Tri 1 19 Century America

  • Louisiana Purchase

    Pushed the U.S boundary from the Mississippi river to the rocky Mountains. Jefferson bought it from France for $15 MM.
  • Lowell’s first cotton mill

    It was a machine that cleaned 50 pounds of cotton in the time it took to clean one pound of cotton by hand.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    In 1819federal law that outlawed trusts, monoplies, and other forms of business that restricted.
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    Missouri Compromise

    Henry Clay wrote the compromise in 1820 to maintain the balance of free states versus slave states.
  • Andrew Jackson elected

    In 1824 Jackson was beat by John Adams for the presidency. By 1828 Jackson was elected president by starting a new party called the democratic that the western voters liked. He signed Indian Removal act.
  • 15th Amendment

    Prohibits each government in the United States from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude
  • Indian Removal Act

    A law passed by congress to author the forced resetlment of Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi River in a area west known as the Indian territory, now Oklahoma.
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    Black codes

    Laws to restrict freedom and opportunities for African Americans.
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    Trail of Tears

    Part of Indian Removal act. Indian removal act. In 1838, moved Cherokee to Indian Territory because gold discovered on Cherokee land. 4000 died.
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    American Mexican War

    In 1836 Texas became its own country. In 1846 Mexicans fired on us in Texas (part of U.S). 1846-1848.
  • Compromise of 1850

    North happy because California was admitted as a free state. South was happy because Utah and New Mexico territories were allowed slavery. Was made by Henry Clay.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Was a series of violent events, involving anti-slavery Free-Staters and pro-slavery "Border Ruffian" elements, that took place in the Kansas Territory and the western frontier towns of the U.S. state of Missouri roughly.
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    Sherman’s March to the Sea

    The campaign began with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta, Georgia, on November 16 and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21. It inflicted significant damage, particularly to industry and infrastructure (per the doctrine of total war), and also to civilian property.
  • Bessemer process patented

    He invented the Bessemer furnace or converter in 1855. He was best known for the manucfacture of Iron and Steel.
  • Kansas Nebraska Act

    Allowed for popular sovereignty in the Kansas-Nebraska act.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    This said that even if a slave travelled with his owner to a free state they were still a slave even in the free state.
  • Oil discovered in Pennsylvania

    Titusville is a city in Crawford County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 6,146 at the 2000 census. In 1859, oil was successfully drilled in Titusville, resulting in the birth of the modern oil industry
  • John Brown’s Raid

    Raided on federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, VA. He planned to lead a slave revolt but, no slaves showed up. He was captured and executed. The south saw him as a terrorist and the north saw him as a hero.
  • Lincoln elected

    Abraham Lincoln is elected the 16th president of the United States over a deeply divided Democratic Party, becoming the first Republican to win the presidency. Lincoln received only 40 percent of the popular vote but handily defeated the three other candidates.
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    Civil War

    14 states broke away from the unioun to form the confederacey. To bring the U.S back together we went to war and the Union won.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    It was a law passed by Lincoln saying that all slaves were freed in the confederate states but, this only angered the south.
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    Battle of Gettysburg

    around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War,[8] it is often described as the war's turning point.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Court House

    The remnants of John Broun Gordon’s corps and Fitzhugh Lee’s cavalry formed line of battle at Appomattox Court House. Gen. Robert E. Lee determined to make one last attempt to escape the closing Union pincers and reach his supplies at Lynchburg. At dawn the Confederates advanced, initially gaining ground against Sheridan’s cavalry. The arrival of Union infantry, however, stopped the advance in its tracks. Lee’s army was now surrounded on three sides. Lee surrendered to Grant on April 9. This was
  • Lincoln Assassinated

    Lincoln assasinated after civil war before construction was over.
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    A period of time after the civil war used to build the South back up. All slaves released.
  • 13th Amendment

    Officially abolished and continues to prohibit slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
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    Johnson’s Impeachment

    The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson, 17th President of the United States, was one of the most dramatic events in the political life of the United States during Reconstruction, and the first impeachment in history of a sitting United States president.
    The Impeachment was the consummation of a lengthy political battle, between the moderate Johnson and the "Radical Republican" movement that dominated Congress, for control of Reconstruction policies after the American Civil War.
  • 14th Amendment

    Its Due Process Clause prohibits state and local governments from depriving persons of life, liberty, or property without certain steps being taken to ensure fairness. This clause has been used to make most of the Bill of Rights applicable to the states, as well as to recognize substantive and procedural rights.
  • Transcontinental Railroad completed

    It connected the east coast to California. One of the motivations for building the railroad was to have California part of the Union during the American Civil War. It also accelerated the population of the west by moving white homesteders and freed slaves.
  • Standard Oil Formed

    One of the first oil companies founded by John D. Rockefeller in Ohio. The company preduced oil, transported it, and refined it. It was criticized because it made Rockefeller the richest man in the world.
  • Carnegie forms his Steel Company

    He named it J Edjar Thompson. He produced steel rails for the railroads. He was one of the few people whos wealth grew during the great depression.
  • First telephone called

    What were the first words ever spoken on the telephone? They were spoken by Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, when he made the first call on March 10, 1876, to his assistant, Thomas Watson: "Mr. Watson--come here--I want to see you."
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    The Gilded Age

    The Gilded Age refers to the era of rapid economic and population growth in the United States during the post-Civil War and post-Reconstruction eras of the late 19th century. The term "Gilded Age" was coined by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner in their book The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today. The name refers to the process of gilding an object with a superficial layer of gold and is meant to make fun of ostentatious display while playing on the term "golden age."
  • Light bulb invented

    An electric lamp in which a filament is heated to incandescence by an electric current. Today's incandescent light bulbs use filaments made of tungsten rather than carbon of the 1880's.