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In History
  • Impression, sunrise

    Impression, sunrise
    Painting by Claude Monet, Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), 1872, oil on canvas, Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris.
  • Laiter I

    Laiter I
    The First Leiter building was a Chicago commercial structure built in 1879 by Le Baron Jenney and demolished in 1972.
  • On the Terrace

    On the Terrace
    Painting by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, On the Terrace, 1881, Art Institute of Chicago.
  • Home Insurance Building

    Home Insurance Building
    The Home Insurance Building was a skyscraper in Chicago, United States, designed by William Le Baron Jenney in 1884, for the Home Insurance Company in New York, which some regarded as the first skyscraper in the world.
  • The Auditorium Building

    The Auditorium Building
    The Auditorium Building in Chicago is one of the best-known designs of Louis Sullivan and Dankmar Adler. Was completed in 1889.
  • Monadnock Building

    Monadnock Building
    he Monadnock Building is a 16-story skyscraper located at 53 West Jackson Boulevard in the south Loop area of Chicago, Illinois. The north half of the building was designed by the firm of Burnham & Root and built starting in 1891.
  • Haystacks, (sunset)

    Haystacks, (sunset)
    Pinting by Claude Monet, Haystacks, (sunset), 1890–1891, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
  • The scream

    The scream
    Painting by Edvard Munch, The Scream, 1893, oil, tempera and pastel on cardboard, 91 x 73 cm, National Gallery of Norway, inspired 20th-century Expressionists.
  • Notre-Dame at the end of the Afternoon

    Notre-Dame at the end of the Afternoon
    By Henri Matisse, Notre-Dame at the end of the Afternoon, 1902, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York.
  • Woman with a Hat

    Woman with a Hat
    By Henri Matisse. Woman with a Hat, 1905. San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
  • Woman with Large Hat

    Woman with Large Hat
    By Kees van Dongen, Woman with Large Hat, 1906
  • Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

    Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
    By Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, 1907, considered to be a major step towards the founding of the Cubist movement.
  • Girl with a Mandolin

    Girl with a Mandolin
    By Pablo Picasso, 1910, Girl with a Mandolin (Fanny Tellier), oil on canvas, 100.3 x 73.6 cm, Museum of Modern Art, New York.
  • The Large Blue Horses

    The Large Blue Horses
    Painting by Franz Marc, Die großen blauen Pferde (The Large Blue Horses), 1911.
  • Woman with a horse

    Woman with a horse
    By Jean Metzinger, La Femme au Cheval, Woman with a horse, 1911-1912, Statens Museum for Kunst, National Gallery of Denmark.
  • Glass Pavilion

    Glass Pavilion
    Glass Pavilion at the Cologne Deutscher Werkbund Exhibition, 1914 (Bruno Taut)
  • La Città Nuova

     La Città Nuova
    Perspective drawing from La Città Nuova by Sant'Elia, 1914.
  • House with external elevators

    House with external elevators
    House with external elevators, Antonio Sant'Elia, 1914
  • Power station

    Power station
    Power station, Antonio Sant'Elia, 1914
  • Het Schip

    Het Schip
    Dutch expressionism (Amsterdam School), Het Schip apartment building in Amsterdam, 1917–20 (Michel de Klerk)
  • Cut with the Dada Kitchen Knife through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch in Germany

    Cut with the Dada Kitchen Knife through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch in Germany
    By Hannah Höch, Cut with the Dada Kitchen Knife through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch in Germany, 1919, collage of pasted papers, 90×144 cm.
  • Einstein tower

    Einstein tower
    Einstein Tower in Potsdam near Berlin, 1919–22 (Erich Mendelsohn)
  • In Grey

    In Grey
    In Grey (1919) by Kandinsky, exhibited at the 19th State Exhibition, Moscow, 1920
  • Dame!

    by Francis Picabia, Dame! Illustration for the cover of the periodical Dadaphone, n. 7, Paris, March 1920.
  • Monument to the March Dead

    Monument to the March Dead
    Walter Gropius's "Monument to the March Dead" in Weimar
  • ABCD

    By Raoul Hausmann, ABCD (self-portrait), a photomontage from 1923–24.
  • Bauhaus building in Dessau

    Bauhaus building in Dessau
    Bauhaus building in Dessau, Walter Gropius, 1925-1926
  • Contemporary City

    Contemporary City
    In 1925, he presented his "Plan Voisin", in which he proposed to bulldoze most of central Paris north of the Seine and replace it with his sixty-story cruciform towers from the Contemporary City, placed within an orthogonal street grid and park-like green space.
  • The Weissenhof Estate

    The Weissenhof Estate
    The Weissenhof Estate is a housing estate built for the Deutscher Werkbund exhibition in Stuttgart in 1927. It was an international showcase of what later became known as the International style of architecture.
  • ADGB Trade Union School

    ADGB Trade Union School
    ADGB Trade Union School in Bernau bei Berlin, Hannes Meyer, 1928
  • The Treachery of Images

    The Treachery of Images
    The Treachery of Images by René Magritte (1929), featuring the famous declaration, "This is not a pipe." Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
  • Lovell House

    Lovell House
    Lovell House, Los Angeles, Richard Neutra, 1929
  • Barcelona Pavilion

    Barcelona Pavilion
    Barcelona Pavilion, Barcelona, Mies van der Rohe, 1929
  • The Chrysler Building 1

    The Chrysler Building 1
    The Chrysler Building 1, William van Alen, 1930.
  • Villa Savoye

    Villa Savoye
    Villa Savoye, Paris, Le Corbusier, 1930
  • The Empire State Building

    The Empire State Building
    The Empire State Building is a 102-story[c] Art Deco skyscraper in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Designed by Shreve, Lamb & Harmon and completed in 1931. The Empire State Building stood as the world's tallest building for nearly 40 years until the completion of the World Trade Center's North Tower in Lower Manhattan in late 1970.
  • Museo Casa Estudio Diego Rivera y Frida Kahlo

    Museo Casa Estudio Diego Rivera y Frida Kahlo
    Museo Casa Estudio Diego Rivera y Frida Kahlo, Juan O´Gorman. 1931
  • Woman with Her Throat Cut

    Woman with Her Throat Cut
    By Giacometti, Woman with Her Throat Cut, 1932 (cast 1949), Museum of Modern Art, New York City.
  • Fallingwater

    Fallingwater is a house designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright in 1935 in rural southwestern Pennsylvania.
  • El Moro

    El Moro
    El Moro, Manuel Ortíz Monasterio, 1936
  • L'Ange du Foyer ou le Triomphe du Surréalisme

    L'Ange du Foyer ou le Triomphe du Surréalisme
    By Max Ernst, L'Ange du Foyer ou le Triomphe du Surréalisme (1937), private collection.
  • Chandigarh

    Chandigarh was the first planned city after independence from British rule
    It is the capital city of the states of Punjab and Haryana.
    The city is located at the junction of foothills of the Himalayas Mountain range and the Ganges plains.
    It houses a population of over 1,000,000 inhabitants and is one of the richest cities of the nation.
    After the death of Nowicki in 1950, Le Corbusier was commissioned.
  • Seagram building

    Seagram building
    Seagram, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Philip Johnson. 1954-1958.
  • Habitat 67 in Montreal

    Habitat 67 in Montreal
    Habitat 67 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, is a Brutalist building.
  • Geisel Library at the University of California

    Geisel Library at the University of California
    Geisel Library at the University of California, San Diego, 1968.
  • Brazilia

    Brazilian planner, preservationist and modernist thinker Lúcio Costa (27 Feburary 1902 – 13 June 1998) is best known for his 1957 plan of Brasília that shaped the Brazilian capital into a monument to utopian modernism. The planner was Niemeyer.
  • The Neue Staatsgalerie in Stuttgart

    The Neue Staatsgalerie in Stuttgart
    The Neue Staatsgalerie in Stuttgart, Germany, by James Stirling (1977–83)
  • At&t building

    At&t building
    At&t building, 1984, Phillip Jhonson & John Burgee
  • Piazza d'Italia

    Piazza d'Italia
    Piazza d'Italia, New Orleans, 1990. Charles Moore
  • L'Oceanogràfic

    L'Oceanogràfic (El Oceanográfico), Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias, Valencia, España. Félix Candela. 2002
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    Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterized by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.
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    Chicago School

    Also known as the Commercial style. It took place in the late 19th century and early 20th century. Some of the distinguishing features of the Chicago School are the use of steel-frame buildings with masonry cladding, allowing large plate-glass window areas and limiting the amount of exterior ornamentation.
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    Town planning in the 20th century

    Planning and architecture went through a paradigm shift at the turn of the 20th century. The industrialized cities of the 19th century had grown at a tremendous rate, with the pace and style of building largely dictated by private business concerns.
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    Expressionist architecture

    Expressionist architecture is an architectural movement in Europe during the first decades of the 20th century in parallel with the expressionist visual and performing arts that especially developed and dominated in Germany. Brick Expressionism is a special variant of this movement in western and northern Germany and in The Netherlands. Expressionist architecture is one of the three dominant styles of Modern architecture (International Style, Expressionist- and Constructivist architecture).
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    Fauvism is the style of les Fauves (French for "the wild beasts"), a group of early twentieth-century modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over the representational or realistic values retained by Impressionism.
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    Expressionism is a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century. Its typical trait is to present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas.
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    Cubism is an early-20th-century avant-garde art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music, literature and architecture. Cubism has been considered the most influential art movement of the 20th century.
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    Futurist architecture

    Futurist architecture is an early-20th century form of architecture born in Italy, characterized by strong chromaticism, long dynamic lines, suggesting speed, motion, urgency and lyricism: it was a part of Futurism, an artistic movement founded by the poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, who produced its first manifesto, the Manifesto of Futurism, in 1909.
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    Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings. Artists painted unnerving, illogical scenes with photographic precision, created strange creatures from everyday objects, and developed painting techniques that allowed the unconscious to express itself. Its aim was to "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality into an absolute reality, a super-reality".
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    Dada or dadaism

    Dada or Dadaism was an art movement of the European avant-garde in the early 20th century, with early centers in Zürich, Switzerland, at the Cabaret Voltaire; New York Dada began circa 1915, and after 1920 Dada flourished in Paris. Developed in reaction to World War I, the Dada movement consisted of artists who rejected the logic, reason, and aestheticism of modern capitalist society, instead expressing nonsense, irrationality, and anti-bourgeois protest in their works.
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    The Staatliches Bauhaus, commonly known as the Bauhaus, was a German art school operational from 1919 to 1933 that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught. The Bauhaus was founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar.
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    International Style

    The International Style is a major architectural style that was developed in the 1920s and 1930s and was closely related to modernism and modern architecture. It was first defined by Museum of Modern Art curators Henry-Russell Hitchcock and Philip Johnson in 1932, based on works of architecture from the 1920s.
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    Art Deco

    Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I.[1] Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
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    Brutalist architecture

    Brutalist architecture or Brutalism is an architectural style which emerged in the mid-20th century and gained popularity in the late 1950s and 1960s. It descended from the modernist architectural movement of the late 19th century and of the first half of 20th century.
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    Postmodern architecture

    Postmodern architecture is a style or movement which emerged in the 1960s as a reaction against the austerity, formality, and lack of variety of modern architecture, particularly in the international style advocated by Le Corbusier and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.