 and the Start of the Jeffersonian Era

  • The Market Revolution Begins

  • Cult of Domesticity Begins

  • Period: to

    Manifest Destiny

  • Thomas Jefferson (Democratic Republican) Elected 3rd President

  • Steam Locomotive Invented in Great Britain

  • Louisiana Purchase

  • Marbury v. Madison

  • James Madison (Democratic Republican) Elected 4th President

  • British Impressment of US Sailors

  • War Hawks in Congress Support War Against British

  • War of 1812 Begins

  • Francis Scott Key Writes the Star Spangled Banner

  • Treaty of Ghent

  • Federalist Party Collapses

  • Period: to

    Era of Good Feelings

  • Tariff of 1816

  • James Monroe (Democratic Republican) Elected 5th President

  • Adam- Onis Treaty/ Spain Ceded Florida to U.S.

  • Compromise of 1820

  • Universal Male Suffrage Begins to Rise

  • Monroe Doctrine

  • Henry Clay’s “American System”

  • Erie Canal Built

  • John Quincy Adams (Democratic Republican) Elected 6th President

  • Lowell, Massachusetts Textile Mill Employs Women

  • Andrew Jackson (Democrat) Elected 7th President

  • Second Two-Party System Created (Democrats vs Whigs)

  • Indian Removal Act

  • Abolition Movement Begins

  • Congress Passes Preemption Acts

  • Trail of Tears Begins

  • William Lloyd Garrison Publishes Abolitionist Newspaper “The Liberator”

  • Andrew Jackson Vetos National Bank

  • Nullification Crisis

  • Texas Revolution and Independence from Mexico

  • Horace Mann Advocates for Public Schools

  • Increased Irish and German Immigration to the North

  • Federal Support Given to Samuel Morse to Construct Telegraph Lines

  • Dorothea Dix Advocates for Mentally Ill and Prison Reform

  • James K. Polk Elected US President (Democrat)

  • Irish Potato Famine Begins

  • Frederick Douglass writes autobiography “Narrative of the Life of an American Slave”

  • Texas Annexation by the United States

  • Frederick Douglass Publishes Autobiography “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave”

  • Oregon Territory Divided Between British and U.S.

  • Mexican American War Begins

  • Wilmot Proviso

  • Seneca Falls Convention

  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Mexican American War Ends

  • Mexican Cession

  • Free Soil Movement Begins

  • California Gold Rush

  • Compromise of 1850

  • Fugitive Slave Law Passed in Compromise of 1850

  • Harriet Tubman Begins Using Underground Railroad

  • Harriet Beecher Stowe Publishes “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”

  • Gadsden Purchase

  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

  • Bleeding Kansas Begins

  • Republican Party Created

  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

  • Caning of Senator Sumner

  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

  • John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry, Virginia

  • Republican Abraham Lincoln Wins Presidential Election of 1860

  • Seven Southern States Secede from the Union, Forming the Confederate States of America

  • Democrat Jefferson Davis Elected President of the Confederacy

  • Battle of Fort Sumter

  • Lincoln Suspends Habeas Corpus

  • Period: to

    The Civil War

  • Emancipation Proclamation

  • Battle of Vicksburg

  • Battle of Gettysburg

  • Gettysburg Address

  • Gen. Lee Surrenders to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court House

  • Period: to

    Reconstruction Era

  • Industrialization Begins to Boom

  • Social Darwinism Theory Gains Popularity

  • Period: to

    Gilded Age