PictureThe American Revolution was a war fought between the American colonists and the nation of Great Britain over the right of the American colonies to secede and become an independent nation. It led to America become a free and independent country which became the United States today.
George Washington Sworn In
George Washington is sworn into office as President for the first time. He becomes the first President of the United States of America.
United States Department ofthe Treasury Founded
The United States Department of the Treasury is founded to handle the printing and distibution of American currency. The Treasury has been the maker of America's money since almost the beginning of the United States.
Cotton Gin Invented
Eli Whitney invented and patented the cotton gin.this inventionallowed one person to quickly and easily seperate large amounts of cotton fiber from the seeds, greatly increasing the production of cotton.
George Washington's Second Term of Office Ends
When Goerge Washington's second term ended, he did not seek re-election. This set the standered for a two term presidency for many years to come.
George Washington Dies
George Washington died in his home on Mount Vernon. This marked the death of America's first President.
The War of 1812
Picture The War of 1812 was a war fought between the United States of America and Great Britain. The war ended with Great Britain formaly recognizing America as an independent nation.
Battle of New Orleans
The Battle of New Orleans toke place after the War of 1812. The troops didn't learn of the peace treaty until after the battle had strarted.
Missouri Compromise Passed
The Mossouri Compromise was an agreement between Pro-Slavery and Anti-Slavery Americans to prohibit slavery in the Louisiana Territory, but allow it in Missouri. It created a balance between free and slave states.
The Erie Canal is Opened
This canal connects Buffalo,Albany, and New York City to the Great Lakes, and thus the West. This causes trade and transportation, as well as canal construction, to grow rapidly.
Indian Removal Act Passed
President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act into law, removing indians from east of the Mississippi River. This opened up large amounts of land, including Georgia, which were full of valueable resources, including gold.
Picture The Texas Revolution was fought so that Texas colonists could be free from Mexico. The War lead to Texas becomeing its own independent nation.
Battle of The Alamo
Picture The Battle of the Alamo was a pivotol point in the Texas Revolution, in which about one hundred eighty Texans and one thousand five hundred Mexicans fought against each other over Texan independence from Mexico. The Alamo fell and every Texan was killed,whichcaused many people to flock to aid Texas, leading to Texas victory and independence.
Treaties of Velasco Signed
The Treaties of Velasco were signed ofter Santa Anna was defeated by Texas at the Battle of San Jacinto. They were supposed to formoly recognize Texas as an independent nation from Mexico, but they were never approved by Mexico, and Mexico never formaly recognized Texan independence until after the Mexican-American War as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo.
Texes is Admitted to the Union
Texas is officialy granted stathood and is now the twenty-eigth state in the United States of America. This causes Mexico to declare war, and the Mexican-American War begins,
Picture America fought against Mexico over territory. This alloweed America to achieve Manifest Destiny.
New York Times Founded
In 1851, Henry Raymond founded the New Yprk Times. It became one of the most popular papers in America, and covered many impotant events, including the American Civil War.
Nikola Tesla Born
On this date, Nikola Tesla was born in Smijan. He invented and improved many of today most important inventions, like Alternating current, wireless communications, and hydroelectric power.
Jefferson Davis Is President of The Confederate States
Picture Jefferson Davis was the first President of the Confederate States. He would be their President through the entire Civil War.
Abraham Lincoln Elected President
Abraham Lincoln was elected the sixteenth President of the United States. His election would spark the American Civil War.
American Civil War
Picture The American Civil War was fought between the American Union and the Confederate States, who wanted to leave the United States. The war became one of the bloodiest in American history, and saw an end to slavery in the United States.
Battle of Fort Sumter
Picture After seveen states seceded from the United States, South Carolina attacked Fort Sumter. This attack would start the American Civil War.
Battle of Gettysburg
The Battleof Gettysburg was one of the bloodiest battles in the Civil War, in which the South was trying to invade the North through Pennsylvania. The battle was a turning point in the war, and it put the South on the defensive for nearly the entire rest of the war.
The Gettysburg Address was the speech Abraham Lincoln gave at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery. It has become one of the most well known speeches in american history, and invoked the principles of human equality for everyone, stating that all men should be treated equel, regardles of color.
Abraham Lincoln Assassinated
Abraham Lincoln was killed while watching a play at Ford's Theatre. LIncoln was the first President to be killed while in office, and his death led to the founding of the Secret Service.
States Ratify the Thirteenth Amendment
All the states ratified the Thirteenth Amendment, officialy making it a law in all of the United States. This amendment ended slavery in the United States.
Alaska is Made Formaly Part of the United States
Russia formaly hands over Alaska to the United States. Alaska became the first part of the United States notpart of the main United States, as well as an important part of the economy.
The First Transcontinental Railroad is Completed
The Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads joni to make the first transcontinental railroad at Promontory Point, Utah. This makes wesern settlement easier, and shortens travel time west to about one week.
Alexander Graham Bell invents thefirst telephone. This allows fast communication over long distances and revolutionized how the world communicated.
Battle of Little Bighorn
Picture This battle was fought between General Armstong Custer and the forces several Native Americans. It is considered by some one of the greatest military loses in the history of the United States, and the last stand of General Custer, who died in the battle.