Top Ten Causes of the Civil War

  • The Underground Railroad - Harriet Tubman

    The Underground Railroad - Harriet Tubman
    It was a network of Abolitionists aiding runaway slaves. Harriet Tubman was the most famous leader. She helped over 300 slaves escape to the North.
  • Differnces Between North and South

    Differnces Between North and South
    The North was very industrialized with railroads and factories. The South focused more on Agriculture. The North were Republicans, while the South were Democrats. The North was anti-slavery, while the South was pro-slavery. The population in the North was greater than that of the South. All of these differences created tensions which resulted in the Civil War.
  • Slave vs. Free States- unequal balance of power

    Slave vs. Free States- unequal balance of power
    The South had most of the slave states while the north had most of the free states. California, New Mexico, and Utah were added to the Union, which created tension. Tension was created because the two sides had a long-term disagreement on slavery. This dispute was one of the factors of the start of the war.
  • Compromise of 1850 and Fugitive Slave Law

    Compromise of 1850 and Fugitive Slave Law
    Henry Clay created the Compromise of 1850 which settled questions about free and slave states. California admitted to the union as a free state. Fugitive slaves could not be tried under law. Any federal official who didn't arrest a runaway slave was liable to a fine.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    Kansas had become a warzone as pro- and anti-slavery forces fought over the state's future.
  • The Dred Scott Decision

    The Dred Scott Decision
    Chief Justice Roger B. Taney ruled that slave did not have rights as citizens and that the Missouri Compromise was unconstituitional. Congress could not prohibit slavery.
  • Election of Lincoln

    Election of Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln was elected, South Carolina followed by 6 other states seceded from the union. He believed the South was becoming too powerful. He was a sort of Abolitionist. People in the South did not agree with him, so tension was created.
  • Southern Secession

    Southern Secession
    The South secceds from the Union. South Carolina was the first to seceed, followed by MS, FL, AL, GA, LA, and TX.
  • Firing on Fort Sumter

    Firing on Fort Sumter
    First fire shot in the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln sent food to fort sumter which angered the south and initiated the war.
  • Kansas Nebraskaact of 1854- Popular Sovereignty

    Kansas Nebraskaact of 1854- Popular Sovereignty
    Nebraska was in the north, Kansas in the south. It repealed the Missouri Compromise and allowed popular sovereignty to determine whether it was a free or slave state.