U.S. History

By CHL
  • Jamestown Founded

    Jamestown Founded
    First permanent English settlement
  • Plymouth/Pilgrims

    Plymouth/Pilgrims
    Escaped religious perseuction
  • Bacon's Rebellion

    Bacon's Rebellion
    "In 1676, Bacon led a group of Virginia settlers in a rebellion against Virginia Governor William Berkeley and the wealthy planters and politicians known as the Tidewater Aristocrats. The rebellion against the governor and the aristocrats of Virginia came to be known as Bacon's Rebellion."
  • NYC Slave Rebellion

    NYC Slave Rebellion
  • Stono Rebellion

    Stono Rebellion
    • September 9, 1739
    • 20 black Carolinians meet near Stono River
    • Took weapons, killed the 2 storekeepers Wanted to go down to Florida
  • Period: to

    French and Indian War

  • George III became King

    George III became King
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    End of French and Indian War
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
  • Steam Engine

    Steam Engine
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
  • Lexington and Concord

    Lexington and Concord
  • Period: to

    American Revolutionary War

  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Battle of Saratoga
    Turning point because French helped the Americans afterwards
  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    final battle of Revolutionary War
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    When the Revolutionary War officially ended
  • Shays' Rebellion

    Shays' Rebellion
    Daniel Shays - used to be captain of the Continental Army
    Farmers were in debt
    SHAYS' REBELLION demonstrated the high degree of internal conflict lurking beneath the surface of post-Revolutionary life.
  • Philadelphia Convention

    Philadelphia Convention
  • Hamilton's Financial Plan

    Hamilton's Financial Plan
    • Tariffs on imported goods (to build an independent economy)
    • National bank
    • Negotiated with Jefferson
      • Moved capital to Virginia
    • Taxed liquor
  • French Revolution/Policy of Neutrality

    French Revolution/Policy of Neutrality
    The French Revolution broke out, which caused the people to wonder whether they should side with the French or not. They made an alliance with the French king, who got beheaded, but not all of them supported the violent and chaotic French Revolution. Washington set the precedent for neutrality by not taking sides due to their weak nation.
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    1:freedom of speech, religion, press, expression
    2:right to bear arms
    3:no quartering of soldiers
    4:no unreasonable search and seizure
    5:due process, no double jeopardy, no self-incrimination, innocent until proven guilty
    6:speedy and public trial, impartial jury, accused can confront witness, access to lawyer
    7:trial by jury, speedy civil trial
    8:no excessive bail; cruel/unusual punishments
    9:Protection of rights not mentioned
    10:power not given to federal gov. belongs to states or people
  • St. Clair's Defeat/Battle of Wabash

    St. Clair's Defeat/Battle of Wabash
    - Worst and most decisive defeat by Native Americans - Killed around 600 soldiers - 7 tribes came together to fight, lead by Chief Little Turtle - Fought in the Northwest Territory
  • Haitian Revolution

    Haitian Revolution
    The most successful slave uprising, killed all the oppressors, become a republic
  • Eli Whitney invents cotton gin

    Eli Whitney invents cotton gin
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
  • Battle of Fallen Timbers

    Battle of Fallen Timbers
    - General Anthony Wayne was told by Washington to train troops for months - Crushed the native Americans Forced them to sign treaty to give up their lands
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    Pros:
    - They did negotiate
    - It helped the economy a lot
    - Washington showed his power and that they can't break the law, only protest against it
    - He pardoned the men anyway, showing that he wasn't a tyrant
    Cons:
    - Provided a big split in political parties, Washington had to mediate
    - Farmers did need the whiskey for their career, only merchants really benefitted
    - Sent a lot of troops, military power abuse?
    - South didn't want to pay off the North's debts
  • Jay Treaty

    Jay Treaty
    Pro
    -British removed troops from frontier
    -British compensated for cargo taken
    -Trade with Great Britain was essential to economy
    -Avoided war with England
    Cons
    -America must accept British economic and naval superiority
    -had a neocolonial status in Britain
    -Didn't address the slave issue
    -People were so against it; burned effigies and protested
    -Divided his cabinet
    -France said it was a violation of their agreement
    Precedent
    -Refused to give all docs, was a violation of the separation of powers
  • 11th Amendment

    11th Amendment
  • Washington's Farewell Address

    Washington's Farewell Address
    Washington resigned in 1796 after 2 terms, setting the precedent of a maximum of 2 terms. His farewell address was co-written by Hamilton and Madison. Washington spoke of neutrality, unity, and righteousness.
  • XYZ Affair

    XYZ Affair
  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    Alien and Sedition Acts
  • Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

    Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
  • Gabriel Prosser/Gabriel's Rebellion

    Gabriel Prosser/Gabriel's Rebellion
    he got delayed because of the weather, someone told, and they were executed
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    Court case in which the principle of judicial review was established and the Supreme Court reinstated their supreme interpretation of the Constitution by putting President Jackson back in his place.
  • Period: to

    Louis and Clark Expeditions

  • Slave Trade ended

    Slave Trade ended
    Declaration by Britain that ended its slave trade, it also encouraged other European nations to end theirs, slavery itself was abolished 26 six years later
  • Battle of Tippecanoe

    Battle of Tippecanoe
    Battle fought between the forces of William Harrison and the Shawnee of prophetstown over the expansion into native territory
  • David Walker's Appeal

    David Walker's Appeal
    kill the oppressors
  • US declares war on Great Britian

    US declares war on Great Britian
    War of 1812, June 18, 1812 – February 18, 1815 (2 years and 8 months), between British North America and United States, related to Napoleon in Europe
  • Period: to

    War of 1812

  • British burn Washington DC

    British burn Washington DC
  • Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of New Orleans
    Final battle of the War of 1812 Dec 23, 1814 to Jan 8, 1815
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    • 11 slave and free states
    ○ The Missouri Compromise
    § Missouri wanted to be a slave state
    § Maine was added as a free state
    § The Missouri Compromise line
    • States were added in pairs
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
  • Erie Canal opens

    Erie Canal opens
  • Indian Removal Act was passed

    Indian Removal Act was passed
  • McCormick Reaper was invented

    McCormick Reaper was invented
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Rebellion
  • Jackson vetoes the Bank of the U.S.

    Jackson vetoes the Bank of the U.S.
  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
  • Whig Party forms

    Whig Party forms
  • Texas becomes the Lone Star Republic

    Texas becomes the Lone Star Republic
  • Battle of the Alamo

    Battle of the Alamo
  • Steel plow invented

    Steel plow invented
  • Telegraph invented

    Telegraph invented
  • The Amistad

    The Amistad
    enslaved Africans on The Amistad rise up, take over the ship, end up in Connecticut; Supreme Court case rules in their favor and frees them
  • Webser-Ashburton Treaty

    Webser-Ashburton Treaty
    Treaty that settled land disputes between British North America and the United States; included things like agreeing to share use of Great Lakes and confirming boarders made in the Treaty of Paris
  • Annexation of Texas

    Annexation of Texas
  • Zachary Taylor crosses the Nueces River

    Zachary Taylor crosses the Nueces River
    • July 1845, General Zachary Taylor (future president) crossed Nueces River with 4,000 troops ○ He was to advance troops to Rio Grande River ○ Mexicans thought Americans invaded their territory Polk wanted this to start conflict and war
  • U.S. declares war on Mexico

    U.S. declares war on Mexico
  • Mexican American War

    Mexican American War
    The Mexican-American War (1846-1848) marked the first U.S. armed conflict chiefly fought on foreign soil. It pitted a politically divided and militarily unprepared Mexico against the expansionist-minded administration of U.S. President James K.
    The underlying cause of the Mexican War was the movement of American pioneers into lands claimed by Mexico. The immediate reason for the conflict was the annexation of Texas in 1845.
  • Wilmot Proviso

    Wilmot Proviso
    ○ David Wilmot from Pennsylvania ○ Said that there should be no slavery in Mexican Cession territory ○ It would only cause more conflict and war ○ Wasn't passed because of the Southern politicians
  • Start of Gold Rush

    Start of Gold Rush
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    1) A new, stricter Fugitive Slave Law
    2) Admission of California as a free state
    3) Popular sovereignty in New Mexico and Utah territories
    4) A ban on slave trading in Washington, DC
  • Christiana Riot

    Christiana Riot
    ○ Very alarming in terms of the crisis
    ○ Edward Gorsuch hears that his escaped slave is in Pennsylvania with other escaped slaves
    ○ Quakers are allowing that
    ○ He goes up there to retrieve slaves
    ○ Quakers and fugitives kill the Edward and the others flee
    § Law's not being enforced
    § Trial for treason
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Harriet Beecher Stowe
    ○ Established some tropes
    ○ Queen Victoria cried over this
    ○ Made people care about the individual lives of slaves
  • Period: to

    Bloody Kansas

  • John Brown Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas

    John Brown Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas
    • May 21, Brown and Pottawatomie Company went to Lawrence to protect it
    ○ They were too late
    ○ Free State Hotel, free state newspapers, homes/businesses were destroyed/looted
    ○ Abolitionists with John Brown vs. proslavery Kansas settlers
    ○ Five proslavery people died
    ○ Massacre of proslavery settlers
  • Charles Sumner "The Crime against Kansas" and Sumner-Brooks Conflict

    Charles Sumner "The Crime against Kansas" and Sumner-Brooks Conflict
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    ○ Enslaved man was brought to a free state by his master
    ○ Slave argues he's free, but Supreme Court says he's not
    ○ Says that slaves don't have any rights
    ○ Black people can't be citizens
    ○ Abolitionists go wild
  • Harper's Ferry

    Harper's Ferry
    John brown invades a federal arsenal with around 20 followers to form an uprising: Harpers Ferry
    § Wanted to create a new republic in the Appalachian Mountains
    § He would be the president
    § Fails, captured, tried, and killed
    § He said he's not crazy and did it on purpose, sort of bad for abolitionists
  • Lincoln's Cooper Union Speech

    Lincoln's Cooper Union Speech
    Attempted to distance Republican party from Brown
    ○ Basically, we're not trying to take away slavery, just want to prevent it from spreading
    ○ South doesn't believe it
  • South Carolina secedes

    South Carolina secedes
    ○ Vote of 169-0
    ○ Left the union
  • Ft. Sumter

    Ft. Sumter
    Confederates fired at Ft. Sumter and began the war
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    ○ 1st Bull Run, VA
    ○ First land battle of the war, Union forces fled, morale boost for CSA
    § Took advantage of the technology they left behind
    ○ People realized it was going to be a long war
    § Some people were excited
    ○ There was a watch party/picnickers, they were naïve/naïveté
    § Photographs of people in Washington decided to have a picnic there
    Some representatives got captured
  • Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas secede

    Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas secede
    They secede from the Union by this date
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    ○ bloodiest day in US history, EP issued after
    ○ Had 87,164 men, confederates had 38,000
    ○ Union: 12,410 killed/wounded/captured/missing
    ○ Confederates: 10,316 killed/wounded/captured/missing
  • Battle of Gettysberg

    Battle of Gettysberg
    ○ 3-day battle in PA, high water mark of CSA
    ○ Turning point
  • Vicksburg falls to Grant

    Vicksburg falls to Grant
    ○ South no longer had control of the Mississippi River
  • Emancipation Proclamation went into effect

    Emancipation Proclamation went into effect
    ○ Moral high ground for USA
    ○ African Americans free themselves and around 180,000 join the US army
    ○ Helps them win
  • Draft Riots

    Draft Riots
    ○ Drafts in New York
    ○ Lynched a bunch of black people
    ○ Burned down asylums and orphanages
    ○ Poor white people in the North are forced to fight to free the slaves
    § after the Emancipation Proclamation
    § they'll have to compete with slaves later
    § Rich people could buy a substitute
    § It's expensive ($200 but around $4,000 in their time), Lincoln bought a substitute for his own son
    ○ Turned into a race riot
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Consecrated battlefield, honored soldiers
  • Bread Riot

    Bread Riot
    • Inflation in the south
    ○ No trade, no supplies coming in because of blockade
    ○ Merchants wouldn't use CSA money, only gold and silver
    ○ Inflation rose over 9,000%
    ○ Women demanded lower prices
    ○ Davis threw all the money he had on him and told them to go home
  • Period: to

    Sherman's March to the sea

    § Cut the Confederacy in two
    § They burned and destroyed during the march, called Total War
    § Tried to break morale
    § War crimes? Impact on the home front
  • Richmond captured and R. E. Lee surrenders

    Richmond captured and R. E. Lee surrenders
    end of Civil War