U.S. History: 1887-2008

Timeline created by daniel.hwang
In History
  • Period: to

    Early American History

  • Declaration of Independence signed

    July 4, 1776
  • Constitution written

    September 17, 1787
  • Bill of Rights ratified

    December 15, 1791
  • Period: to

    Civil War/Reconstruction

  • Homestead Act

    provided 160 acres to anyone willing to settle on land in the west.
  • 13th Amendment

    abolished slavery
  • 14th Amendment

    citizenship & due process
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    1869
  • 15th Amendment

    voting for all male citizens
  • Telephone invented by Alexander Graham Bell

    1876
  • Period: to

    The Gilded Age

    1- Rockefeller/Carnegie (Captains of Industry vs. Robber Barons). Rockefeller forms Standard Oil of Ohio.(1870)
    2- Philanthropy. Rapid economic and industrial growth.
    3- Monopoly. Advances in transportation and manufacturing.
    4- Jane Addams. Expansion of personal wealth, philanthropy, and immigration.
    5- Laissez-Faire. Politics experienced corruption.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    prohibited immigration of skilled or unskilled Chinese laborers, first US national immigration act.
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act

    awarded government jobs based on merit.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    ensure railroad set “reasonable and just” rate and the first time government stepped in to regulate business.
  • Dawes Act

    gave individual ownership of land to native americans instead of the tribe owning things collectively.
  • Hull House founded, first of many settlement houses

    1889
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    outlawed business monopolies
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    outlawed trusts to promote economic fairness.
  • Period: to

    The Progressive Era

    1- Muckrakers
    2- Initiative, Referendum, Recall
    3- The Great Migration
    4- NAACP
    5- Immigration Issues (Assimilation and Nativism)
  • Klondike Gold Rush (Alaska)

    1896-1899
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    legalized segregation, established “separate but equal”.
  • USS Maine explodes off the coast of Cuba, starting the Spanish American War

  • Hawaii is annexed as a territory of the United States

  • Period: to

    Imperialism

    1-Theodore Roosevelt
    2-Rough Riders
    3-Foreign Policy
    4-Immigration Quotas
    5-Yellow Journalism
  • Open Door Policy

    initiated free trade with China.
  • Panama Canal Built

    1904-1914
  • Roosevelt Corollary

    An addition to the Monroe Doctrine.
  • The Jungle by Upton Sinclair is published

    1906
  • Meat Inspection Act

    law that makes it illegal to adulterate or misbrand meat.
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    regulation of the preparation of foods and the sale of medicines.
  • NAACP Founded

    1909
  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Taft’s policy of paying for peace in Latin America.
  • 16th Amendment

    established the federal income tax. February 3, 1913.
  • 17th Amendment

    direct election of U.S. Senators. April 8, 1913.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    established the Federal Reserve, which helped stabilize the banking industry.
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated, starting World War I

  • Period: to

    World War I

    1-Alvin York
    2-Homefront
    3-M.A.I.N. (Causes of WWI)
    4-Sussex Pledge
    5-American Expeditionary Forces
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

  • National Parks System created

    1916
  • Zimmerman Telegram intercepted by the British, warned the U.S. of a proposed ally between Mexico and Germany

  • The United States enters WWI on the Allied side

  • Bolshevik Revolution in Russia begins, causing Russian troops to exit the war

  • Battle of Argonne Forest, considered the turning point of the war

  • Germany surrenders to the Allied Powers

  • President Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points

    statement of principles for peace after World War I, included no colonialism, freedom of the seas, and a League of Nations.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Peace treaty that ended World War I, required Germany to accept full blame and pay war reparations as well as demilitarize.
  • 18th Amendment

    prohibition is enacted and alcohol is illegal. January 16, 1919
  • Period: to

    Roaring Twenties

    1-Social Darwinism
    2-The Red Scare
    3-Assembly Line
    4-Return to Normalcy
    5-Harlem Renaissance
  • 19th Amendment

    women are given the right to vote. August 18, 1920
  • Teapot Dome Scandal uncovered by the Wall Street Journal

  • American Indian Citizenship Act

    Granted citizenship to any Native Americans born within the United States.
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

  • Charles Lindbergh makes history by making a nonstop solo flight from New York to Paris

  • Stock Market Crash

  • Period: to

    Great Depression

    1- Hoovervilles
    2- The New Deal
    3- Causes of the Great Depression
    4- Court Packing
    5- Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Dust Bowl

    1930-1936
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt elected

  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) established

  • 21st Amendment

    Repeals the 18th Amendment and prohibition ends.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) established

  • 20th Amendment

    Adjusted the dates of the presidential terms. January 23, 1933.
  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) established

  • Works Progress Administration (WPA) established

  • Social Security Act

    Established the Social Security Administration, which provides unemployment insurance, aid to the disabled, old age pensions, and insurance for families.
  • Adolf Hitler invades Poland, starting WWII

  • Period: to

    World War II

    1- Island Hopping
    2- Liberation of Concentration Camps
    3- Dwight Eisenhower
    4- Douglas MacArthur
    5- Chester W. Nimitz
    6- Navajo Code Talkers
    7- Tuskegee Airmen
    8- Flying Tigers
    9- The Manhattan Project
    10- Rosie the Riveter
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

  • Battle of Midway

  • Bataan Death March

  • Executive Order 9066

    incarceration of Japanese Americans for the duration of WWII.
  • “D-Day” - Invasion of Normandy

  • G.I. Bill

    gives military veterans financial and educational benefits
  • The atomic bomb, “Little Boy” is dropped in Hiroshima, Japan (August 6)

  • The atomic bomb, “Fat Man” is dropped in Nagasaki, Japan, ending World War II (August 9)

  • United Nations formed

  • Period: to

    Early Cold War

    1- Containment
    2- Arms Race/Space Race
    3- The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
    4- Communism
    5- Domino Theory
  • Truman Doctrine

    U.S. policy that gave military and economic aid to countries threatened by communism.
  • Berlin Airlift

  • Marshall Plan

    program to help European countries rebuild after World War II.
  • NATO established

  • Korean War

    1950-1953
  • Period: to

    Civil Rights Era

  • Rosenbergs trial

  • 22nd Amendment

    prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again. February 27, 1951
  • First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

  • Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

  • Interstate Highway Act

    authorized the building of a national highway system.
  • USSR launches Sputnik

  • Cuban Missile Crisis

  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    begins undeclared war in Vietnam.
  • Medicare and Medicaid established

  • Tet Offensive

  • Tinker v. Des Moines

    Defined the First Amendment rights for students in the United States Public Schools.
  • Period: to

    End of the Cold War

  • Pentagon Papers leaked

  • 26th Amendment

    moved the voting age from 21 years old to 18 years old
  • War Powers Act

    law limited the President’s right to send troops to battle without Congressional approval.
  • Fall of Saigon, marks the end of the Vietnam War

  • Period: to

    1990s-21st Century