U.S. History

Timeline created by Christopher211
In History
  • 900

    Gunpowder Invented

    Gunpowder Invented
    Chinese alchemists invented gunpowder around 900 A.D., whilst experimenting with life-lengthening concoctions.
  • 1100

    Compass Invented

    Compass Invented
    The compass was invented during the Han Dynasty in China.
  • 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    The Magna Carta (Great Charter) guarantees that everyone is subject to the law, even the king, as well as securing the rights of individuals to a fair trial.
  • 1440

    Printing Press Invented

    Printing Press Invented
    After being exiled, Johannes Gutenberg began working with printing prototypes in France, in 1440.
  • 1492

    Columbus “Discovers” America

    Columbus “Discovers” America
    In 1492, Columbus yada yada yada
  • Roanoke

    Roanoke
    Roanoke was one of the first British attempts to colonize America. It was unsuccessful (for reasons), and the actual circumstances of its demise are unknown.
  • Jamestown is founded

    Jamestown is founded
    The first successful British colony in America. Named after King James.
  • John Rolfe Plants Successful Tobacco Crops

    John Rolfe Plants Successful Tobacco Crops
    The advent of tobacco crops was essential to the growth of the colonies as they required more workers and resources(which led to more profit).
  • French Ship Wrecks

    Four Frenchmen survived a shipwreck on the coast of New England. After being captured by indigenous people, they threatened that if they were killed, God would enact a 10-fold vengeance.
  • The Great Epidemic

    The Great Epidemic
    During the Columbian exchange, several disease strains found their way into the Americas, infecting the Natives-who had no immunity to the diseases. Casualties: 45-90 million.
  • Creation of the Headright System

    Creation of the Headright System
    New settlers in Virginia were offered 50 acres of land in an effort to get more workers to tend to tobacco crops in the colony.
  • Slavery Begins

    Slavery Begins
    The first slaves arrived in Jamestown
  • Pilgrims arrive at Plymouth

    Pilgrims arrive at Plymouth
    The Mayflower arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts, They would soon elect William Bradford as Governor, and he went on to play a huge role in early colonial America.
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    The Mayflower Compact was the first document written and enacted in what is now the U.S..
  • The First Thanksgiving

    The First Thanksgiving
    The first Thanksgiving celebrated the Pilgrim’s first harvest in the new world. It lasted three days.
  • Roger Williams: Freedom of Worship

    Roger Williams: Freedom of Worship
  • Pequot War

    Pequot War
    The Pequot people fought against English settlers and rival Native tribes. The Pequots promptly lost.
  • King Philip's War

    King Philip's War
    King Metacom of the Wampanoag tribe led what would essentially be the last rebellion against European settlers. Deadliest war in terms of per capita losses.
  • Pennsylvania is given to William Penn

    Pennsylvania is given to William Penn
    In 1681, the proprietary colony of Pennsylvania was granted to William Penn
  • Quakers call for abolition

    Quakers call for abolition
    Quakers in Germantown wrote the “Germantown Quaker Petition Against Slavery”, becoming the first religious body in the 13 colonies to call for abolition
  • The Zenger Trial

    The Zenger Trial
  • The Walking Purchase

    The Walking Purchase
    Obeying a supposed treaty, Delaware Natives offered up as much land as could be walked in 1.5 days. Thomas Penn recruited a runner to take the path. The runner covered double the land initially anticipated, and the Delaware Natives lost 1,200 square miles of land. They later joined the French in the French and Indian War.
  • Ben Franklin Discovers Electricity

    Ben Franklin Discovers Electricity
    Franklin's famous experiment with a brass key and a kite, wherein he discovered that lightning contained electricity.
  • French and Indian War Begins

    French and Indian War Begins
    Lasted from 1756 to 1763, and is considered a chapter in the second hundred years war.
  • The Stamp Act

    The Stamp Act
    This act from British Parliament imposed a tax on the colonies, requiring many printed materials to be made on stamped paper produced in London.
  • The Quartering Act

    The Quartering Act
    This act required the colonies to guest British soldiers in barracks in the colonies. If none were available, the soldiers were to be housed in inns, houses, and the like.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    After a protest turned violent, British soldiers fired upon colonists, killing 5, and wounding others, marking the beginning of the end of colonist cooperation with the crown.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    In response to the Tea Act, rebellious colonists dumped 1 million dollars worth of tea into Boston Harbor.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    The intolerable acts were laws were law from the British Parliament post-Boston Tea Party. The laws were punitive and meant to punish the colonists for their defiance.
  • "Give me Liberty or Give Me Death"

    "Give me Liberty or Give Me Death"
    Sam Adams gave a speech protesting the British rule, ending with his famous quote.
  • Concord and Lexington: The Shot Heard Round the World

    Concord and Lexington: The Shot Heard Round the World
    Han shot first.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    The committee of five’s congressionally amended Declaration is ratified.
  • Common Sense

    Common Sense
    Thomas Paine published his controversial pamphlet.
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Battle of Saratoga
    Benedict Arnold earned his stripes here, after disobeying direct orders and winning the battle. This victory proved to the French that the Revolution was viable.
  • Articles of Confederation Ratified

    Articles of Confederation Ratified
    The AOC was sent to individual states in 1777, but years of debate delayed its ratification.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The treaty officially ended the American Revolution.
  • Shay's Rebellion Begins

    Shay's Rebellion Begins
    Farmer Daniel Shay of Massachusetts led an uprising in response to an unresolved debt crisis.
  • 1st U.S. Census

    1st U.S. Census
    3.9 Million People, 757,000 of which are enslaved.
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    It's a fun twist of fate that the Magna Carta was ratified in 1215, and the Bill of Rights was ratified on 12/15.
  • 11th Amendment Ratified

    11th Amendment Ratified
    Guarantees that states cannot be sued by citizens of another state.
  • Washington's Farewell

    Washington's Farewell
    Washington gave his landmark farewell address, in which he warned of the dangers of partisanship.
  • Peaceful Transfer

    Peaceful Transfer
    This marked one of the first times in history that power was handed over peacefully.
  • Marbury V. Madison

    Marbury V. Madison
    This case set the precedent of judicial review.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    Jefferson bought the Louisiana territory from Napoleon for a measly 15 million dollars.
  • 12th Amendment Ratified

    12th Amendment Ratified
    Separated balloting procedures for POTUS and VPOTUS
  • Lewis and Clark

    Lewis and Clark
    Lewis and Clark began their journey westward.
  • Transportation Revolution

    Transportation Revolution
    Robert Fulton and Robert Livingston created Clermont, the first steamboat.
  • American Colonization Society Founded

    American Colonization Society Founded
    The ACS was founded to send free African Americans to Africa as an alternative to staying in the U.S.
  • Nat Turner's Slave Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Slave Rebellion
    Nat Turner led his bloody uprising of the enslaved, eventually resulting in his death.
  • House Gag Rule Concerning Abolition

    House Gag Rule Concerning Abolition
    Because if there's one way to get people to shut up about things...
  • The Communication Revolution

    The Communication Revolution
    Morse sent his first telegraph message from Washington D.C. to Baltimore.
  • Baseball

    Baseball
    The first recorded games of baseball happened in New York.
  • The Mexican/American War

    The Mexican/American War
    The era of abolition and the Mexican American war shared many similarities with that of Vietnam and the civil rights movement.
  • U.S. Wins Mexican-American War

    Well that was fast.
  • What is a Slave to the Fourth of July?

    What is a Slave to the Fourth of July?
    Frederick Douglass gave a speech concerning his allegiance to his country and government.
  • The Bessemer Process

    The Bessemer Process
    A steel making process that was critical for the industrial revolution.
  • The Homestead Act

    The Homestead Act
    The Homestead Act allowed any citizen who hadn’t taken up arms against the U.S. to claim 160 acres of governement land.
  • The Battle of Antietam

    The Battle of Antietam
    Also known as the battle of Sharpsburg, the battle ended in a stalemate, but gave Lincoln the confidence to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Issued by Lincoln almost three years into the Civil War, The Proclamation declared that all perons held as slaves in the confederate states were to be freed.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Lincoln's very short(ironic) but iconic speech.
  • 13th Amendment Ratified

    13th Amendment Ratified
    Slavery is abolished.
  • Civil Rights Bill Passes

    Civil Rights Bill Passes
    Declared that all males born in the U.S. were citizens, without distinction based on race, color, or previous condition of slavery or servitude. President Johnson vetoed the bill, but the 39th congress overrode it.
  • 14th Amendment Ratified

    14th Amendment Ratified
    The equal protection amendment. I would like to note that the purpose of this amendment remains unfulfilled until we pass more laws that guarantee and establish equal protection.
  • 15th Amendment Ratified

    15th Amendment Ratified
    Guaranteed African American men the right to vote.
  • Enforcement Acts

    Enforcement Acts
    The enforcement acts protected African-Americans’ right to vote, serve on juries, and hold office.
  • Hiram Revels is Seated as a Senator

    Hiram Revels is Seated as a Senator
    Hiram Revels was the the first African-American to serve in the U.S. senate, and was seated after being delayed by Democrats who sought to nullify his election.
  • National Parks

    National Parks
    The U.S. established Yellowstone National Park under President Ulysses S. Grant, who also signed the Yellowstone Nation Park Protection Act.
  • Panic of 1873

    Panic of 1873
    The Panic of 1873 lasted until 1877, during which Europe and North America experienced a financial crisis that triggered economic depression.
  • Chris Nash and Co. march on Colfax Courthouse

    Chris Nash and Co. march on Colfax Courthouse
    Chris Nash was a democratic sheriff who led a group of white miltia
    men to retake a courthouse that had been seized by African American insurgents.
  • Custer dies at Little Big Horn

    Custer dies at Little Big Horn
    Commonly referred to as Custer’s last stand, the battle was an engagment between the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes and the 7th Cavalry of the U.S.
  • Women’s suffrage amendment proposed

    Women’s suffrage amendment proposed
    The first time a women’s suffrage amedment was introduced to congress was in 1876, but wouldn’t become ratified until 1920.
  • Ending Reconstruction

    Ending Reconstruction
    Reconstruction ended after Southern Democrats promises to enforce and protect the rights of African Americans broken.
  • Haymarket

    Haymarket
    The Haymarket massacre happened after a bombing at a labor demonstration at Haymarket Square in Chicago.
  • Santa Clara County V. Southern Pacific Railroad

    Santa Clara County V. Southern Pacific Railroad
    So... they really fucked us over on this one.
  • Plessy V. Ferguson

    Plessy V. Ferguson
    Ended with the ruling "Separate but Equal"
  • War with Spain

    War with Spain
    The Spanish American War started after the explosion of USS Maine in Havana Harbor, Cuba.
  • Theodore Roosevelt Elected

    Theodore Roosevelt Elected
    The Cowboy President.
  • The Second Transportation Revolution

    The Second Transportation Revolution
    The second Transportation Revolution included the first automobiles powered by steam, which could reach a whole 15 mph.
  • Hookworm

    Hookworm
    The Rockefeller Sanitation Commission was put together to eradicate the hookworm in the south.
  • The Year of Upheaval

    The Year of Upheaval
    1919 saw a massive change in power dynamics through labor strikes, suffrage movements, and race riots.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    The 19th amendment passed the house and senate in 1919. Was finally ratified in 1920. Guarantees women the right to vote.
  • Anne Frank, MLK, and Barbara Walters are born

    Anne Frank, MLK, and Barbara Walters are born
    These three all seem as though they are from very different eras, but they were all born in the same year.
  • The New Deal

    The New Deal
    FDR’s new deal ushered in an era of unprecedented economic growth and stability.
  • Jesse Owens wins first gold medal

    Jesse Owens wins first gold medal
    Jesse Owens won four Gold medals in the 1936 Berlin Games, foiling Hitler’s plan to put German athletes on top of the world.
  • The Manhattan Project

    The Manhattan Project
    Oppenheimer became death, the destroyer of worlds.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lb13ynu3Iac
  • The Battle of Midway

    The Battle of Midway
    Using all method of warfare tactics, the allies were able to determine where Japan was going to attack, and ambushed them at Midway.
  • Suburbanization

    Suburbanization
    A population migration from urban areas into suburbs
  • WW2 Ends

    WW2 Ends
    Harry Truman announced the surrender of Japan, thus ending the war.
  • Berlin Airlift and Cold War

    Berlin Airlift and Cold War
    The Soviet Union had held Western Berlin hostage, via blockade. The allies broke through during the Berlin airlift and foiled the Soviet plan.
  • The Birth of Birth Control

    The Birth of Birth Control
    Margaret Sanger met with endocrinologist and birth control advocate Gregory Pincus to begin the process of developing the pill.
  • The Pill

    If only we had it before Trump was conceived.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    The peaceful march that culminated with MLK’s most famous plea.
  • Civil Rights Act Passes

    Civil Rights Act Passes
    LBJ started his push for the CRA whilst he was majority leader, and finished by signing it into law as POTUS.
  • Voting Rights Act

    Voting Rights Act
    The VRA passed in 1965 and prohibits racial dicsrimination in voting. Led by Justice Scalia, the act was weakened in 2013 by the U.S. supreme court.
  • Malcolm X Killed

    Malcolm X Killed
    Malcolm X was assasinated in the Audubon Ballroom. It is still unproven who exactly was responsible for his death.
  • Bloody Sunday: Selma

    Bloody Sunday: Selma
    The first march happened on March 7, 1965. Marchers were met by state troopers, who attacked the protestors with billy clubs and tear gas. Among the marchers was John Lewis.
  • The Tet Offensive

    The Tet Offensive
    The Tet offensive was a blitzkreig of North Vietnam attacks on South Vietnam in an attempt to discourage American involvment in Vietnam.
  • Trial of the Chicago 7

    Trial of the Chicago 7
    After protests at the 1968 DNC turned violent, 7 (really 8) organizers were charged with conspiracy to incite a riot as well as several other allegations.
  • MLK is Assasinated

    MLK is Assasinated
    MLK was assasinated by James Earl Ray in Memphis, Tennesee.
  • The Birth of Environmentalism

    The Birth of Environmentalism
    Nixon founded the EPA, and thus we were able to appropriately handle all manner of environmental disasters, such as climate change, and wait... shit.
  • Watergate

    Watergate
    The dude won 49 states. I don't think he needed to cheat.
  • The Personal Computer

    The Personal Computer
    I imagine it looked different than the one I'm typing on right now.
  • Jaws hits theaters

    Jaws hits theaters
    Steven Spielberg’s legendary first feature film.
  • Miracle

    Miracle
    Led by Herb Brooks, the 1980 U.S. olympic hockey team overcame seemingly insurmountable odds to upset the commies.
  • End of Cold War

    End of Cold War
    After the fall of the Berlin Wall, communism was chased out of Europe, and in 1991 the Soviet Union dissolved completely.
  • 9/11

    9/11
    On the morning of September 11, 2001, Al Qaeda launched 4 coordinated terrorist attacks against the U.S.
  • Obama’s Inauguration

    Obama’s Inauguration
    Barack Hussein Obama became the first African American to assume the office of the Presidency, defeating John McCain.
  • Ibram X. Kendi: “Stamped From the Beginning”

    Ibram X. Kendi: “Stamped From the Beginning”
    Ibram X Kendi won the National Book award for non-fiction for this book about race in the U.S.
  • Hilary Clinton wins Democratic Nomination

    Hilary Clinton wins Democratic Nomination
    In 2016, Hilary Clinton became the first woman nominated for POTUS by any major party. She would go on to win the popular vote by 3 million.
  • First COVID case reported

    First COVID case reported
    Some Mother*****r just really had to eat that bat.
  • 1st COVID-19 case in the U.S.

    1st COVID-19 case in the U.S.
    The first North American COVID-19 cases were reported in the U.S. in 2020.
  • Joe Biden and Kamala Harris are sworn in

    Joe Biden and Kamala Harris are sworn in
    Joe Biden became the oldest person to assume the presidency. Kamala Harris became the first African American and woman (individually and together) to assume the Vice Presidency.