U.S history 1877-2008

Timeline created by Dmaya.Foy
In History
  • Period: to

    Early American History

  • Declaration of Independence signed

  • Constitution Written

  • Bill of rights ratified

  • Period: to

    Civil War/Reconstruction

  • Homestead Act

    provided 160 acres to anyone willing to settle on land in the west
  • 13th Amendment

    abolished slavery
  • 14th Amendment

    citizenship & due process
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

  • 15th Amendment

    voting for all male citizens
  • Telephone invented by Alexander Graham Bell

  • Period: to

    The Gilded Age

    Rockefeller/Carnegie (Captains of Industry vs. Robber Barons)
    Philanthropy
    Monopoly
    Jane Addams
    Laissez-Faire
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    prohibited immigration of skilled or unskilled Chinese laborers, first US national immigration act
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act

    Pendleton Civil Service Act (1883): awarded government jobs based on merit
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    ensure railroad set “reasonable and just” rate and the first time government stepped in to regulate business
  • Dawes act

    gave individual ownership of land to native americans instead of the tribe owning things collectively
  • Hull House Founded first of many settlement House

  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    outlawed business monopolies
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    outlawed trusts to promote economic fairness
  • Period: to

    The Progressive Era

    Muckrakers
    Initiative, Referendum, Recall
    The Great Migration
    NAACP
    Immigration Issues (Assimilation and Nativism)
  • Klondike Gold Rush (Alaska)

  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    legalized segregation, established “separate but equal”
  • USS Maine explodes off the coast of cuba,Starting the Spanish American war

  • Hawaii is annexed as a territory of the United States

  • Period: to

    Imperialism

    Theodore Roosevelt
    Rough Riders
    Foreign Policy
    Immigration Quotas
    Yellow Journalism
  • Open Door Policy

    initiated free trade with China
  • Panama Canal Built

  • Roosevelt Corollary

    an addition to the Monroe Doctrine
  • The Jungle by Upton Sinclair is published

  • Meat Inspection Act

    law that makes it illegal to adulterate or misbrand meat
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    regulation of the preparation of foods and the sale of medicines
  • NAACP founded

  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Taft’s policy of paying for peace in Latin America
  • 16th Amendment

    established the federal income tax
  • 17th Amendment

    direct election of U.S. Senators
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated,starting World War 1

  • Federal Reserve Act

    established the Federal Reserve, which helped stabilize the banking industry
  • Period: to

    World War 1

    Alvin York
    Homefront
    M.A.I.N. (Causes of WWI)
    Sussex Pledge
    American Expeditionary Forces
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

  • National parks system created

  • Zimmerman Telegram intercepted by the British, warned the U.S. of a proposed ally between Mexico and Germany

  • The United States enters WWI on the Allied side

  • Bolshevik Revolution in Russia begins, causing Russian troops to exit the war

  • Battle of Argonne Forest, considered the turning point of the war

  • Germany surrenders to the Allied Powers

  • President Woodrow Wilson's 14 points

    statement of principles for peace after World War I, included no colonialism, freedom of the seas, and a League of Nations
  • 18th Amendment

    prohibition is enacted and alcohol is illegal
  • Treaty of Versailles

    peace treaty that ended World War I, required Germany to accept full blame and pay war reparations as well as demilitarize
  • 19th Amendment

    women are given the right to vote
  • Period: to

    Roaring Twenties

    Social Darwinism
    The Red Scare
    Assembly Line
    Return to Normalcy
    Harlem Renaissance
  • Teapot Dome Scandal uncovered by the Wall Street Journal

  • American Indian Citizenship Act

    granted citizenship to any Native Americans born within the United States
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

  • Charles Lindbergh makes history by making a nonstop solo flight from New York to Paris

  • Stock Market Crash

  • Period: to

    Great Depression

    Hoovervilles
    The New Deal
    Causes of the Great Depression (5)
    Court Packing
    Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Dust Bowl

  • Franklin D. Roosevelt elected

  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) established

  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) established

  • 20th Amendment

    adjusted the dates of the presidential terms
  • 21st Amendment

    repeals the 18th Amendment and prohibition ends
  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) established

  • Works Progress Administration (WPA) established

  • Social Security Act

    established the Social Security Administration, which provides unemployment insurance, aid to the disabled, old age pensions, and insurance for families
  • Adolf Hitler invades Poland, starting WWII

  • Period: to

    World War 2

    Island Hopping
    Liberation of Concentration Camps
    Dwight Eisenhower
    Douglas MacArthur
    Chester W. Nimitz
    Navajo Code Talkers
    Tuskegee Airmen
    Flying Tigers
    The Manhattan Project
    Rosie the Riveter
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

  • Battle of Midway

  • Bataan Death March

  • Executive Order 9066

    incarceration of Japanese Americans for the duration of WWII
  • “D-Day” - Invasion of Normandy

  • G.I. Bill

    gives military veterans financial and educational benefits
  • United Nations formed

  • Period: to

    Early Cold War

    Containment
    Arms Race/Space Race
    The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
    Communism
    Domino Theory
  • The atomic bomb, “Little Boy” is dropped in Hiroshima, Japan (August 6)

  • The atomic bomb, “Fat Man” is dropped in Nagasaki, Japan, ending World War II (August 9)

  • Truman Doctrine

    authorized the building of a national highway system
  • Berlin Airlift

  • Marshall Plan

    program to help European countries rebuild after World War II
  • NATO established

  • Korean War

  • Sweatt v. Painter

    ruled the separate law school at the University of Texas failed to qualify as “separate but equal”
  • Period: to

    Civil Rights Era

  • Rosenbergs trial

  • 22nd Amendment

    prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again
  • First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

  • Period: to

    Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

    overturned Plessy v. Ferguson and mandated desegregation
  • Hernandez v. Texas:

    Mexican Americans and all other races provided equal protection under the 14th Amendment
  • Period: to

    Vietnam War

  • Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

  • Period: to

    Montgomery bus boycott after Rosa Parks' arrest

  • Interstate Highway Act

    authorized the building of a national highway system
  • USSR launches Sputnik

  • Little Rock Nine integrated into an all-white School in Little Rock, AK

  • Bay of Pigs invasion in Cuba

  • Berlin Wall built to prevent people leaving communist East Berlin

  • Cuban Missile Crisis

  • Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream Speech” at the March on Washington

  • John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, TX

  • Golf of Tonkin Resolution

    Begins undeclared war in Vietnam
  • 24th Amendment

    Abolishes the poll tax
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Made discrimination based on race, religion, or national origin in public places illegal and required employers to hire on an equal opportunity basis
  • Medicare and Medicaid established

  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Eliminated literacy tests for voters
  • Tet Offensive

  • Martin Luther King is assassinated

  • Civil Rights Act of 1968

    prohibited discrimination in the sale or rental of housing
  • Tinker vs Des Moines

    Defined the first Amendments rights for students in the United States public school
  • First Man on the Moon

  • Kent State University shooting

  • Period: to

    End of Cold War

  • Pentagon Papers leaked

  • 26th Amendment

    Moved the voting age from 21 years old to 18 years old
  • Title IX

    protects people from discrimination based on gender in education programs
  • War powers Act

    Law limited the presidents right to send troops to battle without congressional approval
  • Watergate Scandal, which leads to Nixon’s Resignation

  • Fall of Saigon, marks the end of Vietnam war

  • Camp David Accords

  • Three Mile Island Disaster

  • Period: to

    Iran Hostage Crisis

  • Period: to

    Iran Contra Affair

  • Period: to

    1990's-21 century