Civil Rights Movement

Timeline created by GuillaumeSiracusa
In History
  • Brown Vs. Board of Education

    The Brown Vs. Board of education was a decision of the U.S. Supreme Court where the Supreme Court ruled that American state laws establishing racial segregation in public schools are unconstitutional.
  • Massive Resistance Policy

    The Massive Resistance Policy was a policy passed by the Virginia State Governor Harry F. Byrd Sr. which was an attempt to refuse the Supreme Court policy of integrating schools. Many Virginia schools were shut down in order to directly refuse desegregation.
  • Martin Luther King Jr. is elected as the president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference

  • Sit-ins Began

    A sit in was a type of protest where a large group of people went to a certain place where segregation was present, and they would sit or occupy the area as a form of protest. These most commonly occurred in parks, beaches, libraries, theaters, museums, and other public facilities.
  • Television became a catalyst for the Civil Rights Movement

    At this point in time, 90% of Americans owned a television set. The American Public could now witness what was happening across the nation, which would spark a change.
  • Greensboro Sit-In

    The Greensboro Sit-In was a sit-in at a lunch counter that was reserved for whites only. It was started by four African-American students, and eventually hundreds of African-Americans and Whites would participate in this sit-in at the lunch counter.
  • Interstate Commerce Commision

    The Interstate Commerce Commission is a bill created by John F. Kennedy which ordered the desegregation of everything.
  • March on Washington

    The March on Washington was a march in Washington, D.C. in the national mall. The goal of the march was to get civil
    rights law, federal works program, full and fair employment, decent housing, the right to vote and integrated education.
  • Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech

    This is one of MLK's greatest speeches which was delivered during the March on Washington in front of thousands of activists.
  • Harlem Race Riots

    The Harlem Race Riots was hundreds of people violently rioting in the Harlem, New York
  • Malcolm X "The Ballot or the Bullet" speech

    This was one of Malcolm X's first speeches which stated that if African-American rights were not respected then violence would follow as a retaliation.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    This was a bill passed in 1964 which made discrimination against any person illegal in all states.
  • Murder of Jimmie Lee Jackson

    Jimmie Lee Jackson was participating in a peaceful protest, when he was beaten by troopers and shot by state trooper James Bonard Fowler. He was unarmed, and this set off the idea of the march from Selma to Montgomery.
  • March from Selma to Montgomery

    600 people walked 54 miles in order to protest a killing of Jimmie Lee Jackson. The protestors were met with extreme violence and hate.
  • Voting Rights Act

    This act allowed African-Americans to be able to vote.
  • "Time to Break Silence " Speech

    This speech by Martin Luther King Jr. was delivered in order to break the gap between civil rights and economic justice.
  • Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.

    He was shot at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • Fair Housing Act

    This act prohibited discrimination in sale, rental or financing of housing based on race, religion, sex and national origin.
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    Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Dec 5, 1955 – Dec 20, 1956
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    Freedom Rides

    Freedom Rides were journeys across the Southern States which were protesting the Supreme Court decision of Boynton v. Virginia.