U.S Government Timeline- NC

  • 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    King John signed the Magna Carta which was a form of limited government. The king himself could not violate individual rights.
  • James Town House Burgesses

    James Town House Burgesses
    Each charter guaranteed colonists the "rights on Englishmen"
  • Petition of Right

    Petition of Right
    King Charles was required to sign this. It stated that the government couldn't unlawfully imprison people or demand military rule during times of peace.
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    Guaranteed free speech and protection from cruel and unusual punishment
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    First direct tax on paper and legal documents. Congress met to protest the tax but it was repealed
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    British soldiers fired into the crowd. 5 colonists died
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Revolutionaries dumped British Tea into the harbor
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    Colonists were forced to “Quarter,” or house, British troops
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Inspired by John Locke, Signed by the delegates to the Second Continental Congress
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    First National Government
  • Shays Rebellion

    Shays Rebellion
    Massachusetts farmers rebelled over prospect of losing land
  • The Constitutional Convention

    The Constitutional Convention
    James Madison was the Father of this. Drafted a new Constitution
  • Northwest Ordiance

    Northwest Ordiance
    Created system for admitting states to the Union. Banned slavery in that territory
  • Judiciary Act

    Judiciary Act
    Established a Three-tiered Judicial Structure
  • Mass Media Growth

    Mass Media Growth
    Federalist paper Gazette of the United States published​
  • Chief Justice John Marshall

    Chief Justice John Marshall
    Began to expand the power of the Supreme Court
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    Power of judicial review​
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    McCulloch v. Maryland
    "The power to tax is the power to destroy."
  • Gibbons vs. Ogden

    Gibbons vs. Ogden
    Right of a state legislature to award a monopoly to operate a steamship line between NY and NJ
  • Seneca Falls Convention

    Seneca Falls Convention
    First national woman's rights convention in the US​
  • Dred Scott v. Sanford

    Dred Scott v. Sanford
    Enslaved man sued for his and his family's freedom after being taken to a free state​. "Greatest disaster" of Supreme Court
  • Morrill Act

    Morrill Act
    Granted large tracts of land to states; states sold land and used money for colleges
  • Barred entry to criminals

    Barred entry to criminals
    Apart of Immigration Policies
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    “Separate but equal” doctrine​
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    Direct election of Senators
  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    Gave Congress authority to set a federal income tax. Main source of US income
  • House of Representatives

    House of Representatives
    Total number of Reps fixed by law at 435
  • Cooperative Federalism

    Cooperative Federalism
    States and national governments worked together to deal with the Great Depression
  • The New Deal Era

    The New Deal Era
    Ruled that some New Deal programs violated the Constitution​. Ended in 1953
  • United States v. Miller

    United States v. Miller
    Ruled 2nd Amendment does not protect the right to have all types of weapons
  • United States v. Darby

    United States v. Darby
    Upheld Fair Labor Standards Act; Commerce Clause allows Congress to regulate employment conditions​
  • Executive Order 9066

    Executive Order 9066
    FDR required all people of Japanese descent on the West Coast to report to "War Relocation Centers" (internment camps)​
  • Korematsu v. the United States

    Korematsu v. the United States
    Upheld involuntary internment of ethnically Japanese American citizens​
  • National Security Council

    National Security Council
    Brings together the top military, foreign affairs, and intelligence officials in the administration
  • 22nd Amendment

    22nd Amendment
    U.S. President can serve up to 10 years or two 4-year terms
  • Brown v. Board

    Brown v. Board
    "Separate is inherently unequal"​
  • Benefits of Interest Groups

    Benefits of Interest Groups
    Give minority interests voice in the political process, such as civil rights movement
  • Civil Rights Act of 1960​

    Civil Rights Act of 1960​
    Empowered the federal government to actively engage in voter registration in places where voting discrimination had been found​
  • Great Society

    Great Society
    Government program to eliminate poverty and social inequality
  • Edwards v. South Carolina

    Edwards v. South Carolina
    187 African-American students gathered at the state capitol to protest racial injustice
  • Equal Pay Act of 1963

    Equal Pay Act of 1963
    Established equal pay for men and women​
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964​

    Civil Rights Act of 1964​
    Banned discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender, or national origin in voting, employment, and public accommodations​
  • Miranda v. Arizona

    Miranda v. Arizona
    Expanded rights of people accused of crimes​.
  • Loving v. Virginia

    Loving v. Virginia
    Struck down all state laws banning interracial marriage​
  • Tinker v. Des Moines

    Tinker v. Des Moines
    Schools couldn’t prevent students from protesting the Vietnam War​
  • De Jure Segregation

    De Jure Segregation
    Ended in 1970. Segregation by order of law​
  • War Powers Resolution

    War Powers Resolution
    Congress can force the president to end use of military with a concurrent resolution
  • Equal Credit Opportunity Act

    Equal Credit Opportunity Act
    Prohibited banks, stores, and other businesses from preventing women from getting loans or credit.​
  • Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act

    Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act
    Allowed Native American Groups to control federally funded programs in their communities​
  • New Federalism

    New Federalism
    Cut national grant money and relaxed national requirements
  • College Cost

    College Cost
    The cost of college as increased twice as much as inflation
  • Harlow v. Fitzgerald

    Harlow v. Fitzgerald
    Established the rationale for qualified immunity
  • Tennessee v. Garner

    Tennessee v. Garner
    Limited police use on lethal force
  • Graham v. Connor

    Graham v. Connor
    Juries must consider if the officer believed force was reasonable
  • Issues in Federalism Today

    Issues in Federalism Today
    Congress gave states authority to manage welfare systems with block grants
  • Homeland Security

    Homeland Security
    Reorganization of agencies already in place. Law enforcement, Border security, and Transportation
  • District of Columbia v. Heller

    District of Columbia v. Heller
    Ruled the 2nd Amendment protects an individual's right to keep and bear arms for self-defense​
  • McDonald v. Chicago

    McDonald v. Chicago
    Ruled 2nd Amendment applies to federal, state, and local governments; upheld 2nd Amendment
  • Obergefell v. Hodges

    Obergefell v. Hodges
    Ruled states must grant and recognize same-sex marriage
  • Trump v. Hawaii

    Trump v. Hawaii
    Court ruled a ban on immigration from majority-Muslim countries did not violate the Establishment Clause ​